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date: 24 July 2024

Garland, Hamlinlocked

Garland, Hamlinlocked

  • Jen Hirt


A prolific author whose early writings established him as a promising realist in American literature, Hannibal Hamlin Garland, who went by his middle name, was born on a farm in West Salem, Wisconsin, on 4 September 1860. His family moved around the Middle Border, now known as the Midwest, before settling in Mitchell County, Iowa, in 1876. Garland graduated from the Cedar Valley Seminary in 1881. When his parents and siblings moved to Brown County in Dakota Territory, Garland decided to pursue teaching. In 1882, he taught in Morris, Illinois, while also tending land. Despite his experience with the grueling rigors of nineteenth-century farm life, Garland mortgaged the land for $200 and left in 1884 for the culture and variety of Boston. A regular patron of the public library and an astute, disciplined learner, he was hired in 1885 at the Boston School of Oratory. He was an avid reader of contemporary literature, studying Henrik Ibsen and William Dean Howells. Harper's Weekly and the Boston Evening Transcript paid well for his early work.


  • North American Literatures

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