The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Literature

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Literature

The Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Literature features 290 entries from The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Literature edited by Jay Parini. Published in 2004, this four-volume set gathers together concise and accessible essays on writers and movements that illuminate the richness of American literature from the 1600s to the present.

 

Choice Outstanding Academic Title (2004)

Pennsylvania School Librarians Association "Best Reference Title" (2004)

Library Journal Best Reference list (2004)

 

Updated Entries

More than fifty contributors are revising their entries to incorporate new materials and reflect current research trends. Updated articles undergo rigorous peer review prior to publication on the website of the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Literature.

 

Articles

Academic Novels (Rob Morris)
Adams, Henry (Edward Halsey Foster)
Agee, James (Donna Seaman)
Aiken, Conrad (Arnold E. Sabatelli)
Albee, Edward (Victoria D. Sullivan)
Alcott, Louisa May (Angela M. Garcia)
Alger, Horatio (Glen Hendler)
Algren, Nelson (Bill Savage)
Alvarez, Julia (Kathrine Varnes)
The American Essay (Jenny Spinner)
Ammons, A. R. (Aaron K. DiFranco)
Anderson, Sherwood (Nancy Bunge)
Angelou, Maya (Stefanie K. Dunning)
Anne Bradstreet (Wendy Martin)
Ashbery, John (Susan M. Schultz)
Auden, W. H. (Philip Hobsbaum)
Baldwin, James (Greg Miller)
Banks, Russell (Lani Wolf)
Barnes, Djuna (Joy Arbor)
Barthelme, Donald (Ian Bickford)
Barth, John (Ian Bickford)
The Beat Movement (Chuck Carlise)
Beattie, Ann (Donna Seaman)
Bellow, Saul (Sanford Pinsker)
Benét, Stephen Vincent (Paul Johnston)
Berryman, John (Philip Hobsbaum)
Berry, Wendell (Aaron K. DiFranco)
Bierce, Ambrose (Molly McQuade)
Bishop, Elizabeth (Tyler Hoffman)
Black Arts Movement (William R. Nash)
Black Mountain Poetry (Lacy Schutz)
Brodkey, Harold (Philip Bufithis)
Brooks, Gwendolyn (William R. Nash)
Buck, Pearl S. (Amanda Fields)
Bukowski, Charles (Mark Conway)
Burroughs, William S. (Chuck Carlise)
Capote, Truman (Charles Robert Baker)
Carver, Raymond (James P. Austin)
Cather, Willa (Susan J. Rosowski)
Cheever, John (Scott Donaldson)
Chesnutt, Charles W. (Robert M. Dowling)
Chicago Renaissance (Molly McQuade)
Chopin, Kate (Robin Kemp)
Collins, Billy (Mark Conway)
Confessional Poetry (Philip Hobsbaum)
Cooper, James Fenimore (Charles Robert Baker)
Crane, Hart (Cornelius Browne)
Crane, Stephen (Mark Richardson)
Creeley, Robert (Lacy Schutz)
Cummings, E. E. (Kate Cone)
Dana, Richard Henry (Richard Everett)
Delillo, Don (Joseph Dewey)
de Tocqueville, Alexis (Kathryn W. Kemp)
H. D. (Doolittle, Hilda) (Mark Richardson)
Dickey, James (Henry Hart)
Dickinson, Emily (Molly McQuade)
Didion, Joan (Joy Arbor)
Dillard, Annie (Ian Bickford)
Doctorow, E. L. (Patrick A. Smith)
Dos Passos, John (Robert M. Dowling)
Douglass, Frederick (Mark Richardson)
Dreiser, Theodore (Jerome Loving)
Du Bois, W. E. B. (Mark Richardson)
Dunbar, Paul Laurence (David L. Dudley)
Edwards, Jonathan (Jane Beal)
Eliot, T. S. (Philip Hobsbaum)
Elkin, Stanley (David Ryan)
Ellison, Ralph (William R. Nash)
Emerson, Ralph Waldo (Sheldon W. Liebman)
Erdrich, Louise (Amanda Fields)
Faulkner, William (Charles Hannon, Ethan King)
The Fireside Poets (Paul Johnston)
Fitzgerald, F. Scott (Paul Sullivan)
Ford, Richard (Brian Henry)
Franklin, Benjamin (H. W. Brands)
Freneau, Philip (Theresa M. Welford)
Frost, Robert (Tyler Hoffman)
Gardner, John (Tanya E. C. Jarvik)
Garland, Hamlin (Jen Hirt)
Gay Literature: Poetry and Prose (Edward Halsey Foster)
Ginsberg, Allen (Chuck Carlise)
Gioia, Dana (Mark Royden Winchell)
Glasgow, Ellen (Susan Goodman)
Glück, Louise (Janna King)
Gunn, Thom (Theresa M. Welford)
Hacker, Marilyn (Yerra Sugarman)
Hapgood, Hutchins (Robert M. Dowling)
Harlem Renaissance (William R. Nash)
Harte, Bret (Nicolas S. Witschi)
Hawthorne, Nathaniel (Alfred Bendixen)
Hayden Carruth (Mark Conway)
Hayden, Robert (Christopher Buck, Derik Smith)
Hecht, Anthony (Gerry Cambridge)
Heller, Joseph (Pauls Toutonghi)
Hellman, Lillian (William Terrell Wright)
Hemingway, Ernest (Charles Robert Baker)
Henry, O. (Robert M. Dowling)
Hoagland, Edward (Michael Rosovsky)
Howard, Richard (Benjamin Ivry)
Howells, William Dean (Susan Goodman)
Hughes, Langston (J. D. Scrimgeour)
Hugo, Richard (Lacy Schutz)
Hurston, Zora Neale (Susan Butterworth)
Irving, John (Laurie Champion)
Irving, Washington (Charles Robert Baker)
Italian American Literature (Thomas J. Ferraro)
Jackson, Laura Riding (Anett Jessop)
James, Henry (Jonathan Freedman)
Jarrell, Randall (Philip Hobsbaum)
Jeffers, Robinson (Gerry Cambridge)
Jewett, Sarah Orne (Karen L. Kilcup)
Jewish American Fiction (Morris Dickstein)
Jong, Erica (Ellen McGrath Smith)
Jordan, June (Zack Rogow)
Justice, Donald (Emily R. Grosholz)
Kazin, Alfred (Zack Rogow)
Kees, Weldon (Dana Gioia)
Kennedy, William (Lani Wolf)
Kerouac, Jack (Ian Bickford)
Kincaid, Jamaica (Greg Miller)
King, Stephen (Kathleen A. Heininge)
Kingston, Maxine Hong (Kella Svetich)
Kinnell, Galway (Sean McDonnell)
Kunitz, Stanley (Brett C. Millier)
Kushner, Tony (Josef Raab)
Lardner, Ring (Jen Hirt)
Lazarus, Emma (Yerra Sugarman)
Levertov, Denise (Lacy Schutz)
Levine, Philip (Christopher Buckley)
Lewis, Sinclair (Richard Lingeman)
Lindsay, Vachel (Matthew J. Caballero)
Little Magazines (Michael Barsanti)
London, Jack (Robert Niemi)
Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth (Susan Balée, Dana Gioia)
The Long Poem (Burton Hatlen)
Lopez, Barry (Paul Johnston)
Lowell, Amy (Joy Arbor)
Lowell, Robert (Henry Hart)
Loy, Mina (Anett Jessop)
Mailer, Norman (J. Michael Lennon)
Malamud, Bernard (Sanford Pinsker)
Mamet, David (J. Chris Westgate)
Masters, Edgar Lee (Matthew J. Caballero)
Mather, Cotton (Adam Scott Miller)
Matthews, William (Matthew J. Caballero)
Matthiessen, Peter (Patrick A. Smith)
McCarthy, Cormac (Kimberly Lewis)
McCarthy, Mary (Wendy Martin, Sharon Becker)
McClatchy, J. D. (Heather Stephenson)
McCullers, Carson (Louis H. Palmer III)
McNally, Terrence (Karma Waltonen)
McPhee, John (Jan Goggans)
Melville, Herman (Benjamin Ivry)
Mencken, H. L. (Edward A. (Sandy) Martin)
Merrill, James (Willard Spiegelman)
Merwin, W. S. (Sean McDonnell)
Metafiction (Jerome Klinkowitz)
Millay, Edna St. Vincent (Gerry Cambridge)
Miller, Arthur (Philip Parry)
Miller, Henry (David Ryan)
Momaday, N. Scott (Arnold E. Sabatelli)
Moore, Marianne (Brett C. Millier)
Morrison, Toni (Kristine Yohe)
Nabokov, Vladimir (Ellen Pifer)
Naturalism and Realism (Gary Scharnhorst)
Nature Writing: Poetry (Aaron K. DiFranco)
Naylor, Gloria (Amanda Fields)
The New Critics (Philip Hobsbaum)
The New Formalism (Gerry Cambridge)
The New Journalism (Danielle Hinrichs)
New York School of Poets (Catherine Daly)
Norris, Frank (Jan Goggans)
Oates, Joyce Carol (Maile Chapman)
O'Brien, Tim (Judith Kitchen)
O'Connor, Flannery (Susan Balée)
O'Hara, John (James P. Austin)
Olds, Sharon (Janet McCann)
O'Neill, Eugene (Philip Parry)
Ostriker, Alicia (Rachel Barenblat)
Ozick, Cynthia (Elaine M. Kauvar)
Paley, Grace (Ellen McGrath Smith)
Parker, Dorothy (Joy Arbor)
Pinsky, Robert (James Longenbach)
Plath, Sylvia (Caitriona O'Reilly)
Poe, Edgar Allan (Thomas Wright)
Ponsot, Marie (Marilyn Hacker)
Popular Fiction (John Sutherland)
Porter, Katherine Anne (Denise Larrabee)
Pound, Ezra (Michael Coyle)
Proletarian Literature (Robert Niemi)
Prose, Francine (Lani Wolf)
Proulx, Annie (Robert M. Dowling)
Pynchon, Thomas (David Ryan)
Ransom, John Crowe (Gerry Cambridge)
Reed, Ishmael (Lynn Orilla Scott)
Rich, Adrienne (Claire Keyes)
Robinson, Edwin Arlington (Scott Donaldson)
Roethke, Theodore (Gerry Cambridge)
Roth, Henry (Lani Wolf)
Roth, Philip (William H. Pritchard)
Rukeyser, Muriel (Jan Heller Levi, Christoph Keller)
Salinger, J. D. (Brian Henry)
Sandburg, Carl (Robert M. Dowling)
Schwartz, Delmore (Frederick Ethan Fischer)
Sentimental Literature (Mary Louise Kete)
Sexton, Anne (Ellen McGrath Smith)
Shepard, Sam (Philip Parry)
The Short Story in America (Laurie Champion)
Silko, Leslie Marmon (Amanda Fields)
Simic, Charles (Henry Hart)
Smith, Dave (Kimberly Lewis)
Snyder, Gary (Aaron K. DiFranco)
Soto, Gary (Steven P. Schneider)
Stafford, Jean (Christopher Jane Corkery)
Stafford, William (Robin Kemp)
Stegner, Wallace (Lani Wolf)
Steinbeck, John (Stephen K. George)
Stein, Gertrude (Dina Ripsman Eylon)
Stern, Gerald (Kimberly Lewis)
Stevenson, Anne (Emily R. Grosholz)
Stevens, Wallace (James Longenbach)
Stone, Robert (Cates Baldridge)
Stowe, Harriet Beecher (Lorinda B. Cohoon)
Strand, Mark (Andrew Zawacki)
Styron, William (Paul Sullivan)
Swenson, May (Joy Arbor)
Tarkington, Booth (Charles Robert Baker)
Tate, Allen (Edward Halsey Foster)
Tate, James (Arnold E. Sabatelli)
Taylor, Edward (Adam Scott Miller)
Taylor, Peter (Robert Wilson)
Theater in America (Brenda Murphy)
Thoreau, Henry David (Thomas S. Hart)
Thurber, James (Pegge Bochynski)
Trilling, Lionel (Sanford Pinsker)
Twain, Mark (Ron Powers)
Updike, John (Patricia B. Heaman)
Very, Jones (Gerry Cambridge)
Vidal, Gore (Jay Parini)
Vonnegut, Kurt (Jerome Klinkowitz)
Walcott, Derek (Gerry Cambridge)
Walker, Alice (Stefanie K. Dunning)
War Literature (Pauls Toutonghi)
Welty, Eudora (Wendy Martin, Sharon Becker)
West Coast School (Catherine Daly)
West, Nathanael (Jane Goldman)
Wharton, Edith (Carol J. Singley)
Wheatley, Phillis (David L. Dudley)
White, E. B. (Arnold E. Sabatelli)
White, Edmund (Jerry Phillips)
Whitman, Walt (Jerome Loving)
Wideman, John Edgar (Arnold E. Sabatelli)
Wilbur, Richard (Gerry Cambridge)
Wilder, Thornton (Philip Parry)
Williams, Tennessee (John A. Bertolini)
Wilson, August (Josef Raab)
Wilson, Edmund (Melissa Knox)
Wolfe, Thomas (Mark Royden Winchell)
Wolff, Tobias (Pauls Toutonghi)
Wright, Charles (Henry Hart)
Wright, James (Gerry Cambridge)
Wright, Richard (Mark Richardson)
Writing as a Woman in the Twentieth Century (Wendy Martin, Sharon Becker)