Frequently Asked Questions

1. Are the OREs free?

Currently twenty-four OREs are available to institutions by subscription and perpetual access. All other disciplines are freely available as scholarly articles are gradually added to the site. Find out more about each discipline.


2. How can I see the newest ORE articles?

Visit our Recently Published page, or browse content sorted by publication date.


3. Can I print ORE articles?

Yes. To print any article, click the printer icon at the top right of the page, which will take you to a printer-friendly display page that you can print using your web browser. Please note that restrictions apply - see below for guidelines on legal printing and copyright.


4. Can I save articles as PDFs from the OREs?

Yes. You can print or save individual articles to PDF from articles to which you have access. To generate a PDF of an individual article, simply click on the "View PDF" link at the top right of the entry text, then download or print the PDF using your web browser. Please note that copyright restrictions apply.


5. How much material can I legally print/save to PDF from the OREs?

You are limited by copyright restrictions to the amount of information you can print or download. It is very important that you read the Legal Notice, which includes information on printing and downloading PDFs, before printing and downloading anything from the OREs.


6. Which browsers should I use for the OREs?

The OREs are designed to display and function correctly on the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari and MS Edge.


7. How accessible are the OREs? For example, will my screen-reader software work with it?

To help achieve our objective of excellence in research, scholarship and education and as part of our commitment to serving our customers and users, Oxford University Press is striving to make its products accessible to and inclusive of all our users, including those with visual, hearing, cognitive, or motor impairments. Visit the Accessibility page to find out more.


8. Do the OREs support search/retrieval queries?

Yes, please see the SRU help pages for this site.


9. What is your policy on third party data mining?

OUP recognizes the research benefit of Text and Data Mining (TDM) across a variety of research fields. As such, we are happy to accommodate TDM for non-commercial use. If you have any questions please e-mail


10. I would like to reuse or reproduce excerpts from the OREs. Do I need to get permission?

Yes, in order to reuse, reproduce, digitize or translate any excerpt, article and image from the OREs, you need to fill out a permissions request form, available at the following URL:

Depending on your request, please select the appropriate link on the online form, and follow the instructions.


11. How do I use Subscriber Services?

Information about Subscriber Services is available on the toolbar at the top of every page. Library administrators with username and password may also access the central OUP Subscriber Services site to:
• View subscription information and IP addresses
• View your institutional usage reports
If you are a subscriber and cannot log in to OUP Subscriber Services, please contact customer support.


12. How are the Oxford Research Encyclopedia usage reports defined?

Oxford University Press provides usage statistics that are compliant with the COUNTER Code of Practice, Release 5. These reports are designed to be clear, flexible, and consistent. For more information and to access reports for your institution, please see our Usage Statistics page for librarians.

If you have any additional questions, please contact customer support:

North and South America:

Other regions: