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Deixis and Pragmatics  

William F. Hanks

Deictic expressions, like English ‘this, that, here, and there’ occur in all known human languages. They are typically used to individuate objects in the immediate context in which they ... More

Dene-Yeniseian  

Edward Vajda

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Dene-Yeniseian is a proposed genealogical link between the widespread North American language family Na-Dene (Athabaskan, Eyak, Tlingit) and Yeniseian in central Siberia, represented today ... More

Denominal Verbs in Morphology  

Heike Baeskow

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
Denominal verbs are verbs formed from nouns by means of various word-formation processes such as derivation, conversion, or less common mechanisms like reduplication, change of pitch, or ... More

Deponency in Morphology  

Laura Grestenberger

Online publication date:
Sep 2019
Deponency refers to mismatches between morphological form and syntactic function (or “meaning”), such that a given morphological exponent appears in a syntactic environment that is ... More

Derivational Economy in Syntax and Semantics  

Željko Bošković and Troy Messick

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Subject:
Semantics, Syntax
Economy considerations have always played an important role in the generative theory of grammar. They are particularly prominent in the most recent instantiation of this approach, the ... More

Derivational Morphology  

Rochelle Lieber

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Derivational morphology is a type of word formation that creates new lexemes, either by changing syntactic category or by adding substantial new meaning (or both) to a free or bound base. ... More

Determiners  

Phoevos Panagiotidis

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Subject:
Semantics, Syntax
Determiners are a nominal syntactic category distinct from both adjectives and nouns; they constitute a functional (aka closed or ‘minor’) category and they are typically located high ... More

Dialectology  

Becky Childs

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
The field of dialectology, the study of the language of an area or group of people, has a long tradition within linguistics. From the earliest dialect studies, a focus on rigorous ... More

Diglossia in North Africa  

Lotfi Sayahi

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
Diglossia refers to a situation where two linguistic varieties coexist within a given speech community. One variety, labeled the ‘high variety’, is used in formal domains including ... More

Direct Perception of Speech  

Carol A. Fowler

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
The theory of speech perception as direct derives from a general direct-realist account of perception. A realist stance on perception is that perceiving enables occupants of an ecological ... More

Dispersion Theory and Phonology  

Edward Flemming

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Dispersion Theory concerns the constraints that govern contrasts, the phonetic differences that can distinguish words in a language. Specifically it posits that there are distinctiveness ... More

Displacement in Syntax  

Klaus Abels

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Displacement is a ubiquitous phenomenon in natural languages. Grammarians often speak of displacement in cases where the rules for the canonical word order of a language lead to the ... More

Distributed Morphology  

Jonathan David Bobaljik

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Distributed Morphology (DM) is a framework in theoretical morphology, characterized by two core tenets: (i) that the internal hierarchical structure of words is, in the first instance, ... More

Early Modern English  

Terttu Nevalainen

In the Early Modern English period (1500–1700), steps were taken toward Standard English, and this was also the time when Shakespeare wrote, but these perspectives are only part of the ... More

Early Modern Views on Language and Languages (ca. 1450–1800)  

Toon Van Hal

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
The Early Modern interest taken in language was intense and versatile. In this period, language education gradually no longer centered solely on Latin. The linguistic scope widened ... More

Endangered Languages  

Chris Rogers and Lyle Campbell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The reduction of the world’s linguistic diversity has accelerated over the last century and correlates to a loss of knowledge, collective and individual identity, and social value. Often a ... More

Englishes in England, Scotland, Wales, and Ireland  

Raymond Hickey

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
The differentiation of English into separate varieties in the regions of Britain and Ireland has a long history. This is connected with the separate but related identities of England, ... More

Eskimo-Aleut  

Anna Berge

Online publication date:
Jun 2016
The Eskimo-Aleut language family consists of two quite different branches, Aleut and Eskimo. The latter consists of Yupik and Inuit languages. It is spoken from the eastern coast of Russia ... More

Etymology in Romance  

Éva Buchi and Steven N. Dworkin

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
Etymology is the only linguistic subdiscipline that is uniquely historical in its study of the relevant linguistic data and one of the oldest fields in Romance linguistics. The ... More

Evaluatives in Morphology  

Nicola Grandi

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Evaluative morphology is a field of linguistic studies that deals with the formation of diminutives, augmentatives, pejoratives, and amelioratives. Actually, evaluative constructions cross ... More

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