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Cortical Processing of Odorants  

Yaniv Cohen, Emmanuelle Courtiol, Regina M. Sullivan, and Donald A. Wilson

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
Odorants, inhaled through the nose or exhaled from the mouth through the nose, bind to receptors on olfactory sensory neurons. Olfactory sensory neurons project in a highly stereotyped ... More

Crayfish Escape  

Donald Edwards

Online publication date:
May 2017
Crayfish are decapod crustaceans that use different forms of escape to flee from different types of predatory attacks. Lateral and Medial Giant escapes are released by giant interneurons ... More

Crustacean Olfaction  

Charles Derby and Manfred Schmidt

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Olfaction is a chemical sense present not only in mammals, insects, and other terrestrial animals, but also in crustaceans, most of which are aquatic. Crustaceans use olfaction for ... More

Crustacean Visual Circuits Underlying Behavior  

Daniel Tomsic and Julieta Sztarker

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
Decapod crustaceans, in particular semiterrestrial crabs, are highly visual animals that greatly rely on visual information. Their responsiveness to visual moving stimuli, with behavioral ... More

Deep Neural Networks in Computational Neuroscience  

Tim C. Kietzmann, Patrick McClure, and Nikolaus Kriegeskorte

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
The goal of computational neuroscience is to find mechanistic explanations of how the nervous system processes information to give rise to cognitive function and behavior. At the heart of ... More

Developmental Neurobiology of Anxiety and Related Disorders  

Emily M. Cohodes and Dylan G. Gee

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
The majority of anxiety disorders emerge during childhood and adolescence, a developmental period characterized by dynamic changes in frontolimbic circuitry. Frontolimbic circuitry plays a ... More

Drosophila Olfaction  

Quentin Gaudry and Jonathan Schenk

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Olfactory systems are tasked with converting the chemical environment into electrical signals that the brain can use to optimize behaviors such as navigating towards resources, finding ... More

Echinoderm Nervous System  

Carlos A. Díaz-Balzac and José E. García-Arrarás

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
The nervous system of echinoderms has been studied for well over a century. Nonetheless, the information available is disparate, with in-depth descriptions for the nervous component of ... More

Electrophysiology and Behavior of Cnidarian Nervous Systems  

Robert W. Meech

Online publication date:
May 2019
Although the Cnidaria have evolved a wide range of body forms matched with an equally varied neural anatomy, individual species exhibit common patterns of behavior. For example, in all ... More

Enhancing the Regeneration of Neurons in the Central Nervous System  

Romain Cartoni, Frank Bradke, and Zhigang He

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Injured axons fail to regenerate in the adult mammalian central nervous system, representing a major barrier for effective neural repair. Both extrinsic inhibitory environments and ... More

Evolution of Neocortex for Sensory Processing  

Jon H. Kaas

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
The neocortex is a part of the forebrain of mammals that is an innovation of mammal-like “reptilian” synapsid ancestors of early mammals. This neocortex emerged from a small region of ... More

The Functional Organization of Vertebrate Retinal Circuits for Vision  

Tom Baden, Timm Schubert, Philipp Berens, and Thomas Euler

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Visual processing begins in the retina—a thin, multilayered neuronal tissue lining the back of the vertebrate eye. The retina does not merely read out the constant stream of photons ... More

Gastropod Feeding Systems: Evolution of Neural Circuits that Generate Diverse Behaviors  

Paul Benjamin and Michael Crossley

Online publication date:
Jan 2020
It is conceptually reasonable to explore how the evolution of behavior involves changes in neural circuitry. Progress in determining this evolutionary relationship has been limited in ... More

General Principles for Sensory Coding  

Tatyana O. Sharpee

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Sensory systems exist to provide an organism with information about the state of the environment that can be used to guide future actions and decisions. Remarkably, two conceptually simple ... More

Genetics and Evolution of Color Vision in Primates  

Gerald H. Jacobs

Online publication date:
May 2019
Color is a central feature of human perceptual experience where it functions as a critical component in the detection, identification, evaluation, placement, and appreciation of objects in ... More

Gut Dysbiosis and Recovery of Function After Spinal Cord Injury  

Kristina A. Kigerl and Phillip G. Popovich

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
Spinal cord injury (SCI) disrupts the autonomic nervous system (ANS) and impairs communication with organ systems throughout the body, resulting in chronic multi-organ pathology and ... More

Hemichordate Nervous System  

Norio Miyamoto and Hiroshi Wada

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Hemichordates are marine invertebrates consisting of two distinct groups: the solitary enteropneusts and the colonial pterobranchs. Hemichordates are phylogenetically a sister group to ... More

Homeostatic Plasticity in the CNS  

Peter Wenner and Pernille Bülow

Online publication date:
Jun 2019
Homeostatic plasticity refers to a collection of mechanisms that function to homeostatically maintain some feature of neural function. The field began with the view that homeostatic ... More

Hormones and Animal Communication  

Eliot A. Brenowitz

Animals produce communication signals to attract mates and deter rivals during their breeding season. The coincidence in timing results from the modulation of signaling behavior and neural ... More

The Hypocretin Arousal Network  

Jeremy C. Borniger and Luis de Lecea

The hypocretins (also known as orexins) are selectively expressed in a subset of lateral hypothalamic neurons. Since the reports of their discovery in 1998, they have been intensely ... More

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