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Registration of Space Objects  

Bernhard Schmidt-Tedd

Subject:
Space Law
This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Encyclopedia of Planetary Science. Please check back later for the full article. Space ... More

Space and Planetary Resources  

Angel Abbud-Madrid

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Planetary Science. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Space Commercialization and the Development of Space Law  

Yun Zhao

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
Shortly after the launch of the first manmade satellite in 1957, the United Nations (UN) took the lead in formulating international rules governing space activities. The five international ... More

Space Governance  

Rajeswari Pillai Rajagopalan

Online publication date:
Aug 2018
Outer space is once again facing renewed competition. Unlike in the earlier decades of space exploration when there were two or three spacefaring powers, by the turn of the 21st century, ... More

Space Law and China  

Fabio Tronchetti

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Subject:
Space Law
China has made remarkable achievements in the space sector and has become one of the most relevant players in the outer space domain. Highlights of this process have been the deployment in ... More

Space Law and Weapons in Space  

Sa'id Mosteshar

Online publication date:
May 2019
Subject:
Space Law
Although legal principles to govern space were discussed as early as the mid-1950s, they were not formalized until the Outer Space Treaty (OST) 1967 was adopted and came into force. The ... More

Space Security Law  

P.J. Blount

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
Subject:
Space Law
The use and exploration of space by humans is historically implicated with international and national security. Space exploration itself was sparked, in part, by the race to develop ... More

The Surface of Venus  

M.A. Ivanov and J.W. Head

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
This chapter reviews the conditions under which the basic landforms of Venus formed, interprets their nature, and analyzes their local, regional, and global age relationships. The strong ... More

Tectonism of Mercury  

Paul K. Byrne

Online publication date:
May 2019
Mercury, like its inner Solar System planetary neighbors Venus, Mars, and the Moon, shows no evidence of having ever undergone plate tectonics. Nonetheless, the innermost planet boasts a ... More

The Formation and Evolution of the Solar System  

Mikhail Marov

Online publication date:
May 2018
The formation and evolution of our solar system (and planetary systems around other stars) are among the most challenging and intriguing fields of modern science. As the product of a long ... More

The Planets in Ancient Egypt  

Joachim Friedrich Quack

Online publication date:
May 2019
The five visible planets are certainly attested to in Egyptian sources from about 2000 bce. The three outer ones are religiously connected with the falcon-headed god Horus, Venus with his ... More

The Planets in Aztec Culture  

Susan Milbrath

Online publication date:
Jun 2019
The Spanish chronicles do not mention planets other than Venus, although they compare certain Aztec gods with classical gods such as Jupiter and Mars. Creation myths recorded by the ... More

The Planets in Pawnee Culture  

Von Del Chamberlain

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
We can be certain that all cultures wondered about the Sun, Moon, planets, and stars, and that they found ways of incorporating what they observed into comprehension of themselves existing ... More

The Structure and Dynamics of the Atmospheres of Pluto and Triton  

Angela M. Zalucha and Jason Cook

Online publication date:
Jun 2019
In addition to ground-based observations beginning in the 1970s, NASA’s Voyager 2 spacecraft flew by Triton in 1989, and NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft flew by Pluto in 2015. Prior to the ... More

The Surface Composition of Terrestrial Planets  

Nicolas Mangold, Jessica Flahaut, and Véronique Ansan

Online publication date:
Aug 2019
Planetary surface compositions are fundamental to an understanding of both the interior activity through differentiation processes and volcanic activity and the external evolution through ... More

Use of Outer Space for Peaceful Purposes  

Martina Smuclerova

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
The great rise and diversification of the use of outer space raises the question of the limitations to space activities. The ultimate restriction posed by space law is the use of outer ... More

Venus in Mesoamerica: Rain, Maize, Warfare, and Sacrifice  

Ivan Šprajc

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
During the last three millennia before the Spanish Conquest, the peoples living in the central and southern parts of modern Mexico and the northern part of Central America evolved into ... More

Vesta and Ceres  

Kevin Righter

Subject:
Small Bodies
This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Planetary Science. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Volcanism on Mercury  

David A. Rothery

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
The history of volcanism on Mercury is almost the entire history of the formation of its crust. There are no recognized tracts of intact primary crust analogous to the Moon’s highland ... More

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