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date: 26 June 2022

Algeria: Military Past as Prologuelocked

Algeria: Military Past as Prologuelocked

  • Paul E. Lenze, Jr.Paul E. Lenze, Jr.Department of Politics and International Affairs, Northern Arizona University

Summary

Algeria is a state in the Maghreb that has been dominated by military rule for the majority of its existence. The National People’s Army (ANP) used nationalism to justify its intervention into politics while ensuring that withdrawal would occur only if national identity were protected. Algeria, similar to other Middle Eastern states, underwent historical trajectories influenced by colonialism, the Cold War, and post-9/11 politics; briefly experimented with democracy; and as a result, experienced the military as the dominant institution in the state.

The resignation of Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika after 20 years of rule in April 2019, following six weeks of popular protest, has raised questions as to whether democratization is possible. Algeria’s history of military involvement in politics, the strength of the military as an institution, and its cooperative links with domestic elites and international actors portend the endurance of authoritarianism for the foreseeable future.

Subjects

  • Contentious Politics and Political Violence
  • World Politics

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