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## You are looking at  1-4 of 4 articles  for:

• Molecular and Cellular Systems
• Neuroendocrine and Autonomic Systems
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## The Hypocretin Arousal Network

The hypocretins (also known as orexins) are selectively expressed in a subset of lateral hypothalamic neurons. Since the reports of their discovery in 1998, they have been intensely ... More

## Molecular Regulation of Energy Balance

AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a sensor of cellular energy status that monitors the levels of AMP and ADP relative to ATP. If increases in AMP:ATP and/or ADP:ATP ratios are detected ... More

## Neuroimmunology: Behavioral Effects

Bidirectional interactions between the immune system and central nervous system have been acknowledged for centuries. Over the past 100 years, pioneering studies in both animal models and ... More

## Role of Sex Hormones on Pain

The modulatory influence of sex hormones on acute pain, chronic pain disorders, and pain management has been reported for over seven decades. The effect of hormones on pain is clearly ... More

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