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Multisensory Integration and the Perception of Self-Motion  

Kathleen E. Cullen

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
As we go about our everyday activities, our brain computes accurate estimates of both our motion relative to the world, and of our orientation relative to gravity. Essential to this ... More

Navigation Towards the Source Through Chemosensory Strategies and Mechanisms  

Yaniv Cohen

Online publication date:
Dec 2019
Asymmetry of bilateral visual and auditory sensors has functional advantages for depth visual perception and localization of auditory signals, respectively. In order to detect the spatial ... More

Network Analyses and Nervous System Disorders  

John D. Medaglia and Danielle S. Bassett

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
Network analyses in nervous system disorders involve constructing and analyzing anatomical and functional brain networks from neuroimaging data to describe and predict the clinical ... More

Neural Control of Lower Urinary Tract Function  

Jonathan M. Beckel and William C. de Groat

Online publication date:
May 2019
Functions of the lower urinary tract to store and periodically eliminate urine are regulated by a complex neural control system in the brain and lumbosacral spinal cord that coordinates the ... More

Neural Mechanisms of Tactile Texture Perception  

Justin D. Lieber and Sliman J. Bensmaia

Online publication date:
Aug 2019
The ability to identify tactile objects depends in part on the perception of their surface microstructure and material properties. Texture perception can, on a first approximation, be ... More

Neural Population Coding of Natural Sounds in Non-flying Mammals  

Israel Nelken

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Understanding the principles by which sensory systems represent natural stimuli is one of the holy grails of neuroscience. In the auditory system, the study of the coding of natural sounds ... More

Neurobiology of Anabolic-Androgenic Steroid Abuse  

Ruth I. Wood and Kathryn G. Wallin-Miller

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
Anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) are both performance-enhancing substances and drugs of abuse. Although AAS are banned in competitive sports, they are widely used by both elite and ... More

Neurobiology of Auditory Hallucinations  

Judith M. Ford, Holly K. Hamilton, and Alison Boos

Online publication date:
Nov 2019
Auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH), also referred to as “hearing voices,” are vivid perceptions of speech that occur in the absence of any corresponding external stimulus but seem very ... More

Neuroendocrine and Neuroimmune Mechanisms Regulating the Blood-Brain Barrier  

Divine C. Nwafor, Allison L. Brichacek, Sreeparna Chakraborty, Catheryne A. Gambill, Stanley A. Benkovic, and Candice M. Brown

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) is a dynamic structural interface between the brain and periphery that plays a critical function in maintaining cerebral homeostasis. Over the past two ... More

Neuroendocrine Influences on Human Sexuality  

Ashlyn Swift-Gallant and S. Marc Breedlove

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
While prenatal sex hormones guide the development of sex-typical reproductive structures, they also act on the developing brain, resulting in sex differences in brain and behavior in animal ... More

Neuroendocrine Mechanisms of Circadian Rhythms in Diurnal Species  

Lily Yan, Laura Smale, and Antonio A. Nunez

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
Circadian rhythms are endogenous daily rhythms evident in behavior and physiology. In mammals, these rhythms are controlled by a hierarchical network of oscillators showing a coherent ... More

Neuroendocrine Mechanisms of Psychological Stress: Age and Sex Differences in Adults  

Allison E. Gaffey and Brandy S. Martinez

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
There are two main branches of the human stress response. The autonomic nervous system acts rapidly and is often referred to as our fight or flight response. The slow-acting arm of the ... More

Neuroendocrine Regulation of Seasonal Reproduction  

Elisabetta Tolla, Jonathan H. Pérez, Ian C. Dunn, Simone L. Meddle, and Tyler J. Stevenson

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
Neuroendocrine mechanisms control the seasonal reproduction in birds and mammals. Seasonal reproduction is ubiquitous across vertebrate and invertebrate species, and its timing is extremely ... More

Neuroimmunology: Behavioral Effects  

Gretchen N. Neigh, Mandakh Bekhbat, and Sydney A. Rowson

Bidirectional interactions between the immune system and central nervous system have been acknowledged for centuries. Over the past 100 years, pioneering studies in both animal models and ... More

Neuroinflammation and Neuroplasticity in Pain  

Jürgen Sandkühler

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Much progress has been made in unraveling the mechanisms that underlie the transition from acute to chronic pain. Traditional beliefs are being replaced by novel, more powerful concepts ... More

Normalization Principles in Computational Neuroscience  

Kenway Louie and Paul W. Glimcher

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
A core question in systems and computational neuroscience is how the brain represents information. Identifying principles of information coding in neural circuits is critical to ... More

Paternal Behavior from a Neuroendocrine Perspective  

Caleigh Guoynes and Catherine Marler

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
How hormones and neuromodulators initiate and maintain paternal care is important for understanding the evolution of paternal care and the plasticity of the social brain. The focus here is ... More

Physiology of Color Vision in Primates  

Robert Shapley

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
Color perception in macaque monkeys and humans depends on the visually evoked activity in three cone photoreceptors and on neuronal post-processing of cone signals. Neuronal post-processing ... More

Plastic Changes After Spinal Cord Injury  

Kaitlin Farrell, Megan R. Detloff, and John D. Houle

Online publication date:
Jun 2019
Spinal cord injury has instantaneous, destructive effects on bodily functions, as readily demonstrated by muscle paralysis and non-responsiveness to sensory stimulation. This primary ... More

Plasticity in the Regenerating Nervous System of the Lamprey, a “Simple” Vertebrate  

William Rodemer, Jianli Hu, and Michael E. Selzer

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Human spinal cord injury (SCI) results in long-lasting disabilities due to the failure of damaged neurons to regenerate. The barriers to axon regeneration in mammalian central nervous ... More

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