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Acceptability Judgments  

James Myers

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Acceptability judgments are reports of a speaker’s or signer’s subjective sense of the well-formedness, nativeness, or naturalness of (novel) linguistic forms. Their value comes in ... More

Blending in Morphology  

Natalia Beliaeva

Online publication date:
May 2019
Blending is a type of word formation in which two or more words are merged into one so that the blended constituents are either clipped, or partially overlap. An example of a typical blend ... More

Bracketing Paradoxes in Morphology  

Heather Newell

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
Bracketing paradoxes—constructions whose morphosyntactic and morpho-phonological structures appear to be irreconcilably at odds (e.g., unhappier)—are unanimously taken to point to truths ... More

Clinical Linguistics  

Louise Cummings

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Clinical linguistics is the branch of linguistics that applies linguistic concepts and theories to the study of language disorders. As the name suggests, clinical linguistics is a ... More

Defectiveness in Morphology  

Antonio Fábregas

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Morphological defectiveness refers to situations where one or more paradigmatic forms of a lexeme are not realized, without plausible syntactic, semantic, or phonological causes. The ... More

Derivational Morphology  

Rochelle Lieber

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Derivational morphology is a type of word formation that creates new lexemes, either by changing syntactic category or by adding substantial new meaning (or both) to a free or bound base. ... More

Early Modern English  

Terttu Nevalainen

In the Early Modern English period (1500–1700), steps were taken toward Standard English, and this was also the time when Shakespeare wrote, but these perspectives are only part of the ... More

Frequency Effects in Grammar  

Holger Diessel and Martin Hilpert

Online publication date:
May 2016
Until recently, theoretical linguists have paid little attention to the frequency of linguistic elements in grammar and grammatical development. It is a standard assumption of (most) ... More

Grammaticalization  

Walter Bisang

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Linguistic change not only affects the lexicon and the phonology of words, it also operates on the grammar of a language. In this context, grammaticalization is concerned with the ... More

Iconicity  

Irit Meir and Oksana Tkachman

Iconicity is a relationship of resemblance or similarity between the two aspects of a sign: its form and its meaning. An iconic sign is one whose form resembles its meaning in some way. ... More

Ideophones (Mimetics, Expressives)  

Kimi Akita and Mark Dingemanse

Online publication date:
May 2019
Ideophones, also termed mimetics or expressives, are marked words that depict sensory imagery. They are found in many of the world’s languages, and sizable lexical classes of ideophones ... More

Kiowa-Tanoan Languages  

Daniel Harbour

The Kiowa-Tanoan family is a small group of Native American languages of the Plains and pueblo Southwest. It comprises Kiowa, of the eponymous Plains tribe, and the pueblo-based Tanoan ... More

Korean Phonetics and Phonology  

Young-mee Yu Cho

Online publication date:
Oct 2016
Due to a number of unusual and interesting properties, Korean phonetics and phonology have been generating productive discussion within modern linguistic theories, starting from ... More

Language Contact in the Sahara  

Lameen Souag

Online publication date:
Jun 2016
As might be expected from the difficulty of traversing it, the Sahara Desert has been a fairly effective barrier to direct contact between its two edges; trans-Saharan language contact is ... More

Mayan Languages  

Nora C. England

Mayan languages are spoken by over 5 million people in Guatemala, Mexico, Belize, and Honduras. There are around 30 different languages today, ranging in size from fairly large (about a ... More

Morphology and Phonotactics  

Maria Gouskova

Phonotactics is the study of restrictions on possible sound sequences in a language. In any language, some phonotactic constraints can be stated without reference to morphology, but many ... More

Morpho-Phonological Processes in Korean  

Jongho Jun

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
It has been an ongoing issue within generative linguistics how to properly analyze morpho-phonological processes. Morpho-phonological processes typically have exceptions, but nonetheless ... More

Okinawan Language  

Shinsho Miyara

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
Within the Ryukyuan branch of the Japonic family of languages, present-day Okinawan retains numerous regional variants which have evolved for over a thousand years in the Ryukyuan ... More

Old and Middle Japanese  

Bjarke Frellesvig

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
Old and Middle Japanese are the pre-modern periods of the attested history of the Japanese language. Old Japanese (OJ) is largely the language of the 8th century, with a modest, but still ... More

Phonological and Morphological Aspects of Reduplication  

Suzanne Urbanczyk

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Reduplication is a word-formation process in which all or part of a word is repeated to convey some form of meaning. A wide range of patterns are found in terms of both the form and ... More

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