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date: 05 December 2023

Vehicle-Related Causes of Flood Fatalitieslocked

Vehicle-Related Causes of Flood Fatalitieslocked

  • Andrew Gissing, Andrew GissingRisk Frontiers
  • Kyra Hamilton, Kyra HamiltonGriffith University
  • Grantley SmithGrantley SmithUniversity of New South Wales
  •  and Amy E. PedenAmy E. PedenRoyal Life Saving Society Australia


Vehicle-related flood incidents represent a leading cause of flood fatalities, as well as resulting in an additional health system and emergency services burden. A large proportion of these deaths are preventable and represent an area of collaboration across a range of fields, including emergency services, disaster preparedness, floodplain management, public health, and road safety. The nature of the risk is exacerbated by increases in the frequency and severity of flood events in a warming climate and further urbanization.

The nature of vehicle-related flood incidents is multidimensional, consisting of flood hazard, behavioral, vehicle, and road-related factors. Equally, strategies required to reduce the incidence of vehicles entering floodwater must be multidimensional, giving consideration to behavioral, regulatory, structural, and emergency response measures. Such an approach requires the involvement of a diverse range of stakeholders.


  • Vulnerability
  • Floods

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