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Linguistics in Premodern India  

Émilie Aussant

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Indian linguistic thought begins around the 8th–6th centuries bce with the composition of Padapāṭhas (word-for-word recitation of Vedic texts where phonological rules generally are not ... More

Literature and Linguistics  

Nigel Fabb

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
The linguistic study of literature addresses the ways in which language is differently organized in verbal art (literature): form is added to language, altered, attenuated, and differently ... More

Locality in Syntax  

Adriana Belletti

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Phenomena involving the displacement of syntactic units are widespread in human languages. The term displacement refers here to a dependency relation whereby a given syntactic constituent ... More

Mande Languages  

Valentin Vydrin

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
Mande is a mid-range language family in Western Sub-Saharan Africa that includes 60 to 75 languages spoken by 30 to 40 million people. According to the glottochronological data, its ... More

Mayan Languages  

Nora C. England

Mayan languages are spoken by over 5 million people in Guatemala, Mexico, Belize, and Honduras. There are around 30 different languages today, ranging in size from fairly large (about a ... More

Meanings of Constructions  

Laura A. Michaelis

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Meanings are assembled in various ways in a construction-based grammar, and this array can be represented as a continuum of idiomaticity, a gradient of lexical fixity. Constructional ... More

Metrical Structure and Stress  

Matthew K. Gordon

Online publication date:
Jul 2016
Metrical structure refers to the phonological representations capturing the prominence relationships between syllables, usually manifested phonetically as differences in levels of stress. ... More

Middle English  

Cynthia L. Allen

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
Middle English is the name given to the English of the period from approximately 1100 to approximately 1450. This period is marked by substantial developments in all areas of English ... More

Missionary Dictionaries  

Otto Zwartjes

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Missionary dictionaries are printed books or manuscripts compiled by missionaries in which words are listed systematically followed by words which have the same meaning in another ... More

Missionary Grammars  

Otto Zwartjes

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Missionary grammars are printed books or manuscripts compiled by missionaries in which a particular language is described. These grammars were mainly written as pedagogical tools for ... More

Mixed Languages  

Felicity Meakins

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
Mixed languages are a rare category of contact language which has gone from being an oddity of contact linguistics to the subject of media excitement, at least for one mixed language—Light ... More

Models of Human Sentence Comprehension in Computational Psycholinguistics  

John Hale

Computational models of human sentence comprehension help researchers reason about how grammar might actually be used in the understanding process. Taking a cognitivist approach, this ... More

Morphological and Syntactical Variation and Change in Catalan  

Gemma Rigau and Manuel Pérez Saldanya

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Morphological Change  

Carola Trips

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Morphological change refers to change(s) in the structure of words. Since morphology is interrelated with phonology, syntax, and semantics, changes affecting the structure and properties ... More

Morphological Entities: Overview and General Issues  

Laurie Bauer

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
Subject:
Morphology
Some of the basic terminology for the major entities in morphological study is introduced, focusing on the word and elements within the word. This is done in a way which is deliberately ... More

Morphology and Phonotactics  

Maria Gouskova

Phonotactics is the study of restrictions on possible sound sequences in a language. In any language, some phonotactic constraints can be stated without reference to morphology, but many ... More

Morphology in Cognitive Linguistics  

Tore Nesset

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
Subject:
Morphology
Cognitive linguistics and morphology bear the promise of a happy marriage. Cognitive linguistics provides theoretical concepts and analytical tools for empirical analysis, while morphology ... More

The Morphology of Uralic Languages  

Anna Sörés

Subject:
Morphology
This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

The Morphology of Yam Languages  

Matthew J. Carroll

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics. Please check back later for the full article. The ... More

Morpho-Phonological Processes in Korean  

Jongho Jun

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
It has been an ongoing issue within generative linguistics how to properly analyze morpho-phonological processes. Morpho-phonological processes typically have exceptions, but nonetheless ... More

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