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date: 14 June 2024

Botswana: The Evolution and Influence of the Military in Politicslocked

Botswana: The Evolution and Influence of the Military in Politicslocked

  • David SebudubuduDavid SebudubuduDepartment of Political and Administrative Studies, University of Botswana


The military in Botswana has sustained its withdrawal from active involvement in politics since its formation in 1977. This has made its military one of a few outliers in Africa, owing to its positive record, where active involvement in politics was mostly the norm. Its withdrawal from overt politics can be linked to the evolution and nature of the military in Botswana. At independence, the country had taken a decision not to establish a military. This, in part, explains the lack of an established and known history of the military as an institution in Botswana, when compared to countries such as Nigeria. Consequently, Botswana’s military has historically remained underdeveloped as an institution, as it was established 11 years after the country had gained self-rule. Owing to its withdrawal from politics, the influence of the military in the politics of Botswana could be considered as largely indirect.


  • Political Institutions

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