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Language and Linguistics in Medieval Europe  

Deborah Hayden

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
During the period from the fall of the Roman empire in the late 5th century to the beginning of the European Renaissance in the 14th century, the development of linguistic thought in ... More

Language and Linguistics in Pre-Modern China and East Asia  

Lei Zhu

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Traditional Chinese linguistics grew out of two distinct interests in language: the philosophical reflection on things and their names, and the practical concern for literacy education and ... More

Language and Social Hierarchy in West Africa  

Judith T. Irvine

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
In the indigenous sociolinguistic systems of West Africa, an important way of expressing—and creating—social hierarchy in interaction is through intermediaries: third parties, through whom ... More

Language Contact in the Sahara  

Lameen Souag

Online publication date:
Jun 2016
As might be expected from the difficulty of traversing it, the Sahara Desert has been a fairly effective barrier to direct contact between its two edges; trans-Saharan language contact is ... More

The Language of the Economy and Business in the Romance Languages  

Franz Rainer

The expression language of the economy and business refers to an extremely heterogeneous linguistic reality. For some, it denotes all text and talk produced by economic agents in the ... More

Language Revitalization  

Aidan Pine and Mark Turin

The world is home to an extraordinary level of linguistic diversity, with roughly 7,000 languages currently spoken and signed. Yet this diversity is highly unstable and is being rapidly ... More

Languages of the Balkans  

Victor A. Friedman

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
The Balkan languages were the first group of languages whose similarities were explained in modern linguistic terms as a result of language contact rather than as a result of descent from ... More

Languages of the World  

William R. Leben

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
About 7,000 languages are spoken around the world today. The actual number depends on where the line is drawn between language and dialect—an arbitrary decision, because languages are ... More

Learnability and Learning Algorithms in Phonology  

Anne-Michelle Tessier

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Phonological learnability deals with the formal properties of phonological languages and grammars, which are combined with algorithms that attempt to learn the language-specific aspects of ... More

Lexical Acquisition and the Structure of the Mental Lexicon  

Eve V. Clark

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
The words and word-parts children acquire at different stages offer insights into how the mental lexicon might be organized. Children first identify ‘words,’ recurring sequences of sounds, ... More

Lexicalization in Morphology  

Martin Hilpert

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
Subject:
Morphology
The term lexicalization describes the addition of new open-class elements to a repository of holistically processed linguistic units. At the basis of lexicalization are word-formation ... More

Lexical Semantic Framework for Morphology  

Marios Andreou

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
The central goal of the Lexical Semantic Framework (LSF) is to characterize the meaning of simple lexemes and affixes and to show how these meanings can be integrated in the creation of ... More

Lexical Semantics  

Dirk Geeraerts

Online publication date:
Jan 2017
Subject:
Semantics
Lexical semantics is the study of word meaning. Descriptively speaking, the main topics studied within lexical semantics involve either the internal semantic structure of words, or the ... More

Linguistic Landscape of Ethiopia  

Elizabeth Lanza and Hirut Woldemariam

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
The linguistic landscape (henceforth LL) has proven to be a fruitful approach for investigating various societal dimensions of written language use in the public sphere. First introduced ... More

Linguistics in Premodern India  

Émilie Aussant

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Indian linguistic thought begins around the 8th–6th centuries bce with the composition of Padapāṭhas (word-for-word recitation of Vedic texts where phonological rules generally are not ... More

Literature and Linguistics  

Nigel Fabb

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
The linguistic study of literature addresses the ways in which language is differently organized in verbal art (literature): form is added to language, altered, attenuated, and differently ... More

Locality in Syntax  

Adriana Belletti

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Phenomena involving the displacement of syntactic units are widespread in human languages. The term displacement refers here to a dependency relation whereby a given syntactic constituent ... More

Mande-Atlantic Contacts  

Konstantin Pozdniakov, Guillaume Segerer, and Valentin Vydrin

Online publication date:
May 2019
The Atlantic family includes 40 to 50 languages spoken in the coastal countries of West Africa, from southern Mauritania to Liberia; the Fula language of the Fulbe people is dispersed over ... More

Mande Languages  

Valentin Vydrin

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
Mande is a mid-range language family in Western Sub-Saharan Africa that includes 60 to 75 languages spoken by 30 to 40 million people. According to the glottochronological data, its ... More

Mayan Languages  

Nora C. England

Mayan languages are spoken by over 5 million people in Guatemala, Mexico, Belize, and Honduras. There are around 30 different languages today, ranging in size from fairly large (about a ... More

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