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Negation in Morphology  

Karen De Clercq

Online publication date:
Apr 2020
Negative markers are not a uniform category. They come in various types and, depending on their type, they take scope over a clause, a phrase, or just a word. Low scope negative markers ... More

Network Morphology  

Andrew Hippisley

Online publication date:
Apr 2020
The morphological machinery of a language is at the service of syntax, but the service can be poor. A request may result in the wrong item (deponency), or in an item the syntax already has ... More

Neurolinguistic Approaches in Morphology  

Niels O. Schiller

Online publication date:
Apr 2020
Neurolinguistic approaches to morphology include the main theories of morphological representation and processing in the human mind, such as full-listing, full-parsing, and hybrid ... More

Nikolai Trubetzkoy  

Edwin L. Battistella

Online publication date:
Jan 2017
Nikolai Trubetzkoy (1890–1938) was a Russian émigré scholar who settled in Austria in 1922, serving as Head of Slavic Linguistics at the University of Vienna and participating in the Prague ... More

Noam Chomsky  

Howard Lasnik and Terje Lohndal

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
Noam Avram Chomsky is one of the central figures of modern linguistics. He was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on December 7, 1928. In 1945, Chomsky enrolled in the University of ... More

Nominalization: General Overview and Theoretical Issues  

Rochelle Lieber

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
Nominalization refers both to the process by which complex nouns are created and to the complex nouns that are derived by that process. Nominalizations common in the languages of the world ... More

Nominal Reference  

Donka Farkas

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Subject:
Semantics
Nominal reference is central to both linguistic semantics and philosophy of language. On the theoretical side, both philosophers and linguists wrestle with the problem of how the link ... More

Non-Quantitative Approaches to Dialect Classification and Relatedness  

Marcello Barbato

Several attempts have been made to classify Romance languages. The subgroups created can be posited as intermediate entities in diachrony between a mother language and daughter languages. ... More

Noun-Modifying Clause Construction in Japanese  

Yoshiko Matsumoto

The noun-modifying clause construction (NMCC) in Japanese is a complex noun phrase in which a prenominal clause is dependent on the head noun. Naturally occurring instances of the ... More

Number in Language  

Paolo Acquaviva

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Number is the category through which languages express information about the individuality, numerosity, and part structure of what we speak about. As a linguistic category it has a ... More

Numerals in Morphology  

Ljuba N. Veselinova

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
This article provides an overview of approaches to numerals within the field of morphology. As is well known, any strict separation between morphology, semantics and syntax is hardly ... More

Okinawan Language  

Shinsho Miyara

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
Within the Ryukyuan branch of the Japonic family of languages, present-day Okinawan retains numerous regional variants which have evolved for over a thousand years in the Ryukyuan ... More

Old and Middle English Phonology  

Donka Minkova

Online publication date:
May 2019
Old English (OE) is a cover term for a variety of dialects spoken in Britain ca. 5th–11th century. Most of the manuscripts on which the descriptive handbook tradition relies date from the ... More

Old and Middle Japanese  

Bjarke Frellesvig

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
Old and Middle Japanese are the pre-modern periods of the attested history of the Japanese language. Old Japanese (OJ) is largely the language of the 8th century, with a modest, but still ... More

The Onomasiological Approach  

Jesús Fernández-Domínguez

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
The onomasiological approach is a theoretical framework that emphasizes the cognitive-semantic component of language and the primacy of extra-linguistic reality in the process of naming. ... More

Origins of the Japanese Language  

Alexander Vovin

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
The Northeast Asia is one of the unique points on the globe where there are many language isolates and portmanteau families. From a conservative point of view, the Japanese language is a ... More

Overabundance in Morphology  

Anna M. Thornton

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
Overabundance is the situation in which two (or more) inflectional forms are available to realize the same cell in the inflectional paradigm of a lexeme (i.e., to express the meaning ... More

Paradigm Function Morphology: Assumptions and Innovations  

Gregory Stump

Online publication date:
Apr 2020
Paradigm Function Morphology (PFM) is an evolving approach to modeling morphological systems in a precise and enlightening way. The fundamental insight of PFM is that words have both ... More

Paradigms in Morphology  

Petar Milin and James P. Blevins

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
Studies of the structure and function of paradigms are as old as the Western grammatical tradition. The central role accorded to paradigms in traditional approaches largely reflects the ... More

Parasynthesis in Morphology  

Claudio Iacobini

Online publication date:
Jan 2020
Subject:
Morphology
The term parasynthesis is mainly used in modern theoretical linguistics in the meaning introduced by Arsène Darmesteter (1874) to refer to denominal or deadjectival prefixed verbs of the ... More

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