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Great Earthquakes on Plate Boundaries  

Thorne Lay

Online publication date:
Jul 2016
Subject:
Earthquakes
Earthquakes involve sudden shear sliding motion between large rock masses across internal contact surfaces called faults. The slip on the fault releases strain energy previously stored in ... More

Healthcare Challenges After Disasters in Lesser Developed Countries  

Jan Reinhardt, Binhua Fu, and Joseph Balikuddembe

Online publication date:
Nov 2019
A public health disaster occurs when the adverse health effects of an event such as a natural hazard or threat exceed the coping capacity of the affected human population. The coping ... More

Heavy Rainfall and Flash Flooding  

Russ S. Schumacher

Online publication date:
May 2017
Heavy precipitation, which in many contexts is welcomed because it provides the water necessary for agriculture and human use, in other situations is responsible for deadly and destructive ... More

The Human Ecology of Disaster Risk in Cold Mountainous Regions  

Kenneth Hewitt

A range of environmental and social dimensions of disasters occur in or are affected by the mountain cryosphere (MC). Core areas have glaciers and permafrost, intensive freeze-thaw, and ... More

Human Extinction from Natural Hazard Events  

Anders Sandberg

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Like any other species, Homo sapiens can potentially go extinct. This risk is an existential risk: a threat to the entire future of the species (and possible descendants). While ... More

Hydrodynamic Modeling of Urban Flood Flows and Disaster Risk Reduction  

Brett F. Sanders

Communities facing urban flood risk have access to powerful flood simulation software for use in disaster-risk-reduction (DRR) initiatives. However, recent research has shown that flood ... More

Impact of Climate Change on Flood Factors and Extent of Damages in the Hindu Kush Region  

Atta-ur Rahman, Shakeel Mahmood, Mohammad Dawood, Ghani Rahman, and Fang Chen

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
This chapter analyzes the impacts of climate change on flood factors and extent of associated damages in the Hindu Kush (HK) region. HK mountains system is located in the west of the ... More

Integrating Access and Functional Needs in Community Planning for Natural Hazards  

Nnenia Campbell

Populations that are rendered socially invisible by their relegation to realms that are excluded—either physically or experientially—from the rest of society tend to similarly be left out ... More

Inter-Agency Collaboration for Natural Hazard Management in Developed Countries  

Nibedita Ray-Bennett, Daniel Mendez, Edris Alam, and Christian Morgner

Online publication date:
Jan 2020
Although the concept of natural hazard management as the central institutional mode of governance for coping with disasters appeared in the 1970s, inter-agency collaboration in natural ... More

Introduction to Socio-Ecological Resilience  

Vincenzo Bollettino, Tilly Alcayna, Philip Dy, and Patrick Vinck

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
In recent years, the notion of resilience has grown into an important concept for both scholars and practitioners working on disasters. This evolution reflects a growing interest from ... More

Involving People in Informal Settlements in Natural Hazards Governance Based on South African Experience  

Catherine Sutherland

Online publication date:
Dec 2019
Natural hazard governance in countries in the Global South is shifting from a state-centered approach, which has predominantly focused on disaster risk management, with limited involvement ... More

Lessons on Risk Governance From the UNISDR Experience  

Sálvano Briceño

In the context of this article, risk governance addresses the ways and means—or institutional framework—to lead and manage the issue of risk related to natural phenomena, events, or ... More

Linking Risk Reduction and Community Resilience  

Hyunjung Ji

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
Risk reduction is a policy priority in governments at all levels. Building community resilience is one of the keys to reducing disaster risks. Resilience-focused risk reduction considers ... More

Livelihoods in Bangladesh Floodplains  

Parvin Sultana and Paul Thompson

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Floodplains are ecologically diverse and important sources of livelihood for rural people. Bangladesh is one of the most floodplain-dominated countries and supports the highest density of ... More

Managed Retreat in Practice: Mechanisms and Challenges for Implementation  

Christina Hanna, Iain White, and Bruce Glavovic

Online publication date:
Dec 2019
Managed retreat is a deliberate strategy to remedy unsustainable land use patterns that expose people, ecosystems, and assets to significant natural (and socio-natural) hazard ... More

Measuring Flood Discharge  

Marian Muste and Ton Hoitink

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
With a continuous global increase in flood frequency and intensity, there is an immediate need for new science-based solutions for flood mitigation, resilience, and adaptation that can be ... More

Modeling Power Outage Risk From Natural Hazards  

Seth Guikema and Roshanak Nateghi

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
Natural disasters can have significant widespread impacts on society, and they often lead to loss of electric power for a large number of customers in the most heavily impacted areas. In ... More

Modeling Tropical Cyclones in a Changing Climate  

Enrico Scoccimarro

Online publication date:
Dec 2016
Tropical cyclones (TCs) in their most intense expression (hurricanes or typhoons) are the main natural hazards known to humankind. The impressive socioeconomic consequences for countries ... More

Multilevel Environmental Governance in the European Union and United States  

Colin Provost

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
Managing the risks of climate change partly involves setting and implementing regulatory standards that help to diminish the causes of climate change. This means setting regulatory ... More

Natural Flood Risk Management  

Anna Murgatroyd and Simon Dadson

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
Subject:
Floods
Flooding is a natural hazard with the potential to cause damage at the local, national, and global scale. Flooding is a natural product of heavy precipitation and increased runoff. It may ... More

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