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Integration of Peripheral and Central Systems in Control of Ingestive and Reproductive Behavior  

Jill E. Schneider

Online publication date:
Jun 2020
During the evolution of animals, survival and reproduction depended upon mechanisms that maintained internal homeostasis in the face of environmental change. These environmental changes ... More

Aging and Olfaction  

Richard L. Doty

Decreased ability to smell is common in older persons. Some demonstrable smell loss is present in more than 50% of those 65 to 80 years of age, with up to 10% having no smell at all ... More

Neuroendocrine and Neuroimmune Mechanisms Regulating the Blood-Brain Barrier  

Divine C. Nwafor, Allison L. Brichacek, Sreeparna Chakraborty, Catheryne A. Gambill, Stanley A. Benkovic, and Candice M. Brown

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) is a dynamic structural interface between the brain and periphery that plays a critical function in maintaining cerebral homeostasis. Over the past two ... More

Paternal Behavior from a Neuroendocrine Perspective  

Caleigh Guoynes and Catherine Marler

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
How hormones and neuromodulators initiate and maintain paternal care is important for understanding the evolution of paternal care and the plasticity of the social brain. The focus here is ... More

Gastropod Learning and Memory (Aplysia, Hermissenda, Lymnaea, and Others)  

Romuald Nargeot and Alexis Bédécarrats

Online publication date:
Feb 2020
Euopisthobranchia (Aplysia), Nudipleura (Tritonia, Hermissenda, Pleurobranchaea), and Panpulmonata (Lymnaea, Helix, Limax) gastropod mollusks exhibit a variety of reflex, rhythmic, and ... More

Gastropod Feeding Systems: Evolution of Neural Circuits that Generate Diverse Behaviors  

Paul Benjamin and Michael Crossley

Online publication date:
Jan 2020
It is conceptually reasonable to explore how the evolution of behavior involves changes in neural circuitry. Progress in determining this evolutionary relationship has been limited in ... More

Mineralocorticoid Receptors and Glucocorticoid Receptors in HPA Stress Responses During Coping and Adaptation  

Edo Ronald de Kloet and Marian Joëls

Online publication date:
Jan 2020
The glucocorticoid hormones cortisol and corticosterone coordinate circadian events and are master regulators of the stress response. These actions of the glucocorticoids are mediated by ... More

Achieving Adaptive Plasticity in the Spinal Cord  

James W. Grau

Online publication date:
Dec 2019
The traditional view of central nervous system function presumed that learning is the province of the brain. From this perspective, the spinal cord functions primarily as a conduit for ... More

Hormones and Animal Communication  

Eliot A. Brenowitz

Animals produce communication signals to attract mates and deter rivals during their breeding season. The coincidence in timing results from the modulation of signaling behavior and neural ... More

Navigation Towards the Source Through Chemosensory Strategies and Mechanisms  

Yaniv Cohen

Online publication date:
Dec 2019
Asymmetry of bilateral visual and auditory sensors has functional advantages for depth visual perception and localization of auditory signals, respectively. In order to detect the spatial ... More

Rapid Adaptive Camouflage in Cephalopods  

Chuan-Chin Chiao and Roger T. Hanlon

Online publication date:
Dec 2019
Visual camouflage change is a hallmark of octopus, squid, and cuttlefish and serves as their primary defense against predators. They can change their total body appearance in less than a ... More

Somatosensory System Organization in Mammals and Response to Spinal Injury  

Corinna Darian-Smith and Karen Fisher

Online publication date:
Dec 2019
Spinal cord injury (SCI) affects well over a million people in the United States alone, and its personal and societal costs are huge. This article provides a current overview of the ... More

Neurobiology of Auditory Hallucinations  

Judith M. Ford, Holly K. Hamilton, and Alison Boos

Online publication date:
Nov 2019
Auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH), also referred to as “hearing voices,” are vivid perceptions of speech that occur in the absence of any corresponding external stimulus but seem very ... More

Role of Sex Hormones on Pain  

Dayna L. Averitt, Rebecca S. Hornung, and Anne Z. Murphy

The modulatory influence of sex hormones on acute pain, chronic pain disorders, and pain management has been reported for over seven decades. The effect of hormones on pain is clearly ... More

Maternal Behavior From a Neuroendocrine Perspective  

Danielle S. Stolzenberg, Kimberly L. Hernandez-D'Anna, Oliver J. Bosch, and Joseph S. Lonstein

Online publication date:
Sep 2019
For female mammals, caring for young until weaning or even longer is an extension of the reproductive burden that begins at insemination. Given the high price females potentially pay for ... More

Neural Mechanisms of Tactile Texture Perception  

Justin D. Lieber and Sliman J. Bensmaia

Online publication date:
Aug 2019
The ability to identify tactile objects depends in part on the perception of their surface microstructure and material properties. Texture perception can, on a first approximation, be ... More

What is a Sequence? The Neural Mechanisms of Perceptual, Motor, and Task Sequences Across Species and Their Interaction with Addiction  

Theresa M. Desrochers and Theresa H. McKim

Online publication date:
Aug 2019
Sequences permeate daily life. They can be defined as a discrete series of items or states that occur in a specific order with a beginning and end. The brain supports the perception and ... More

Gut Dysbiosis and Recovery of Function After Spinal Cord Injury  

Kristina A. Kigerl and Phillip G. Popovich

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
Spinal cord injury (SCI) disrupts the autonomic nervous system (ANS) and impairs communication with organ systems throughout the body, resulting in chronic multi-organ pathology and ... More

Neuroendocrine Influences on Human Sexuality  

Ashlyn Swift-Gallant and S. Marc Breedlove

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
While prenatal sex hormones guide the development of sex-typical reproductive structures, they also act on the developing brain, resulting in sex differences in brain and behavior in animal ... More

Neuroendocrine Regulation of Seasonal Reproduction  

Elisabetta Tolla, Jonathan H. Pérez, Ian C. Dunn, Simone L. Meddle, and Tyler J. Stevenson

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
Neuroendocrine mechanisms control the seasonal reproduction in birds and mammals. Seasonal reproduction is ubiquitous across vertebrate and invertebrate species, and its timing is extremely ... More

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