The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Literature

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Literature

The Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Literature features 290 entries from The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Literature edited by Jay Parini. Published in 2004, this four-volume set gathers together concise and accessible essays on writers and movements that illuminate the richness of American literature from the 1600s to the present.

 

Choice Outstanding Academic Title (2004)

Pennsylvania School Librarians Association "Best Reference Title" (2004)

Library Journal Best Reference list (2004)

 

Updated Entries

More than fifty contributors are revising their entries to incorporate new materials and reflect current research trends. Updated articles undergo rigorous peer review prior to publication on the website of the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Literature.

 

Articles

Academic Novels (Rob Morris)
Adams, Henry (Edward Halsey Foster)
Agee, James (Donna Seaman)
Aiken, Conrad (Arnold E. Sabatelli)
Albee, Edward (Victoria D. Sullivan)
Alcott, Louisa May (Angela M. Garcia)
Alger, Horatio (Glen Hendler)
Algren, Nelson (Bill Savage)
Alvarez, Julia (Kathrine Varnes)
American Nature Writing (Kristine Yohe)
Ammons, A. R. (Aaron K. DiFranco)
Anderson, Sherwood (Aaron K. DiFranco)
Angelou, Maya (Stefanie K. Dunning)
Ashbery, John (Susan M. Schultz)
Auden, W. H. (Philip Hobsbaum)
Baldwin, James (Greg Miller)
Banks, Russell (Lani Wolf)
Barnes, Djuna (Joy Arbor)
Barthelme, Donald (Ian Bickford)
Barth, John (Ian Bickford)
The Beat Movement (Chuck Carlise)
Beattie, Ann (Donna Seaman)
Bellow, Saul (Sanford Pinsker)
Benét, Stephen Vincent (Paul Johnston)
Berryman, John (Philip Hobsbaum)
Berry, Wendell (Aaron K. DiFranco)
Bierce, Ambrose (Molly McQuade)
Bishop, Elizabeth (Tyler Hoffman)
Black Arts Movement (William R. Nash)
Black Mountain Poetry (Lacy Schutz)
Bradstreet, Anne (Daniel G. Brayton)
Brodkey, Harold (Philip Bufithis)
Brooks, Gwendolyn (William R. Nash)
Buck, Pearl S. (Amanda Fields)
Bukowski, Charles (Mark Conway)
Burroughs, William S. (Chuck Carlise)
Capote, Truman (Charles Robert Baker)
Carver, Raymond (James P. Austin)
Cather, Willa (Susan J. Rosowski)
Cheever, John (Scott Donaldson)
Chesnutt, Charles W. (Robert M. Dowling)
Chicago Renaissance (Molly McQuade)
Chopin, Kate (Robin Kemp)
Collins, Billy (Mark Conway)
Confessional Poetry (Philip Hobsbaum)
Cooper, James Fenimore (Charles Robert Baker)
Crane, Hart (Cornelius Browne)
Crane, Stephen (Mark Richardson)
Creeley, Robert (Lacy Schutz)
Cummings, E. E. (Kate Cone)
Dana, Richard Henry (Richard Everett)
Delillo, Don (Joseph Dewey)
de Tocqueville, Alexis (Kathryn W. Kemp)
H. D. (Doolittle, Hilda) (Mark Richardson)
Dickey, James (Henry Hart)
Dickinson, Emily (Molly McQuade)
Didion, Joan (Joy Arbor)
Dillard, Annie (Ian Bickford)
Doctorow, E. L. (Patrick A. Smith)
Dos Passos, John (Robert M. Dowling)
Douglass, Frederick (Mark Richardson)
Dreiser, Theodore (Jerome Loving)
Du Bois, W. E. B. (Mark Richardson)
Dunbar, Paul Laurence (Sheldon W. Liebman)
Edwards, Jonathan (Jane Beal)
Eliot, T. S. (Philip Hobsbaum)
Elkin, Stanley (David Ryan)
Ellison, Ralph (William R. Nash)
Emerson, Ralph Waldo (Sheldon W. Liebman)
Erdrich, Louise (Amanda Fields)
The Essay in America (Jenny Spinner)
Faulkner, William (Sheldon W. Liebman)
The Fireside Poets (William Bedford Clark)
Fitzgerald, F. Scott (Paul Sullivan)
Ford, Richard (Brian Henry)
Franklin, Benjamin (H. W. Brands)
Freneau, Philip (Theresa M. Welford)
Frost, Robert (Tyler Hoffman)
Gardner, John (Tanya E. C. Jarvik)
Garland, Hamlin (Tanya E. C. Jarvik)
Gay Literature: Poetry and Prose (Edward Halsey Foster)
Ginsberg, Allen (Chuck Carlise)
Gioia, Dana (Mark Royden Winchell)
Glasgow, Ellen (Susan Goodman)
Glück, Louise (Janna King)
Gunn, Thom (Theresa M. Welford)
Hacker, Marilyn (Yerra Sugarman)
Hapgood, Hutchins (Robert M. Dowling)
Harlem Renaissance (William R. Nash)
Harte, Bret (Nicolas S. Witschi)
Hawthorne, Nathaniel (Alfred Bendixen)
Hayden Carruth (Mark Conway)
Hayden, Robert (Alfred Bendixen)
Hecht, Anthony (Gerry Cambridge)
Heller, Joseph (Pauls Toutonghi)
Hellman, Lillian (William Terrell Wright)
Hemingway, Ernest (Charles Robert Baker)
Henry, O. (Robert M. Dowling)
Hoagland, Edward (Michael Rosovsky)
Howard, Richard (Benjamin Ivry)
Howells, William Dean (Susan Goodman)
Hughes, Langston (J. D. Scrimgeour)
Hugo, Richard (Lacy Schutz)
Hurston, Zora Neale (Susan Butterworth)
Irving, John (Gerry Cambridge)
Irving, Washington (Charles Robert Baker)
Italian American Literature (Thomas J. Ferraro)
Jackson, Laura Riding (Anett Jessop)
James, Henry (Jonathan Freedman)
Jarrell, Randall (Philip Hobsbaum)
Jeffers, Robinson (Gerry Cambridge)
Jewett, Sarah Orne (Karen L. Kilcup)
Jewish American Fiction (Morris Dickstein)
Jong, Erica (Robert Niemi)
Jordan, June (Zack Rogow)
Justice, Donald (Emily R. Grosholz)
Kazin, Alfred (Zack Rogow)
Kees, Weldon (Brett C. Millier)
Kennedy, William (Lani Wolf)
Kerouac, Jack (Ian Bickford)
Kincaid, Jamaica (Greg Miller)
King, Stephen (Kathleen A. Heininge)
Kingston, Maxine Hong (Kella Svetich)
Kinnell, Galway (Sean McDonnell)
Kunitz, Stanley (Paul Johnston)
Kushner, Tony (Josef Raab)
Lardner, Ring (John Burt)
Lazarus, Emma (Yerra Sugarman)
Levertov, Denise (Lacy Schutz)
Levine, Philip (Christopher Buckley)
Lewis, Sinclair (Richard Lingeman)
Lindsay, Vachel (Matthew J. Caballero)
Little Magazines (Michael Barsanti)
London, Jack (Nancy Bunge)
The Long Poem (Burton Hatlen)
Lopez, Barry (Paul Johnston)
Lowell, Amy (Joy Arbor)
Lowell, Robert (Henry Hart)
Loy, Mina (Anett Jessop)
Mailer, Norman (J. Michael Lennon)
Malamud, Bernard (Sanford Pinsker)
Mamet, David (J. Chris Westgate)
Masters, Edgar Lee (Matthew J. Caballero)
Mather, Cotton (Adam Scott Miller)
Matthews, William (Matthew J. Caballero)
Matthiessen, Peter (Patrick A. Smith)
McCarthy, Cormac (Kimberly Lewis)
McCarthy, Mary (Wendy Martin, Sharon Becker)
McClatchy, J. D. (Heather Stephenson)
McCullers, Carson (Louis H. Palmer III)
McNally, Terrence (Karma Waltonen)
McPhee, John (Jan Goggans, Ethan King)
Melville, Herman (Benjamin Ivry)
Mencken, H. L. (Edward A. (Sandy) Martin)
Merrill, James (Willard Spiegelman)
Merwin, W. S. (Sean McDonnell)
Metafiction (Jerome Klinkowitz)
Millay, Edna St. Vincent (Gerry Cambridge)
Miller, Arthur (Philip Parry)
Miller, Henry (David Ryan)
Momaday, N. Scott (Arnold E. Sabatelli)
Moore, Marianne (Brett C. Millier)
Morrison, Toni (Erik Kongshaug)
Nabokov, Vladimir (Ellen Pifer)
Naturalism and Realism (Gary Scharnhorst)
Nature Writing: Poetry (Aaron K. DiFranco)
Naylor, Gloria (Amanda Fields)
The New Critics (Philip Hobsbaum)
The New Formalism (Gerry Cambridge)
The New Journalism (Danielle Hinrichs)
New York School of Poets (Catherine Daly)
Norris, Frank (Nicolas S. Witschi)
Oates, Joyce Carol (Maile Chapman)
O'Brien, Tim (Judith Kitchen)
O'Connor, Flannery (Susan Balée)
O'Hara, John (James P. Austin)
Olds, Sharon (Janet McCann)
O'Neill, Eugene (Philip Parry)
Ostriker, Alicia (Rachel Barenblat)
Ozick, Cynthia (Elaine M. Kauvar)
Paley, Grace (Ellen McGrath Smith)
Parker, Dorothy (Joy Arbor)
Pinsky, Robert (James Longenbach)
Plath, Sylvia (Caitriona O'Reilly)
Poe, Edgar Allan (Thomas Wright)
Ponsot, Marie (Marilyn Hacker)
Popular Fiction (John Sutherland)
Porter, Katherine Anne (Denise Larrabee)
Pound, Ezra (Michael Coyle)
Proletarian Literature (Frederick Ethan Fischer)
Prose, Francine (Lani Wolf)
Proulx, Annie (Robert M. Dowling)
Pynchon, Thomas (David Ryan)
Ransom, John Crowe (Gerry Cambridge)
Reed, Ishmael (Lynn Orilla Scott)
Rich, Adrienne (Claire Keyes)
Robinson, Edwin Arlington (Scott Donaldson)
Roethke, Theodore (Gerry Cambridge)
Roth, Henry (Lani Wolf)
Roth, Philip (William H. Pritchard)
Rukeyser, Muriel (Robert Niemi)
Salinger, J. D. (Brian Henry)
Sandburg, Carl (Robert M. Dowling)
Schwartz, Delmore (Frederick Ethan Fischer)
XScience Fiction in AmericaX (Vincent Standley)
Sentimental Literature (Mary Louise Kete)
Sexton, Anne (Ellen McGrath Smith)
Shepard, Sam (Philip Parry)
Silko, Leslie Marmon (Amanda Fields)
Simic, Charles (Henry Hart)
Singer, Isaac Bashevis (James A. Lewin)
Smith, Dave (Kimberly Lewis)
Snyder, Gary (Aaron K. DiFranco)
Soto, Gary (Steven P. Schneider)
Stafford, Jean (Christopher Jane Corkery)
Stafford, William (Robin Kemp)
Stegner, Wallace (Lani Wolf)
Steinbeck, John (Stephen K. George)
Stein, Gertrude (Dina Ripsman Eylon)
Stern, Gerald (Kimberly Lewis)
Stevenson, Anne (Emily R. Grosholz)
Stevens, Wallace (James Longenbach)
Stone, Robert (Cates Baldridge)
Stowe, Harriet Beecher (Lorinda B. Cohoon)
Strand, Mark (Andrew Zawacki)
Styron, William (Paul Sullivan)
Swenson, May (Joy Arbor)
Tarkington, Booth (Charles Robert Baker)
Tate, Allen (Edward Halsey Foster)
Tate, James (Arnold E. Sabatelli)
Taylor, Edward (Adam Scott Miller)
Taylor, Peter (Robert Wilson)
Theater in America (Chuck Carlise)
Thoreau, Henry David (Thomas S. Hart)
Thurber, James (Pegge Bochynski)
Trilling, Lionel (Sanford Pinsker)
Twain, Mark (Ron Powers)
Updike, John (Patricia B. Heaman)
Very, Jones (Gerry Cambridge)
Vidal, Gore (Jay Parini)
Vonnegut, Kurt (Jerome Klinkowitz)
Walcott, Derek (Gerry Cambridge)
Walker, Alice (Stefanie K. Dunning)
War Literature (Pauls Toutonghi)
Warren, Robert Penn (Arnold E. Sabatelli)
Welty, Eudora (Wendy Martin)
West Coast School (Catherine Daly)
West, Nathanael (Jane Goldman)
Wharton, Edith (Jan Goggans)
Wheatley, Phillis (John A. Bertolini)
White, E. B. (Arnold E. Sabatelli)
White, Edmund (Jerry Phillips)
Whitman, Walt (Jerome Loving)
Wideman, John Edgar (Arnold E. Sabatelli)
Wilbur, Richard (Gerry Cambridge)
Wilder, Thornton (Philip Parry)
Williams, Tennessee (Patrick Colm Hogan)
Wilson, August (Josef Raab)
Wilson, Edmund (Melissa Knox)
Wolfe, Thomas (Mark Royden Winchell)
Wolff, Tobias (Pauls Toutonghi)
Wright, Charles (Henry Hart)
Wright, James (Gerry Cambridge)
Wright, Richard (Mark Richardson)