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date: 27 November 2021

The Planetary Boundary Layer of Marslocked

The Planetary Boundary Layer of Marslocked

  • Aymeric SpigaAymeric SpigaSorbonne University, Laboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique(LMD/IPSL), Paris, Franec; Institut de Universitaire de France, Paris, France

Summary

The planetary boundary layer of Mars is a crucial component of the Martian climate and meteorology, as well as a key driver of the surface-atmosphere exchanges on Mars. As such, it is explored by several landers and orbiters; high-resolution atmospheric modeling is used to interpret the measurements by those spacecrafts. The planetary boundary layer of Mars is particularly influenced by the strong radiative control of the Martian surface and, as a result, features a more extreme version of planetary boundary layer phenomena occurring on Earth. In daytime, the Martian planetary boundary layer is highly turbulent, mixing heat and momentum in the atmosphere up to about 10 kilometers from the surface. Daytime convective turbulence is organized as convective cells and vortices, the latter giving rise to numerous dust devils when dust is lifted and transported in the vortex. The nighttime planetary boundary layer is dominated by stable-layer turbulence, which is much less intense than in the daytime, and slope winds in regions characterized by uneven topography. Clouds and fogs are associated with the planetary boundary layer activity on Mars.

Subjects

  • Planetary Atmospheres and Oceans
  • Planetary Surfaces

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