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Coordination in Compounds  

Angela Ralli

Online publication date:
May 2019
Subject:
Morphology
Compounds are generally divided in those that involve a dependency (subordinate and attributive) relation of one constituent upon the other and those where there is coordination, for which ... More

Coordination in Syntax  

Grant Goodall

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Subject:
Semantics, Syntax
The term coordination refers to the juxtaposition of two or more conjuncts often linked by a conjunction such as and or or. The conjuncts (e.g., our friend and your teacher in Our friend ... More

Copular Constructions in Syntax  

Marcel den Dikken and Teresa O’Neill

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Subject:
Semantics, Syntax
Copular sentences (sentences of the form A is B) have been prominent on the research agenda for linguists and philosophers of language since classical antiquity, and continue to be shrouded ... More

Copulas in the Romance Languages  

Christopher Pountain

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
Definition of the copula as a discrete grammatical category is problematic. It is the semantically unmarked copulas (simple equivalents of the English verb ‘to be’) which deserve most ... More

Corpus Phonology  

Jacques Durand

Online publication date:
Jan 2017
Corpus Phonology is an approach to phonology that places corpora at the center of phonological research. Some practitioners of corpus phonology see corpora as the only object of ... More

Creole Languages  

Pieter Muysken

Online publication date:
Jun 2016
Creole languages have a curious status in linguistics, and at the same time they often have very low prestige in the societies in which they are spoken. These two facts may be related, in ... More

Cyclicity in Syntax  

Robert Freidin

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Subject:
Syntax
Cyclicity in syntax constitutes a property of derivations in which syntactic operations apply bottom-up in the production of ever larger constituents. The formulation of a principle of ... More

Defectiveness in Morphology  

Antonio Fábregas

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Morphological defectiveness refers to situations where one or more paradigmatic forms of a lexeme are not realized, without plausible syntactic, semantic, or phonological causes. The ... More

Deixis and Pragmatics  

William F. Hanks

Deictic expressions, like English ‘this, that, here, and there’ occur in all known human languages. They are typically used to individuate objects in the immediate context in which they are ... More

Dene-Yeniseian  

Edward Vajda

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Dene-Yeniseian is a proposed genealogical link between the widespread North American language family Na-Dene (Athabaskan, Eyak, Tlingit) and Yeniseian in central Siberia, represented today ... More

Denominal Verbs in Morphology  

Heike Baeskow

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
Denominal verbs are verbs formed from nouns by means of various word-formation processes such as derivation, conversion, or less common mechanisms like reduplication, change of pitch, or ... More

Deponency in Morphology  

Laura Grestenberger

Online publication date:
Sep 2019
Deponency refers to mismatches between morphological form and syntactic function (or “meaning”), such that a given morphological exponent appears in a syntactic environment that is ... More

Derivational Economy in Syntax and Semantics  

Željko Bošković and Troy Messick

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Subject:
Semantics, Syntax
Economy considerations have always played an important role in the generative theory of grammar. They are particularly prominent in the most recent instantiation of this approach, the ... More

Derivational Morphology  

Rochelle Lieber

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Derivational morphology is a type of word formation that creates new lexemes, either by changing syntactic category or by adding substantial new meaning (or both) to a free or bound base. ... More

Determiners  

Phoevos Panagiotidis

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Subject:
Semantics, Syntax
Determiners are a nominal syntactic category distinct from both adjectives and nouns; they constitute a functional (aka closed or ‘minor’) category and they are typically located high ... More

Dialectology  

Becky Childs

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
The field of dialectology, the study of the language of an area or group of people, has a long tradition within linguistics. From the earliest dialect studies, a focus on rigorous ... More

Diglossia in North Africa  

Lotfi Sayahi

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
Diglossia refers to a situation where two linguistic varieties coexist within a given speech community. One variety, labeled the ‘high variety’, is used in formal domains including ... More

Direct Perception of Speech  

Carol A. Fowler

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
The theory of speech perception as direct derives from a general direct-realist account of perception. A realist stance on perception is that perceiving enables occupants of an ecological ... More

Dispersion Theory and Phonology  

Edward Flemming

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Dispersion Theory concerns the constraints that govern contrasts, the phonetic differences that can distinguish words in a language. Specifically it posits that there are distinctiveness ... More

Displacement in Syntax  

Klaus Abels

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Displacement is a ubiquitous phenomenon in natural languages. Grammarians often speak of displacement in cases where the rules for the canonical word order of a language lead to the ... More

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