Figure 6. The solar photosphere reproduced with state-of-the-art numerical simulations. Top panel is a synthetic image of a simulated sunspot (including umbra, penumbra, and the surrounding quiet-Sun granulation) in the continuum near 6,300 Å. The field of view is 30,000 km×10,000 km. The details of these simulations are presented in Rempel (2012). Bottom panels are synthetic images of plage in the continuum near 5,250 Å (left) and 1.56 μm (right). The field of view is 12,000 km×12,000 km and the average field strength is 200 G. All the snapshots are produced from a 3D radiation MHD code, MURaM. The SPINOR code was used for the synthesis of these continuum images.