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date: 13 October 2019

Summary and Keywords

The basic economics of international trade imply that globalization will have driven in the developed democracies of the Western world an increasing divergence between the material advancement of human, physical, and financial capitalists—a minority of the population—and the material stagnation or even decline of labor—a majority. This article reviews that theory and the strong comparative-historical empirical record substantiating those effects, and explains how the rise of xenophobic, nationalistic, anti-elite populism has its complementary roots in these economic developments.

Keywords: comparative advantage, Stolper-Samuelson, globalization, anti-globalization, anti-elite, anti-establishment, populism, comparative and international political economy

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