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Permafrost-Related Geohazards in Cold Russian Regions  

Dmitry Sergeev

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Risk Assessment, Climate Change
Permafrost, or perennially frozen ground, and the processes linked to the water phase change in ground-pore media are sources of specific dangers to infrastructure and economic activity in ... More

Physical Resilience in Cities  

Anna Bozza, Domenico Asprone, and Gaetano Manfredi

Online publication date:
May 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Resilience, Urban Issues
In the early 21st century, achieving the sustainability of urban environments while coping with increasingly occurring natural disasters is a very ambitious challenge for contemporary ... More

Physical Vulnerability in Earthquake Risk Assessment  

Abdelghani Meslem and Dominik H. Lang

Online publication date:
May 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Risk Assessment, Vulnerability, Earthquakes
In the fields of earthquake engineering and seismic risk reduction the term “physical vulnerability” defines the component that translates the relationship between seismic shaking ... More

Planning Systems for Natural Hazard Risk Reduction  

James C. Schwab

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Policy and Governance
Planning systems are essentially a layer of guidance or legal requirements that sit atop plans of any type at any governmental level at or below the source of that guidance. In the case of ... More

Policy Process Theory and Natural Hazards  

Thomas A. Birkland

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Mitigation, Policy and Governance, Legal Issues
Natural disasters pose important problems for societies and governments. Governments are charged with making policies to protect public safety. Large disasters, then, can reveal problems in ... More

Politics and Policies for Managing Natural Hazards  

Timothy Mulligan, Kristin Taylor, and Rob A. DeLeo

Online publication date:
Nov 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Policy and Governance
Policies to manage natural hazards are made in a political context that has three important characteristics: local preferences and national priorities, short-sighted political ... More

Post-Disaster Housing Recovery  

Anuradha Mukherji

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Recovery, Policy and Governance
Rapid urbanization and growing populations have put tremendous pressures on limited global housing stocks. As the frequency of disasters has increased with devastating impacts on this ... More

Psychological Strategies and Challenges in Disaster Recovery  

Priscilla Dass-Brailsford

Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Health Impacts
This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Natural Hazard Science. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Public Sector Agency Choice of Policy Instruments Across Governance Systems  

Beverly Cigler

Online publication date:
Nov 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Policy and Governance
A core responsibility of government is to protect people and property from disasters caused by natural hazards. The wide mix of policy instruments available and their impacts across ... More

Public Administrators in Natural Hazards Governance  

Scott E. Robinson and Warren S. Eller

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Policy and Governance
Natural hazards governance calls upon a diverse array of actors. The focus of most research—and most media coverage—has long been on governmental actors. Indeed, natural hazards governance ... More

Public Participation in Planning for Community Management of Natural Hazards  

Andrea Sarzynski and Paolo Cavaliere

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
Public participation in environmental management, and more specifically in hazard mitigation planning, has received much attention from scholars and practitioners. A shift in perspective ... More

Public–Private Partnerships and Natural Hazards Governance  

Dane S. Egli

Online publication date:
Jan 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Policy and Governance
The level of interest in public–private partnerships (P3s) is growing—along with supporting literature—and applications are expanding to include new areas where industry supplements public ... More

Public Sector Agencies and Their Formal Legal and Administrative Responsibilities  

Ashley D. Ross

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Policy and Governance
Public sector agencies at all levels of government work to mitigate risk, prepare for and respond to emergencies and disasters, and recover from catastrophic events. This action is guided ... More

Readiness for Natural Hazards  

Douglas Paton

Online publication date:
Dec 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Resilience, Vulnerability, Response
Humankind has always lived with natural hazards and their consequences. While the frequency and intensity of geological processes may have remained relatively stable, population growth and ... More

Real-Time Flash Flood Forecasting  

Jonathan J. Gourley and Robert A. Clark III

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Vulnerability, Floods
Flash floods are one of the world’s deadliest and costliest weather-related natural hazards. In the United States alone, they account for an average of approximately 80 fatalities per year. ... More

Remote Sensing of Floods  

Guy J.-P. Schumann

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Floods
For about 40 years, with a proliferation over the last two decades, remote sensing data, primarily in the form of satellite and airborne imagery and altimetry, have been used to study ... More

Remote Sensing and Physical Modeling of Fires, Floods, and Landslides  

Mahesh Prakash, James Hilton, Claire Miller, Vincent Lemiale, Raymond Cohen, and Yunze Wang

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Risk Assessment, Preparedness
Remotely sensed data for the observation and analysis of natural hazards is becoming increasingly commonplace and accessible. Furthermore, the accuracy and coverage of such data is rapidly ... More

Resilient Cities  

Abhilash Panda and Dilanthi Amaratunga

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Policy and Governance, Urban Issues
In 1990, 43% (2.3 billion) of the world’s population lived in urban areas, and by 2014 this percentage was at 54%. The urban population exceeded the rural population for the first time in ... More

Risk and Resilience in the Management and Governance of Natural Hazards  

Christian Kuhlicke

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Floods
The management of natural hazards is undergoing considerable transformation, including the establishment of risk-based management approaches, the encouragement to govern natural hazards ... More

Risk Governance of Limited-Notice or No-Notice Natural Hazards  

Maria Papathoma-Köhle and Dale Dominey-Howes

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
The second priority of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030 stresses that, to efficiently manage risk posed by natural hazards, disaster risk governance should be ... More

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