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The Acquisition of Color Words  

Katie Wagner and David Barner

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Human experience of color results from a complex interplay of perceptual and linguistic systems. At the lowest level of perception, the human visual system transforms the visible light ... More

Acquisition of Pragmatics  

Myrto Grigoroglou and Anna Papafragou

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
To become competent communicators, children need to learn that what a speaker means often goes beyond the literal meaning of what the speaker says. The acquisition of pragmatics as a field ... More

Audiovisual Speech Perception and the McGurk Effect  

Lawrence D. Rosenblum

Online publication date:
Aug 2019
Research on visual and audiovisual speech information has profoundly influenced the fields of psycholinguistics, perception psychology, and cognitive neuroscience. Visual speech findings ... More

Cognitively Oriented Theories of Meaning  

Peter Gärdenfors

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
There are two main theoretical traditions in semantics. One is based on realism, where meanings are described as relations between language and the world, often in terms of truth ... More

Defectiveness in Morphology  

Antonio Fábregas

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Morphological defectiveness refers to situations where one or more paradigmatic forms of a lexeme are not realized, without plausible syntactic, semantic, or phonological causes. The ... More

Deixis and Pragmatics  

William F. Hanks

Deictic expressions, like English ‘this, that, here, and there’ occur in all known human languages. They are typically used to individuate objects in the immediate context in which they are ... More

Direct Perception of Speech  

Carol A. Fowler

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
The theory of speech perception as direct derives from a general direct-realist account of perception. A realist stance on perception is that perceiving enables occupants of an ecological ... More

Experimental Pragmatics  

Florian Schwarz

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
While both pragmatic theory and experimental investigations of language using psycholinguistic methods have been well-established subfields in the language sciences for a long time, the ... More

Experimental Semiotics  

Bruno Galantucci

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Experimental Semiotics (ES) is a burgeoning new discipline aimed at investigating in the laboratory the development of novel forms of human communication. Conceptually connected to ... More

Game Theory in Pragmatics: Evolution, Rationality, and Reasoning  

Michael Franke

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Game theory provides formal means of representing and explaining action choices in social decision situations where the choices of one participant depend on the choices of another. Game ... More

Humor in Language  

Salvatore Attardo

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Interest in the linguistics of humor is widespread and dates since classical times. Several theoretical models have been proposed to describe and explain the function of humor in language. ... More

Ideophones (Mimetics, Expressives)  

Kimi Akita and Mark Dingemanse

Online publication date:
May 2019
Ideophones, also termed mimetics or expressives, are marked words that depict sensory imagery. They are found in many of the world’s languages, and sizable lexical classes of ideophones are ... More

Innateness of Language  

Yarden Kedar

Online publication date:
Jun 2019
A fundamental question in epistemological philosophy is whether reason may be based on a priori knowledge—that is, knowledge that precedes and which is independent of experience. In modern ... More

Learning and Using Morphology and Morphosyntax in a Second Language  

Laurie Beth Feldman and Judith F. Kroll

Online publication date:
Nov 2019
We summarize findings from across a range of methods, including behavioral measures of overall processing speed and accuracy, electrophysiological indices that tap into the early time ... More

Models of Human Sentence Comprehension in Computational Psycholinguistics  

John Hale

Computational models of human sentence comprehension help researchers reason about how grammar might actually be used in the understanding process. Taking a cognitivist approach, this ... More

Paradigms in Morphology  

Petar Milin and James P. Blevins

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
Studies of the structure and function of paradigms are as old as the Western grammatical tradition. The central role accorded to paradigms in traditional approaches largely reflects the ... More

Pragmatics and Language Evolution  

Marieke Woensdregt and Kenny Smith

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Pragmatics is the branch of linguistics that deals with language use in context. It looks at the meaning linguistic utterances can have beyond their literal meaning (implicature), and also ... More

Psycholinguistic Methods and Tasks in Morphology  

Daniel Schmidtke and Victor Kuperman

Lexical representations in an individual mind are not given to direct scrutiny. Thus, in their theorizing of mental representations, researchers must rely on observable and measurable ... More

Quantitative Methods in Morphology: Corpora and Other “Big Data” Approaches  

Marco Marelli

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
Corpora are an all-important resource in linguistics, as they constitute the primary source for large-scale examples of language usage. This has been even more evident in recent years, with ... More

Relevance Theory  

Deirdre Wilson

Online publication date:
Sep 2019
Relevance theory is a cognitive approach to pragmatics which starts from two broadly Gricean assumptions: (a) that much human communication, both verbal and non-verbal, involves the overt ... More

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