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Argument Realization in Syntax  

Malka Rappaport Hovav

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Words are sensitive to syntactic context. Argument realization is the study of the relation between argument-taking words, the syntactic contexts they appear in and the interpretive ... More

Blocking  

Franz Rainer

Blocking can be defined as the non-occurrence of some linguistic form, whose existence could be expected on general grounds, due to the existence of a rival form. *Oxes, for example, is ... More

Bracketing Paradoxes in Morphology  

Heather Newell

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
Bracketing paradoxes—constructions whose morphosyntactic and morpho-phonological structures appear to be irreconcilably at odds (e.g., unhappier)—are unanimously taken to point to truths ... More

Case  

Andrej L. Malchukov

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Morphological case is conventionally defined as a system of marking of a dependent nominal for the type of relationship they bear to their heads. While most linguists would agree with this ... More

Computational Phonology  

Jane Chandlee and Jeffrey Heinz

Computational phonology studies the nature of the computations necessary and sufficient for characterizing phonological knowledge. As a field it is informed by the theories of computation ... More

Connectionism in Linguistic Theory  

Xiaowei Zhao

Online publication date:
Jan 2017
Connectionism is an important theoretical framework for the study of human cognition and behavior. Also known as Parallel Distributed Processing (PDP) or Artificial Neural Networks (ANN), ... More

Construction Morphology  

Geert Booij

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Construction Morphology is a theory of word structure in which the complex words of a language are analyzed as constructions, that is, systematic pairings of form and meaning. These ... More

Deixis and Pragmatics  

William F. Hanks

Deictic expressions, like English ‘this, that, here, and there’ occur in all known human languages. They are typically used to individuate objects in the immediate context in which they ... More

Denominal Verbs in Morphology  

Heike Baeskow

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
Denominal verbs are verbs formed from nouns by means of various word-formation processes such as derivation, conversion, or less common mechanisms like reduplication, change of pitch, or ... More

Displacement in Syntax  

Klaus Abels

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Displacement is a ubiquitous phenomenon in natural languages. Grammarians often speak of displacement in cases where the rules for the canonical word order of a language lead to the ... More

Distributed Morphology  

Jonathan David Bobaljik

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Distributed Morphology (DM) is a framework in theoretical morphology, characterized by two core tenets: (i) that the internal hierarchical structure of words is, in the first instance, ... More

Event/Result in Morphology  

Artemis Alexiadou

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
This article revisits Grimshaw's (1990) tripartition of nominalization, which introduced an important correlation between particular types of nominalization and the readings associated ... More

Exoskeletal Versus Endoskeletal Approaches in Morphology  

Víctor Acedo-Matellán

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
A fundamental difference in theoretical models of morphology and, particularly, of the syntax–morphology interface is that between endoskeletal and exoskeletal approaches. In the former, ... More

Ferdinand de Saussure  

John E. Joseph

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Ferdinand de Saussure (1857–1913), the founding figure of modern linguistics, made his mark on the field with a book he published a month after his 21st birthday, in which he proposed a ... More

A History of Creole Studies  

Silvio Moreira de Sousa, Johannes Mücke, and Philipp Krämer

As an institutionalized subfield of academic research, Creole studies (or Creolistics) emerged in the second half of the 20th century on the basis of pioneering works in the last decades ... More

Hmong-Mien Languages  

David R. Mortensen

Online publication date:
May 2017
Hmong-Mien (also known as Miao-Yao) is a bipartite family of minority languages spoken primarily in China and mainland Southeast Asia. The two branches, called Hmongic and Mienic by most ... More

Idioms and Phraseology  

M. Teresa Espinal and Jaume Mateu

Online publication date:
May 2019
Idioms, conceived as fixed multi-word expressions that conceptually encode non-compositional meaning, are linguistic units that raise a number of questions relevant in the study of ... More

Inflectional Morphology  

Gregory Stump

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Inflection is the systematic relation between words’ morphosyntactic content and their morphological form; as such, the phenomenon of inflection raises fundamental questions about the ... More

Innateness of Language  

Yarden Kedar

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics. Please check back later for the full article. The ... More

Japanese Psycholinguistics  

Mineharu Nakayama

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
The Japanese psycholinguistics research field is moving rapidly in many different directions as it includes various sub-linguistics fields (e.g., phonetics/phonology, syntax, semantics, ... More

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