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Rich, Adrienne  

Claire Keyes

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Adrienne Rich has earned a place in American literature as the leading feminist poet of the twentieth century. Most critics agree that she has accomplished what no woman writer has done ... More

Right-Wing Literature in the United States since the 1960s  

Carol Mason

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Examining fiction and nonfiction written explicitly by and for members of right-wing movements provides a deeper understanding of points of affinity as well as contention in the midst of ... More

Robinson, Edwin Arlington  

Scott Donaldson

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Edwin Arlington Robinson (1869–1935) was the first great modernist American poet. He grew up during a period of prettified poetry and rejected its archaisms and artificialities out of hand. ... More

Rodriguez, Richard  

Juan Velasco

The overwhelming critical attention received by Richard Rodriguez’s Hunger of Memory: The Education of Richard Rodriguez (1982) has eclipsed the complexity and diversity of his work as well ... More

Roethke, Theodore  

Gerry Cambridge

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Not long before his premature deathin 1963 at the age of fifty-five, Theodore Roethke (pronounced “Rett-key”) gave a reading in Seattle, which was reported in the local press anonymously ... More

Roth, Henry  

Lani Wolf

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Henry Roth, one of the twentieth century's most important Jewish authors, is known primarily for his first novel and masterpiece, Call It Sleep (1934), the story of a young Jewish boy named ... More

Roth, Philip  

William H. Pritchard

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Philip Roth's literary career is extra-ordinary in a number of ways other than its continued production of surprising, vital, imaginative works. It began when his first book, Goodbye, ... More

de Burton, María Amparo Ruiz  

Beatrice Pita

The novels The Squatter and the Don (1885) and Who Would Have Thought It? (1872), written by María Amparo Ruiz de Burton (1832–1895), are the first novels written in English from the pen ... More

Rukeyser, Muriel  

Jan Heller Levi

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Muriel Rukeyser's category-defying work has yet to be fully acknowledged and integrated in the canon of twentieth-century American literature. For a continually growing audience, however, ... More

The Salem Witch Trials  

Abram C. Van Engen

The Salem witch trials have gripped American imaginations ever since they occurred in 1692. At the end of the 17th century, after years of mostly resisting witch hunts and witch trial ... More

Salinas, Raúl  

Louis G. Mendoza

The poetry, memoirs, essays, letters, prison journalism, and other forms of writing by Raúl Salinas (1934–2008) were grounded in his commitments to social justice and human rights. He was ... More

Salinger, J. D.  

Brian Henry

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
J. D. Salinger's biography is in many ways a nonbiography, for the writer's fiercely defended privacy has thwarted nearly all biographical efforts since the 1950s. Thus, the information ... More

Sandburg, Carl  

Robert M. Dowling

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Carl Sandburg was a poet, political activist, journalist, biographer, historian, traveling troubadour, honorary Ph.D. many times over, and two-time winner of the Pulitzer Prize. He ... More

Satire  

Emmett Stinson

Although scholars generally agree that satire cannot be defined in a categorical or exhaustive way, there is a consensus regarding its major features: satire is a mode, rather than a genre; ... More

Scandal  

Tarek El-Ariss

Online publication date:
May 2020
What does scandal designate? Is it a narrative of moral outrage, a titillating spectacle of shame, or a violation that simultaneously unsettles and consolidates norms and traditions? ... More

Schwartz, Delmore  

Frederick Ethan Fischer

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Delmore Schwartz was the poet of nighttime New York, who at age twenty-five published In Dreams Begin Responsibilities (1938), a collection of poems, a verse drama, and the title story, to ... More

Science Fiction  

Gerry Canavan

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Science fiction (SF) emerges as a distinct literary and cultural genre out of a familiar set of world-famous texts ranging from Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein (1818) to Gene Roddenberry’s Star ... More

The Scottish Printing Diaspora, 1840–1914  

David Finkelstein

Migration was a key tool for building the social, cultural, and economic infrastructures of the “British Dominions” throughout the 19th and 20th centuries. Between 1840 and 1940, an ... More

The Second Sino-Japanese War, World War II, and Asian American Antifascism  

Christopher Vials

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
For most of the Asian and Asian American writers published in the United States from 1937–1946, “fascism” was the most salient, global state of emergency, not the Japanese American ... More

Seguín, Juan Nepomuceno  

Jesús F. de la Teja

Juan Nepomuceno Seguín (1806–1890) was the leading Mexican-Texan military figure of the Texas Revolution (1835–1836) to participate on the Texas side of the struggle. He was the only ... More

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