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Agency Coordination and Cross-Sector Collaboration in Fragile States  

Abdul-Akeem Sadiq and Jenna Tyler

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Despite myriad descriptions and indicators used to define a fragile state, the international community has come to an agreement that a fragile state lacks the ability to maintain physical ... More

Agenda Setting and Natural Hazards  

Rob A. DeLeo

Agenda setting describes the process through which issues are selected for consideration by a decision-making body. Among the myriad of issues policymakers can consider, few are more ... More

Bureaucratic Policymaking on Natural Hazards  

Kristin O'Donovan

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
Bureaucratic politics, discretion, and decision-making for natural hazards governance present an important challenge of the use of autonomous bureaucratic discretion in the absence of ... More

Climate Adaptation Governance in Pakistan  

Syed-Muhammad Ali, Akhtar Naeem Khan, and Hamna Shakeel

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
Climate change is one of the greatest threats to the security of water, food, and energy in Pakistan. Pakistan has seen increased visibility of direct and indirect impacts of climate ... More

Climate Change as a Transboundary Policymaking Natural Hazards Problem  

Elizabeth Albright

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
Throughout the world, major climate-related catastrophic events have devastated lives and livelihoods. These events are predicted to increase in frequency and intensity across the globe, ... More

Collaboration and Cross-Sector Coordination for Humanitarian Assistance in a Disaster Recovery Setting  

David Sanderson

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
While known to be important and essential for improved effectiveness and efficiency, cross-sector coordination and collaboration among different actors engaged in postdisaster recovery is ... More

Community-Based Disaster Risk Reduction  

Rajib Shaw

Community-based approaches existed even before the existence of the state and its formal governance structure. People and communities used to help and take care of each other’s disaster ... More

Corruption and the Governance of Disaster Risk  

David Alexander

This article considers how corruption affects the management of disaster mitigation, relief, and recovery. Corruption is a very serious and pervasive issue that affects all countries and ... More

Disasters and Large-Scale Population Dislocations: International and National Responses  

Anthony Oliver-Smith

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
Large-scale displacement takes place in the context of disaster because the threat or occurrence of hazard onset makes the region of residence of a population uninhabitable, either ... More

Executive and Legislative Competition Over Natural Hazards Policies  

Deserai A. Crow

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
As with countless other policy areas, natural hazard policy can be viewed as a jurisdictional competition between executive and legislative branches. While policymaking supremacy is ... More

Financing Community Resilience Before Disaster Strikes: Lessons From the United States  

Charlotte L. Kirschner, Akheil Singla, and Angie Flick

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
As more and more of the population moves to areas prone to natural hazards, the costs of disasters are on the rise. Given that these events are an eventuality, governments must aid their ... More

Fiscal Implications of Managing Natural Disasters for National and Subnational Governments  

Qing Miao

Natural disasters cause massive social disruptions and can lead to tremendous economic and human losses. Given their uncertain and destructive nature, disasters invariably induce ... More

Funding Flows: Transboundary Considerations of Disaster Recovery  

Anuradha Mukherji

Scholars agree that the impact of a disaster in a globalized world increasingly extends beyond political and geographical boundaries, creating transboundary disaster events. Though not all ... More

Global Overview of the Role of NGOs in Natural Hazard Governance  

Terry Gibson and Benjamin Wisner

Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) play important roles in that they: strengthen natural hazard governance through service delivery and humanitarian response; mobilize local actors and ... More

Integrating Access and Functional Needs in Community Planning for Natural Hazards  

Nnenia Campbell

Populations that are rendered socially invisible by their relegation to realms that are excluded—either physically or experientially—from the rest of society tend to similarly be left out ... More

Lessons on Risk Governance From the UNISDR Experience  

Sálvano Briceño

In the context of this article, risk governance addresses the ways and means—or institutional framework—to lead and manage the issue of risk related to natural phenomena, events, or ... More

Linking Risk Reduction and Community Resilience  

Hyunjung Ji

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
Risk reduction is a policy priority in governments at all levels. Building community resilience is one of the keys to reducing disaster risks. Resilience-focused risk reduction considers ... More

Multilevel Environmental Governance in the European Union and United States  

Colin Provost

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
Managing the risks of climate change partly involves setting and implementing regulatory standards that help to diminish the causes of climate change. This means setting regulatory ... More

Natural Hazards and Risk Management  

Ljubica Mamula-Seadon

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Natural Hazard Science. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Natural Hazards and Their Governance in Sub-Saharan Africa  

Dewald van Niekerk and Livhuwani David Nemakonde

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
The sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) region, along with the rest of the African continent, is prone to a wide variety of natural hazards. Most of these hazards and the associated disasters are ... More

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