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Romance in Contact With Semitic  

Daniele Baglioni

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics. Please check back later for the full article. The ... More

Scope Marking at the Syntax-Semantics Interface  

Veneeta Dayal and Deepak Alok

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Subject:
Semantics, Syntax
Natural language allows questioning into embedded clauses. One strategy for doing so involves structures like the following: [CP-1 whi [TP DP V [CP-2 … ti …]]], where a wh-phrase that ... More

Scrambling in Korean Syntax  

Heejeong Ko

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Scrambling is one of the most widely discussed and prominent factors affecting word order variation in Korean. Scrambling in Korean exhibits various syntactic and semantic properties that ... More

Second Language Acquisition of Japanese  

Masahiko Minami

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Empirical and theoretical research on language has recently experienced a period of extensive growth. Unfortunately, however, in the case of the Japanese language, far fewer ... More

Second Language Phonetics  

Ocke-Schwen Bohn

The study of second language phonetics is concerned with three broad and overlapping research areas: the characteristics of second language speech production and perception, the ... More

Second Language Processing and Linguistic Theory  

John Archibald

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
The distinction between representations and processes is central to most models of the cognitive science of language. Linguistic theory informs the types of representations assumed, and ... More

Segmental Phonology, Phonotactics, and Syllable Structure in the Romance Languages  

Stephan Schmid

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics. Please check back later for the full article. From ... More

Semantic Change  

Elizabeth Closs Traugott

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Traditional approaches to semantic change typically focus on outcomes of meaning change and list types of change such as metaphoric and metonymic extension, broadening and narrowing, and ... More

Semantic Compositionality  

Francis Jeffry Pelletier

Online publication date:
Jul 2016
Subject:
Semantics
Most linguists have heard of semantic compositionality. Some will have heard that it is the fundamental truth of semantics. Others will have been told that it is so thoroughly and ... More

Semantics and Pragmatics of Monkey Communication  

Philippe Schlenker, Emmanuel Chemla, and Klaus Zuberbühler

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Rich data gathered in experimental primatology in the last 40 years are beginning to benefit from analytical methods used in contemporary linguistics, especially in the area of semantics ... More

Sign Language Phonology  

Diane Brentari, Jordan Fenlon, and Kearsy Cormier

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
Sign language phonology is the abstract grammatical component where primitive structural units are combined to create an infinite number of meaningful utterances. Although the notion of ... More

Social Network Approach in African Sociolinguistics  

Klaus Beyer and Henning Schreiber

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
The Social Network Analysis approach (SNA), also known as sociometrics or actor-network analysis, investigates social structure on the basis of empirically recorded social ties between ... More

Sociolinguistics  

Christine Mallinson

Online publication date:
Nov 2015
The study of sociolinguistics constitutes a vast and complex topic that has yielded an extensive and multifaceted body of scholarship. Language is fundamentally at work in how we operate ... More

Spanish in Contact with South-American Languages, with Special Emphasis on Andean and Paraguayan Spanish  

Fernando Zúñiga

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
The effect of indigenous languages of South America on Spanish is strongest in the lexicon (especially with toponyms, zoonyms, and phytonyms) and identifiable, but much more modest, in ... More

Speech Acts  

Mitchell Green

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Subject:
Pragmatics
Speech acts are acts that can, but need not, be carried out by saying and meaning that one is doing so. Many view speech acts as the central units of communication, with phonological, ... More

Speech Perception and Generalization Across Talkers and Accents  

Kodi Weatherholtz and T. Florian Jaeger

Online publication date:
Dec 2016
The seeming ease with which we usually understand each other belies the complexity of the processes that underlie speech perception. One of the biggest computational challenges is that ... More

Speech Perception in Phonetics  

Patrice Speeter Beddor

Online publication date:
Jan 2017
In their conversational interactions with speakers, listeners aim to understand what a speaker is saying, that is, they aim to arrive at the linguistic message, which is interwoven with ... More

The Status of Heads in Morphology  

Beata Moskal and Peter W. Smith

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
Headedness is a pervasive phenomenon throughout different components of the grammar, which fundamentally encodes an asymmetry between two or more items, such that one is in some sense more ... More

Suppletion  

Ljuba N. Veselinova

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
The term suppletion is used to indicate the unpredictable encoding of otherwise regular semantic or grammatical relations. Standard examples in English include the present and past tense ... More

Syntactic Cartography  

Ur Shlonsky and Giuliano Bocci

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
Syntactic cartography emerged in the 1990s as a result of the growing consensus in the field about the central role played by functional elements and by morphosyntactic features in syntax. ... More

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