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Insect Navigation: Neural Basis to Behavior  

Stanley Heinze

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
Navigation is the ability of animals to move through their environment in a planned manner. Different from directed but reflex-driven movements, it involves the comparison of ... More

Long-Term Potentiation and Long-Term Depression  

Arianna Maffei

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Synaptic connections in the brain can change their strength in response to patterned activity. This ability of synapses is defined as synaptic plasticity. Long lasting forms of synaptic ... More

Mammalian Visual System Organization  

Farran Briggs

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
Many mammals, including humans, rely primarily on vision to sense the environment. While a large proportion of the brain is devoted to vision in highly visual animals, there are not enough ... More

Motion Processing in Primates  

Tyler S. Manning and Kenneth H. Britten

Online publication date:
May 2017
The ability to see motion is critical to survival in a dynamic world. Decades of physiological research have established that motion perception is a distinct sub-modality of vision ... More

Multisensory Integration and the Perception of Self-Motion  

Kathleen E. Cullen

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
As we go about our everyday activities, our brain computes accurate estimates of both our motion relative to the world, and of our orientation relative to gravity. Essential to this ... More

Navigation Towards the Source Through Chemosensory Strategies and Mechanisms  

Yaniv Cohen

Online publication date:
Dec 2019
Asymmetry of bilateral visual and auditory sensors has functional advantages for depth visual perception and localization of auditory signals, respectively. In order to detect the spatial ... More

Neural Mechanisms of Tactile Texture Perception  

Justin D. Lieber and Sliman J. Bensmaia

Online publication date:
Aug 2019
The ability to identify tactile objects depends in part on the perception of their surface microstructure and material properties. Texture perception can, on a first approximation, be ... More

Neural Population Coding of Natural Sounds in Non-flying Mammals  

Israel Nelken

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Understanding the principles by which sensory systems represent natural stimuli is one of the holy grails of neuroscience. In the auditory system, the study of the coding of natural sounds ... More

Neurobiology of Auditory Hallucinations  

Judith M. Ford, Holly K. Hamilton, and Alison Boos

Online publication date:
Nov 2019
Auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH), also referred to as “hearing voices,” are vivid perceptions of speech that occur in the absence of any corresponding external stimulus but seem very ... More

Neuroinflammation and Neuroplasticity in Pain  

Jürgen Sandkühler

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Much progress has been made in unraveling the mechanisms that underlie the transition from acute to chronic pain. Traditional beliefs are being replaced by novel, more powerful concepts ... More

Phantom Limbs and Brain Plasticity in Amputees  

Tamar Makin and Plasticity Lab London

Phantom sensations are experienced by almost every person who has lost their hand in adulthood. This mysterious phenomenon spans the full range of bodily sensations, including the sense of ... More

Physiology of Color Vision in Primates  

Robert Shapley

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
Color perception in macaque monkeys and humans depends on the visually evoked activity in three cone photoreceptors and on neuronal post-processing of cone signals. Neuronal post-processing ... More

Raptor Vision  

Mindaugas Mitkus, Simon Potier, Graham R. Martin, Olivier Duriez, and Almut Kelber

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
Diurnal raptors (birds of the orders Accipitriformes and Falconiformes), renowned for their extraordinarily sharp eyesight, have fascinated humans for centuries. The high visual acuity in ... More

Sensing Polarized Light in Insects  

Thomas F. Mathejczyk and Mathias F. Wernet

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Evolution has produced vast morphological and behavioral diversity amongst insects, including very successful adaptations to a diverse range of ecological niches spanning the invasion of ... More

Sensing the Environment With Whiskers  

Mathew H. Evans, Michaela S.E. Loft, Dario Campagner, and Rasmus S. Petersen

Online publication date:
May 2019
Whiskers (vibrissae) are prominent on the snout of many mammals, both terrestrial and aquatic. The defining feature of whiskers is that they are rooted in large follicles with dense sensory ... More

Single Neuron Computational Modeling  

Yeonjoo Yoo and Fabrizio Gabbiani

Online publication date:
May 2019
Computational modeling is essential to understand how the complex dendritic structure and membrane properties of a neuron process input signals to generate output signals. Compartmental ... More

Somatosensory System Organization in Mammals and Response to Spinal Injury  

Corinna Darian-Smith and Karen Fisher

Online publication date:
Dec 2019
Spinal cord injury (SCI) affects well over a million people in the United States alone, and its personal and societal costs are huge. This article provides a current overview of the ... More

Stereopsis and Depth Perception  

Andrew J. Parker

Online publication date:
May 2019
Humans and some animals can use their two eyes in cooperation to detect and discriminate parts of the visual scene based on depth. Owing to the horizontal separation of the eyes, each eye ... More

Thalamocortical Interactions for Sensory Processing  

Jose M. Alonso and Harvey A. Swadlow

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
The thalamocortical pathway is the main route of sensory information to the cerebral cortex. Vision, touch, hearing, taste, and balance all depend on the integrity of this pathway that ... More

Transcriptomic Architecture of Reproductive Plasticity  

Susan C. P. Renn and Nadia Aubin-Horth

Online publication date:
May 2019
Several species show diversity in reproductive patterns that result from phenotypic plasticity. This reproductive plasticity is found for example in mate choice, parental care, reproduction ... More

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