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International Satellite Law  

Frans von der Dunk

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
Subject:
Space Law
International satellite law can best be described as that subset of international space law that addresses the operations of satellites in orbit around the Earth. Excluding, therefore, ... More

International Space Law and Satellite Telecommunications  

Elina Morozova

Subject:
Space Law
This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Planetary Science. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Jets in Planetary Atmospheres  

Timothy E. Dowling

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
Jet streams, “jets” for short, are remarkably coherent streams of air found in every major atmosphere. They have a profound effect on a planet’s global circulation and have been an enigma ... More

Legal Consequences of the Pollution of Outer Space with Space Debris  

Peter Stubbe

Subject:
Space Law
This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Encyclopedia of Planetary Science. Please check back later for the full article. Space ... More

Lunar and Planetary Geology  

Alexander T. Basilevsky

Online publication date:
May 2018
Lunar and planetary geology can be described using examples such as the geology of Earth (as the reference case) and geologies of the Earth’s satellite the Moon; the planets Mercury, Mars ... More

The Magnetosphere of Saturn  

Sarah Badman

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Planetary Science. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

The Magnetosphere of Uranus  

Xin Cao and Carol Paty

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Planetary Science. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Martian Ionospheric Observation and Modeling  

Francisco González-Galindo

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Planetary Science. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Meteorites  

Kun Wang and Randy Korotev

For thousands of years, people living in Egypt, China, Greece, Rome, and other parts of the world have been fascinated by shooting stars, which are the light and sound phenomena commonly ... More

The Moon and Planets in Indigenous California  

E.C. Krupp

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
Anthropologists distinguish the U.S. State of California as a primary zone of prehistoric and tribal North America—it was one of the most linguistically and cultural diverse regions on ... More

Noble Gases  

Mario Trieloff

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
Subject:
Although the second most abundant element in the cosmos is helium, noble gases are also called rare gases. The reason is that they are not abundant on terrestrial planets like the Earth, ... More

Origins of Life: Open Questions and Debates  

André Brack

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Subject:
Astrobiology
Stanley Miller demonstrated in 1953 that it was possible to form amino acids from methane, ammonia, and hydrogen in water, thus launching the ambitious hope that chemists would be able to ... More

The Outer Space Treaty  

Christopher Daniel Johnson

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Subject:
Space Law
Negotiated at the United Nations and in force since 1967, the Outer Space Treaty has been ratified by over 100 countries and is the most important and foundational source of space law. The ... More

Petrology and Geochemistry of Mercury  

Shoshana Z. Weider

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
Subject:
Having knowledge of a terrestrial planet’s chemistry is fundamental to understanding the origin and composition of its rocks. Until recently, however, the geochemistry of Mercury—the Solar ... More

Planetary Magnetic Fields and Dynamos  

Ulrich R. Christensen

Online publication date:
Oct 2019
Since 1973 space missions carrying vector magnetometers have shown that most, but not all, solar system planets have a global magnetic field of internal origin. They have also revealed a ... More

Planet Formation  

Morris Podolak

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
Modern observational techniques are still not powerful enough to directly view planet formation, and so it is necessary to rely on theory. However, observations do give two important clues ... More

The Planets in Aboriginal Australia  

Duane W. Hamacher and Kirsten Banks

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Studies in Australian Indigenous astronomical knowledge reveal few accounts of the visible planets in the sky. However, what information we do have tells us that Aboriginal people are ... More

Planets in Inuit Astronomy  

John MacDonald

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Inuit are an indigenous people traditionally inhabiting the Arctic and sub-Arctic regions of Greenland, Canada, Alaska, and parts of Russia’s Chukchi Peninsula. Across this vast region, ... More

The Pluto−Charon System  

Will Grundy

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
Pluto orbits the Sun at a mean distance of 39.5 AU (astronomical units; 1 AU is the mean distance between the Earth and the Sun), with an orbital period of 248 Earth years. Its orbit is ... More

Registration Convention  

Anja Nakarada Pečujlić

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Planetary Science. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

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