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Natural Hazards Governance in Western Europe  

Florian Roth, Timothy Prior, and Marco Käser

Online publication date:
Nov 2019
Western Europe is an area dominated by established democratic governments, backed by strong economies, for the most part. Drawing on refined technical risk analyses, preventive measures, ... More

The Governance of Flood Risk Management  

Jason Thistlewaite and Daniel Henstra

Online publication date:
Dec 2019
Natural hazards are a complex governance problem. Managing the risks associated with natural hazards requires action at all scales—from household to national—but coordinating these nested ... More

Natural Hazards Governance Practices and Key Natural Hazards in Latin America and the Caribbean  

Ivis García

Online publication date:
Dec 2019
Along with sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean is among the geographic regions most exposed and vulnerable to the occurrence of disasters. The vulnerability ... More

Natural Hazards Identification and Hazard Management Systems  

P. Patrick Leahy

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Society expects to have a safe environment in which to live, prosper, and sustain future generations. Generally, when we think of threats to our well-being, we think of human-induced ... More

Non-Governmental Organizations and Natural Hazard Governance in Latin America and the Caribbean  

Benjamin Wisner, Alonso Brenes, and Victor Marchezini

Online publication date:
Jan 2020
International nongovernmental organizations (INGOs) and national NGOs (NNGOs) attempt to play many roles in disaster risk reduction (DRR) and governance of natural hazards. Although in ... More

Non-Profit Sector Organizational Actions on Risk Reduction Practices, Policymaking Participation, Community and Social Contributions, and Recovery  

Grace Chikoto-Schultz, Yu Xiao, Paul Manson, and Maryam Amiri

Online publication date:
Aug 2019
Non-profit organizations make significant contributions to society in a number of ways. In addition to providing services to underrepresented, marginalized, and vulnerable populations in ... More

Observation and Spatial Modeling of Snow- and Ice-Related Mass Movement Hazards  

Martin Mergili

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Snow- and ice-related hazardous processes threaten society in tropical to high-latitude mountain areas worldwide and at highly variable time scales. On the one hand, small snow avalanches ... More

Old Media, New Media, and the Complex Story of Disasters  

Josh Greenberg and T. Joseph Scanlon

Online publication date:
Jul 2016
Media have always played an important role in times of emergency and disaster. Undersea cables, international news agencies, the press, radio and television, and, most recently, digital ... More

Ontological Security and Natural Hazards  

Tim Harries

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
People not only want to be safe from natural hazards; they also want to feel they are safe. Sometimes these two desires pull in different directions, and when they do, this slows the ... More

Palaeotsunamis  

James Goff

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
How big, how often, and where from? This is almost a mantra for researchers trying to understand tsunami hazard and risk. What we do know is that events such as the 2004 Indian Ocean ... More

Performance Assessment of Natural Hazards Governance  

Warren S. Eller and Michael S. Pennington

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
Assessment is a necessary and critical component in process improvement. Moreover, there is a strong public expectation that because governance is a public good, it will incorporate ... More

Permafrost-Related Geohazards and Infrastructure Construction in Mountainous Environments  

Lukas U. Arenson and Matthias Jakob

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Mountain environments, home to about 12% of the global population and covering nearly a quarter of the global land surface, create hazardous conditions for various infrastructures. The ... More

Permafrost-Related Geohazards in Cold Russian Regions  

Dmitry Sergeev

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Permafrost, or perennially frozen ground, and the processes linked to the water phase change in ground-pore media are sources of specific dangers to infrastructure and economic activity in ... More

Physical Resilience in Cities  

Anna Bozza, Domenico Asprone, and Gaetano Manfredi

Online publication date:
May 2017
In the early 21st century, achieving the sustainability of urban environments while coping with increasingly occurring natural disasters is a very ambitious challenge for contemporary ... More

Physical Vulnerability in Earthquake Risk Assessment  

Abdelghani Meslem and Dominik H. Lang

Online publication date:
May 2017
In the fields of earthquake engineering and seismic risk reduction the term “physical vulnerability” defines the component that translates the relationship between seismic shaking ... More

Planning Systems for Natural Hazard Risk Reduction  

James C. Schwab

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
Planning systems are essentially a layer of guidance or legal requirements that sit atop plans of any type at any governmental level at or below the source of that guidance. In the case of ... More

Policy Process Theory and Natural Hazards  

Thomas A. Birkland

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
Natural disasters pose important problems for societies and governments. Governments are charged with making policies to protect public safety. Large disasters, then, can reveal problems ... More

Politics and Policies for Managing Natural Hazards  

Timothy Mulligan, Kristin Taylor, and Rob A. DeLeo

Online publication date:
Nov 2019
Policies to manage natural hazards are made in a political context that has three important characteristics: local preferences and national priorities, short-sighted political ... More

Post-Disaster Housing Recovery  

Anuradha Mukherji

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Rapid urbanization and growing populations have put tremendous pressures on limited global housing stocks. As the frequency of disasters has increased with devastating impacts on this ... More

Psychological Strategies and Challenges in Disaster Recovery  

Priscilla Dass-Brailsford

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Natural Hazard Science. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

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