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Letter from the editor

The Concept and Study of Implementation


"Used in daily speech, in its most general meaning the word “implementation” refers to what is expected to follow in order to realize a particular goal, once that goal has been formulated and decided upon. As such, a threefold set of assumptions is implied, concerning a monocausal logic, a specific temporal order, and a relationship of subordination. Once seen as part of the policy process, the concept of policy implementation invokes associations with a normative view on the designability of society, a rationalist look on the relationship between reason and power, and a technocratic perspective on the politics/administration dichotomy...." – By Peter Hupe

Multilateral Crisis Responders: United Nations and Its Partners in Humanitarian Crisis Management


"A humanitarian crisis is the main focus of the United Nations’ (the UN’s) primary organizations and its special agencies since its foundation in 1945. The UN refers to a humanitarian crisis as an event or series of events that represents a critical threat to the health, safety, security, or well-being of a community or other large group of people. The nature of a humanitarian crisis is complex, signifying the importance of the collaboration and coordination among the UN and its multilateral partner agencies in the crisis management process..." – By Bok Gyo Jeong and Jungwon Yeo

What's New to the OREs

In August 2023, 126 full new articles, 15 revised, 0 summary articles, spread across 22 subjects have been published on the Oxford Research Encyclopedias platform.

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