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Democratic Policymaking and Community Hazards Management  

Saundra Schneider

Online publication date:
Nov 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Policy and Governance
Disasters are significant events with enormous consequences for democratic political systems. As such, they provide important insights into how governmental institutions address hazardous ... More

Disaster and Emergency Planning for Preparedness, Response, and Recovery  

David Alexander

Online publication date:
Sep 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Recovery, Risk Management, Response, Preparedness
Emergency and disaster planning involves a coordinated, co-operative process of preparing to match urgent needs with available resources. The phases are research, writing, dissemination, ... More

Disaster and Response in an Experiment Called New Orleans, 1700s–2000s  

Richard Campanella

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Case Studies, Recovery, Response
As an urbanized river-dominated delta, New Orleans, Louisiana, ranks among the most experimental of cities, a test of whether the needs of a stable human settlement can coexist with the ... More

Disaster Risk, Moral Hazard, and Public Policy  

Thomas Husted and David Nickerson

Online publication date:
Oct 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Policy and Governance
Natural disasters pose a significant and rapidly growing burden to society, causing over a million deaths and worldwide economic losses in the trillions of dollars in the last twenty years. ... More

Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation in South Asia  

Mihir Bhatt, Ronak B. Patel, Kelsey Gleason, and Mehul Pandya

Online publication date:
Feb 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Policy and Governance
Both the impact and the frequency of natural disasters and extreme events in South Asia are steadily increasing due to growing exposure and vulnerability. These vulnerabilities are ... More

Disasters and Large-Scale Population Dislocations: International and National Responses  

Anthony Oliver-Smith

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
Large-scale displacement takes place in the context of disaster because the threat or occurrence of hazard onset makes the region of residence of a population uninhabitable, either ... More

Disaster Volunteers  

Brenda Phillips

Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Response
This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Natural Hazard Science. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Earthquakes in Political, Economic, and Cultural History  

Andrew Robinson

Online publication date:
May 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Earthquakes, Cultural Perspectives
The immediate aftermath of a great urban earthquake is a dramatic and terrible event, comparable to a massive terrorist attack. Yet the shocking impact soon fades from the public mind and ... More

Economic and Business Recovery  

Joanne Stevenson, Ilan Noy, Garry McDonald, Erica Seville, and John Vargo

Online publication date:
Jul 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Recovery, Economic Analysis of Natural Hazards
The economics of disasters is a relatively new and emerging branch of economics. Advances made in analysis, including modeling the spatial economic impacts of disasters, is increasing our ... More

Evolution of Strategic Flood Risk Management in Support of Social Justice, Ecosystem Health, and Resilience  

Paul Sayers

Online publication date:
May 2017
Throughout history, flood management practice has evolved in response to flood events. This heuristic approach has yielded some important incremental shifts in both policy and planning ... More

Executive and Legislative Competition Over Natural Hazards Policies  

Deserai A. Crow

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Policy and Governance
As with countless other policy areas, natural hazard policy can be viewed as a jurisdictional competition between executive and legislative branches. While policymaking supremacy is ... More

Fatalism, Causal Reasoning, and Natural Hazards  

John McClure

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Fatalism about natural disasters hinders action to prepare for those disasters, and overcoming this fatalism is one key element to preparing people for these disasters. Research by Bostrom ... More

Financing Community Resilience Before Disaster Strikes: Lessons From the United States  

Charlotte L. Kirschner, Akheil Singla, and Angie Flick

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Policy and Governance
As more and more of the population moves to areas prone to natural hazards, the costs of disasters are on the rise. Given that these events are an eventuality, governments must aid their ... More

Fiscal Implications of Managing Natural Disasters for National and Subnational Governments  

Qing Miao

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
Natural disasters cause massive social disruptions and can lead to tremendous economic and human losses. Given their uncertain and destructive nature, disasters invariably induce ... More

Flood Insurance and Flood Risk Reduction  

Swenja Surminski

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Floods
The rapid increase in losses from flooding underlines the importance of risk reduction efforts to prevent or at least mitigate the damaging impacts that floods can bring to communities, ... More

Flood Resilient Construction and Adaptation of Buildings  

David Proverbs and Jessica Lamond

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Adaptation, Recovery, Resilience, Floods
Flood resilient construction has become an essential component of the integrated approach to flood risk management, now widely accepted through the concepts of making space for water and ... More

Flood Risk Analysis  

Bruno Merz

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Risk Assessment, Floods
Floods affect more people worldwide than any other natural hazard. Flood risk results from the interplay of a range of processes. For river floods, these are the flood-triggering processes ... More

Flood Warning Systems and Their Performance  

Dennis John Parker

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Humankind is becoming increasingly dependent on timely flood warnings. Dependence is being driven by an increasing frequency and intensity of heavy rainfall events, a growing number of ... More

Funding Flows: Transboundary Considerations of Disaster Recovery  

Anuradha Mukherji

Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Policy and Governance
Scholars agree that the impact of a disaster in a globalized world increasingly extends beyond political and geographical boundaries, creating transboundary disaster events. Though not all ... More

Glacier Retreat and Glacial Lake Outburst Floods (GLOFs)  

Adam Emmer

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Floods, Glacial Lake Outburst (GLOFs)
Glacier retreat is considered to be one of the most obvious manifestations of recent and ongoing climate change in the majority of glacierized alpine and high-latitude regions throughout ... More

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