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Dispersion Theory and Phonology  

Edward Flemming

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Dispersion Theory concerns the constraints that govern contrasts, the phonetic differences that can distinguish words in a language. Specifically it posits that there are distinctiveness ... More

Displacement in Syntax  

Klaus Abels

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Displacement is a ubiquitous phenomenon in natural languages. Grammarians often speak of displacement in cases where the rules for the canonical word order of a language lead to the ... More

Distributed Morphology  

Jonathan David Bobaljik

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Distributed Morphology (DM) is a framework in theoretical morphology, characterized by two core tenets: (i) that the internal hierarchical structure of words is, in the first instance, ... More

Early Modern English  

Terttu Nevalainen

In the Early Modern English period (1500–1700), steps were taken toward Standard English, and this was also the time when Shakespeare wrote, but these perspectives are only part of the ... More

Early Modern Views on Language and Languages (ca. 1450–1800)  

Toon Van Hal

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
The Early Modern interest taken in language was intense and versatile. In this period, language education gradually no longer centered solely on Latin. The linguistic scope widened ... More

Endangered Languages  

Chris Rogers and Lyle Campbell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The reduction of the world’s linguistic diversity has accelerated over the last century and correlates to a loss of knowledge, collective and individual identity, and social value. Often a ... More

Englishes in England, Scotland, Wales, and Ireland  

Raymond Hickey

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
The differentiation of English into separate varieties in the regions of Britain and Ireland has a long history. This is connected with the separate but related identities of England, ... More

Eskimo-Aleut  

Anna Berge

Online publication date:
Jun 2016
The Eskimo-Aleut language family consists of two quite different branches, Aleut and Eskimo. The latter consists of Yupik and Inuit languages. It is spoken from the eastern coast of Russia ... More

Etymology in Romance  

Eva Buchi and Steven N. Dworkin

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Evaluatives in Morphology  

Nicola Grandi

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Evaluative morphology is a field of linguistic studies that deals with the formation of diminutives, augmentatives, pejoratives, and amelioratives. Actually, evaluative constructions cross ... More

Event/Result in Morphology  

Artemis Alexiadou

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
This article revisits Grimshaw's (1990) tripartition of nominalization, which introduced an important correlation between particular types of nominalization and the readings associated ... More

Existential and Locative Constructions in the Romance Languages  

Delia Bentley

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Exoskeletal Versus Endoskeletal Approaches in Morphology  

Víctor Acedo-Matellán

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
A fundamental difference in theoretical models of morphology and, particularly, of the syntax–morphology interface is that between endoskeletal and exoskeletal approaches. In the former, ... More

Experimental Pragmatics  

Florian Schwarz

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
While both pragmatic theory and experimental investigations of language using psycholinguistic methods have been well-established subfields in the language sciences for a long time, the ... More

Experimental Semiotics  

Bruno Galantucci

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Experimental Semiotics (ES) is a burgeoning new discipline aimed at investigating in the laboratory the development of novel forms of human communication. Conceptually connected to ... More

Ferdinand de Saussure  

John E. Joseph

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Ferdinand de Saussure (1857–1913), the founding figure of modern linguistics, made his mark on the field with a book he published a month after his 21st birthday, in which he proposed a ... More

Formants  

Daniel Aalto, Jarmo Malinen, and Martti Vainio

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
Formant frequencies are the positions of the local maxima of the power spectral envelope of a sound signal. They arise from acoustic resonances of the vocal tract air column, and they ... More

French-Based Creole Languages  

Anne Hertz

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Frequency Effects in Grammar  

Holger Diessel and Martin Hilpert

Online publication date:
May 2016
Until recently, theoretical linguists have paid little attention to the frequency of linguistic elements in grammar and grammatical development. It is a standard assumption of (most) ... More

Game Theory in Pragmatics: Evolution, Rationality, and Reasoning  

Michael Franke

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Game theory provides formal means of representing and explaining action choices in social decision situations where the choices of one participant depend on the choices of another. Game ... More

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