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Natural Hazards Governance in Mexico  

Elizabeth Mansilla

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Natural Hazard Science. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Natural Hazards Governance in Nepal  

Katie Oven

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
Natural hazards in Nepal have traditionally been managed on an ad hoc basis as and when they occur, with individuals and communities largely responsible for their own risk management. More ... More

Natural Hazards Governance in Nigeria  

Steve I. Onu

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
Nigeria, like many other countries in sub–Saharan Africa, is exposed to natural hazards and disaster events, the most prominent being soil and coastal erosion, flooding, desertification, ... More

Natural Hazards Governance in South Africa  

D. van Niekerk, G.J. Wentink, and L.B. Shoroma

Online publication date:
Oct 2018
Disaster and natural hazard governance has become a significant policy and legislative focus in South Africa since the early 1990s. Born out of necessity from a dysfunctional apartheid ... More

Natural Hazards Governance in South Asia  

Mihir Bhatt, Kelsey Gleason, and Ronak B. Patel

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
Subject:
Case Studies
South Asia is faced with a range of natural hazards, including floods, droughts, cyclones, earthquakes, landslides, and tsunamis. Rapid and unplanned urbanization, environmental ... More

Natural Hazards Governance in the Philippines  

Kanako Iuchi, Yasuhito Jibiki, Renato Solidum Jr., and Ramon Santiago

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
Located in the Pacific Ring of Fire and the typhoon belt, the Philippines is one of the most hazard prone countries in the world. The country faces different types of natural hazards ... More

Natural Hazards Governance in Turkey  

H. P. Gülkan

Online publication date:
Aug 2018
The current outlook in disaster risk management in Turkey is examined in its historic context in this article. Policies, legislation, and specific responsive actions have culminated in ... More

Natural Hazards Identification and Hazard Management Systems  

P. Patrick Leahy

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Society expects to have a safe environment in which to live, prosper, and sustain future generations. Generally, when we think of threats to our well-being, we think of human-induced ... More

Non-Profit Sector Organizational Actions on Risk Reduction Practices, Policymaking Participation, Community and Social Contributions, and Recovery  

Grace Chikoto-Schultz, Paul Manson, Maryam Amiri, and Yu Xiao

Online publication date:
Aug 2019
Non-profit organizations make significant contributions to society in a number of ways. In addition to providing services to underrepresented, marginalized, and vulnerable populations in ... More

Observation and Spatial Modeling of Snow- and Ice-Related Mass Movement Hazards  

Martin Mergili

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Snow- and ice-related hazardous processes threaten society in tropical to high-latitude mountain areas worldwide and at highly variable time scales. On the one hand, small snow avalanches ... More

Old Media, New Media, and the Complex Story of Disasters  

Josh Greenberg and T. Joseph Scanlon

Online publication date:
Jul 2016
Media have always played an important role in times of emergency and disaster. Undersea cables, international news agencies, the press, radio and television, and, most recently, digital ... More

Ontological Security and Natural Hazards  

Tim Harries

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
People not only want to be safe from natural hazards; they also want to feel they are safe. Sometimes these two desires pull in different directions, and when they do, this slows the ... More

Palaeotsunamis  

James Goff

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
How big, how often, and where from? This is almost a mantra for researchers trying to understand tsunami hazard and risk. What we do know is that events such as the 2004 Indian Ocean ... More

Performance Assessment of Natural Hazards Governance  

Warren S. Eller and Michael S. Pennington

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
Assessment is a necessary and critical component in process improvement. Moreover, there is a strong public expectation that because governance is a public good, it will incorporate ... More

Permafrost-Related Geohazards and Infrastructure Construction in Mountainous Environments  

Lukas U. Arenson and Matthias Jakob

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Mountain environments, home to about 12% of the global population and covering nearly a quarter of the global land surface, create hazardous conditions for various infrastructures. The ... More

Permafrost-Related Geohazards in Cold Russian Regions  

Dmitry Sergeev

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Permafrost, or perennially frozen ground, and the processes linked to the water phase change in ground-pore media are sources of specific dangers to infrastructure and economic activity in ... More

Physical Resilience in Cities  

Anna Bozza, Domenico Asprone, and Gaetano Manfredi

Online publication date:
May 2017
In the early 21st century, achieving the sustainability of urban environments while coping with increasingly occurring natural disasters is a very ambitious challenge for contemporary ... More

Physical Vulnerability in Earthquake Risk Assessment  

Abdelghani Meslem and Dominik H. Lang

Online publication date:
May 2017
In the fields of earthquake engineering and seismic risk reduction the term “physical vulnerability” defines the component that translates the relationship between seismic shaking ... More

Planning Systems for Natural Hazard Risk Reduction  

James C. Schwab

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
Planning systems are essentially a layer of guidance or legal requirements that sit atop plans of any type at any governmental level at or below the source of that guidance. In the case of ... More

Policy Process Theory and Natural Hazards  

Thomas A. Birkland

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
Natural disasters pose important problems for societies and governments. Governments are charged with making policies to protect public safety. Large disasters, then, can reveal problems ... More

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