Welcome to the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Planetary Science
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Ethics of Planetary Science and Exploration
"Since the launch of Sputnik on October 4, 1957, the development of space activities has provided a kind of evidence for the conduct of human affairs, to the point of neglecting to question these activities from an ethical point of view: only since the beginning of the 2000s has a real ethical interrogation within the space community (French Space Agency, International Space University, COPUOS) been developed, in parallel with international law..." – By Jacques Arnould
Legal Issues Related to Satellite Orbits
"Orbits are unique geophysical features that are best understood as natural resources that are exploitable by humans for a variety of space activities. As with any human activity, the exploitation of these resources results in a variety of legal questions that are driven by their physical features and their uniqueness and scarcity..." – By P.J. Blount
What's New to the OREs
In March 2023, 62 new full articles and 3 revised articles across 23 disciplines have been published on the Oxford Research Encyclopedias platform. Explore the recently published articles now.
One More Encyclopedia Available via Subscription and Perpetual Access
On April 20, the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Global Public Health will be available via subscription and perpetual access. After a successful free period during development, the OREs provide in-depth overviews of the major areas of research and will continue to grow with the field over time. If you're a librarian, explore Subscriber Services to learn how to provide access to the OREs for your institution. If you're not a librarian, you can recommend the OREs to your librarian here.
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