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Letter from the editor

Development of Lung Innervation

"The cardiorespiratory organs represent an integrated interoceptive system whose proper function permits life in vertebrates. Significant insights into this integrated unit have been generated from understanding the neural control of respiratory rhythm, frequency, and tidal volume, all of which ultimately are regulated through neural control of diaphragmatic contraction. ..." – By Talita de Melo e Silva, Catherine Miriam Czeisler and José Javier Otero

Stress-Modulated Pathways

"All human beings experience stress at least during some parts of their lives, but science has traditionally struggled with defining and describing stress. Accordingly, stress can and has been defined in many ways. While some define stress simply in terms of stimuli that activate biologically measurable stress responses, this view has been criticized for being for being circular..." – By Nicolas Rohleder

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