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Agent-Based Modeling of Flood Insurance Futures  

Linda Geaves

Online publication date:
Aug 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Risk Assessment, Preparedness
Agent-based models have facilitated greater understanding of flood insurance futures, and will continue to advance this field as modeling technology develops further. As the pressures of ... More

Children, Youth, and Disaster  

Alice Fothergill

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Vulnerability, Exposed Populations
Children and youth are greatly affected by disasters, and as climate instability leads to more weather-related disasters, the risks to the youngest members of societies will continue to ... More

Community-Based Disaster Risk Reduction  

Rajib Shaw

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Community-based approaches existed even before the existence of the state and its formal governance structure. People and communities used to help and take care of each other’s disaster ... More

Disaster and Emergency Planning for Preparedness, Response, and Recovery  

David Alexander

Online publication date:
Sep 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Recovery, Risk Management, Response, Preparedness
Emergency and disaster planning involves a coordinated, co-operative process of preparing to match urgent needs with available resources. The phases are research, writing, dissemination, ... More

Earthquakes in Political, Economic, and Cultural History  

Andrew Robinson

Online publication date:
May 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Earthquakes, Cultural Perspectives
The immediate aftermath of a great urban earthquake is a dramatic and terrible event, comparable to a massive terrorist attack. Yet the shocking impact soon fades from the public mind and ... More

Flood Resilient Construction and Adaptation of Buildings  

David Proverbs and Jessica Lamond

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Adaptation, Recovery, Resilience, Floods
Flood resilient construction has become an essential component of the integrated approach to flood risk management, now widely accepted through the concepts of making space for water and ... More

Funding Flows: Transboundary Considerations of Disaster Recovery  

Anuradha Mukherji

Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Policy and Governance
Scholars agree that the impact of a disaster in a globalized world increasingly extends beyond political and geographical boundaries, creating transboundary disaster events. Though not all ... More

Glacier Retreat and Glacial Lake Outburst Floods (GLOFs)  

Adam Emmer

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Floods, Glacial Lake Outburst (GLOFs)
Glacier retreat is considered to be one of the most obvious manifestations of recent and ongoing climate change in the majority of glacierized alpine and high-latitude regions throughout ... More

The Global Climatology of Tropical Cyclones  

Hamish Ramsay

Online publication date:
May 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Tropical Storms
Tropical cyclones, also known as hurricanes or typhoons, are one of the most violent weather phenomena on the planet, posing significant threats to those living near or along coastlines ... More

Heavy Rainfall and Flash Flooding  

Russ S. Schumacher

Online publication date:
May 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Floods, Convective Storms
Heavy precipitation, which in many contexts is welcomed because it provides the water necessary for agriculture and human use, in other situations is responsible for deadly and destructive ... More

Human Extinction from Natural Hazard Events  

Anders Sandberg

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Risk Assessment, Vulnerability
Like any other species, Homo sapiens can potentially go extinct. This risk is an existential risk: a threat to the entire future of the species (and possible descendants). While ... More

Livelihoods in Bangladesh Floodplains  

Parvin Sultana and Paul Thompson

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Case Studies, Floods
Floodplains are ecologically diverse and important sources of livelihood for rural people. Bangladesh is one of the most floodplain-dominated countries and supports the highest density of ... More

Natural Hazards and Their Governance in Sub-Saharan Africa  

Dewald van Niekerk and Livhuwani David Nemakonde

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Policy and Governance
The sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) region, along with the rest of the African continent, is prone to a wide variety of natural hazards. Most of these hazards and the associated disasters are ... More

Natural Hazards Identification and Hazard Management Systems  

P. Patrick Leahy

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Risk Management, Policy and Governance
Society expects to have a safe environment in which to live, prosper, and sustain future generations. Generally, when we think of threats to our well-being, we think of human-induced causes ... More

Old Media, New Media, and the Complex Story of Disasters  

Josh Greenberg and T. Joseph Scanlon

Online publication date:
Jul 2016
Media have always played an important role in times of emergency and disaster. Undersea cables, international news agencies, the press, radio and television, and, most recently, digital and ... More

Physical Vulnerability in Earthquake Risk Assessment  

Abdelghani Meslem and Dominik H. Lang

Online publication date:
May 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Risk Assessment, Vulnerability, Earthquakes
In the fields of earthquake engineering and seismic risk reduction the term “physical vulnerability” defines the component that translates the relationship between seismic shaking ... More

Policy Process Theory and Natural Hazards  

Thomas A. Birkland

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Mitigation, Policy and Governance, Legal Issues
Natural disasters pose important problems for societies and governments. Governments are charged with making policies to protect public safety. Large disasters, then, can reveal problems in ... More

Roles of Non-Government Organizations in Disaster Risk Reduction  

Jonatan A. Lassa

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Risk Management, Policy and Governance, Preparedness
The collaborative disaster risk governance framework promises better collaboration between governments, the private sector, civil society, academia, and communities at risks. In the context ... More

Sinkhole Hazards  

Francisco Gutiérrez

Online publication date:
Jul 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Sinkholes, Subsidence
Sinkholes or dolines are closed depressions characteristic of terrains underlain by soluble rocks (carbonates and/or evaporites). They may be related to the differential dissolutional ... More

Societal Impacts of Flood Hazards  

Philip Bubeck, Antje Otto, and Juergen Weichselgartner

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Floods
Floods remain the most devastating natural hazard globally, despite substantial investments in flood prevention and management in recent decades. Fluvial floods, such as the ones in ... More

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