Show Summary Details

Page of

Printed from Oxford Research Encyclopedias, Neuroscience. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 28 November 2022

Octopus Motor Controllocked

Octopus Motor Controllocked

  • Nir Nesher, Nir NesherRuppin Academic Center, Faculty for Marine Sciences
  • Guy Levy, Guy LevyTufts University, Department of Biology
  • Letizia ZulloLetizia ZulloIstituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Center for Synaptic Neuroscience and Technology
  •  and Benyamin HochnerBenyamin HochnerHebrew University of Jerusalem, Department of Neurobiology


The octopus, with its eight long and flexible arms, is an excellent example of the independent evolution of highly efficient motor behavior in a soft-bodied animal. Studies will be summarized to show that the amazing behavioral motor abilities of the octopus are achieved through a special embodied organization of its flexible body, unusual morphology, and a unique central and peripheral distribution of its extremely large nervous system. This special embodied organization of brain–body–environment reciprocal interactions makes it possible to overcome the difficulties involved in generation and control of movement in an animal, which unlike vertebrates and arthropods lacks rigid skeletal appendages.


  • Motor Systems
  • Invertebrate Neuroscience

You do not currently have access to this article


Please login to access the full content.


Access to the full content requires a subscription