Natural Hazards Governance in South Asia
- Mihir Bhatt, Mihir BhattAll India Disaster Mitigation Institute
- Kelsey GleasonKelsey GleasonUniversity of Vermont College of Medicine
- and Ronak B. PatelRonak B. PatelHarvard Humanitarian Initiative, Department of Emergency Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Harvard University
South Asia is faced with a range of natural hazards, including floods, droughts, cyclones, earthquakes, landslides, and tsunamis. Rapid and unplanned urbanization, environmental degradation, climate change, and socioeconomic conditions are increasing citizens’ exposure to and risk from natural hazards and resulting in more frequent, intense, and costly disasters. Although governments and the international community are investing in disaster risk reduction, natural hazard governance in South Asian countries remain weak and often warrants a review when a major natural disaster strikes. Natural hazards governance is an emerging concept, and many countries in South Asia have a challenging hazard governance context.