"Catastrophic natural disasters have served as reminders of the connection between fragile governments and human losses. Developing economies are impacted most from natural as well as anthropogenic hazards. For example, the Indian Ocean tsunami (2004) claimed 227,898 lives, primarily in three politically fragmented countries with developing economies: Indonesia, Sri Lanka, and India; and the 2010 Haiti earthquake affected more than 3 million people and killed between 46,190 and 316,000 ..." – By Indrajit Pal
"Gender mainstreaming (GM) refers to the process of assessing the policies and practices of governments and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) for gender bias, particularly as they relate to factors that might reduce gender equality. States and NGOs have a critical role in shaping inequitable gender arrangements through their policies, practices, and inequitable resource distribution. ..." – By Margaret Alston
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