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Disproportionate Policy Response  

Moshe Maor

Online publication date:
Jan 2017
Disproportionate policy response is understood to be a lack of ‘fit’ or balance between the costs of a public policy and the benefits derived from this policy, and between policy ends and ... More

The Diverging Theory and Practice of International Law  

Leslie Johns

Online publication date:
May 2017
Existing theories of international law are largely state-centric. While international cooperation can benefit all, states are often tempted to violate their promises in order to manage ... More

The Diversification of Deterrence: New Data and Novel Realities  

Shannon Carcelli and Erik A. Gartzke

Deterrence theory is slowly beginning to emerge from a long sleep after the Cold War, and from its theoretical origins over half a century ago. New realities have led to a diversification ... More

Diversionary Theory of War in Foreign Policy Analysis  

Joe D. Hagan

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Diversionary explanations are a key FPA approach to understanding how domestic politics shape foreign policy and, in particular, the resort to force and risk of war, arguing that ... More

Do Campaigns Make a Difference?  

Paul Whiteley

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
The study of political campaigns is very varied in the political science literature. On the one hand, campaigns can involve groups of citizens working together on a local issue of concern ... More

Domestic Coalitions: International Sources and Effects  

Etel Solingen and Peter Gourevitch

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
The centrality of domestic coalitions serves as transmission belts between the domestic and international realms. Despite its long lineage in international and comparative political ... More

Domestic Constraints on Foreign Policy in Authoritarian Systems  

Jessica L. P. Weeks and Cody Crunkilton

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
The question of how domestic institutions influence foreign policy decisions has a long history in the study of international relations. However, until recently most of this research has ... More

Domestic Politics and Foreign Policy  

Binnur Ozkececi-Taner

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Countries differ in size, socioeconomic development, and political regime. They also vary in their political institutionalization and societal structures, military and economic ... More

The Domestic Politics of International Cooperation  

Christina J. Schneider

Online publication date:
May 2018
How does domestic politics affect international cooperation? Even though classic work on international relations already acknowledges the central role of domestic politics in international ... More

Domestic Role Contestation and Foreign Policy  

Juliet Kaarbo and Cristian Cantir

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Scholarship on domestic role contestation arose out of critiques of two frequent assumptions about the impact of national role conceptions (NRCs) on a state’s foreign policy: the ... More

Don't Expose Yourself: Discretionary Exposure to Political Information  

Gaurav Sood and Yphtach Lelkes

The news media have been disrupted. Broadcasting has given way to narrowcasting, editorial control to control by “friends” and personalization algorithms, and a few reputable producers to ... More

Do We Have Too Much Theory in International Relations or Do We Need Less? Waltz Was Wrong, Tetlock Was Right  

Michael D. Ward

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
The field of international relations has developed the notion that world politics is made up of dyads, a thing that no one has actually ever seen. This notion is referred to as a theory by ... More

Dynamic Process Tracing Methods in the Study of Political Decision Making  

Philip Chen

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
Understanding how individuals make political decisions in a complex and ever-changing world requires recognition of the dynamic nature of the environment, as well as theoretical and ... More

Dynamics, Endogeneity, and Complexity in Protest Campaigns  

Karen A. Rasler

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
There is an argument that nonviolent civil resistance or protest campaigns should be studied as dynamic and complex phenomenon, rather than a single case comprised of various attributes, ... More

The Dynamics of Racial Discrimination in Cuba Past and Present  

Esteban Morales and August Nimtz

Online publication date:
Jan 2020
Knowing Cuba’s past is crucial in making sense of the present; that’s especially true when it comes to the question of race. Racial slavery, with its peculiar Latin American ... More

East Africa: Regional Politics and Dynamics  

Walter O. Oyugi and Jimmy Ochieng

Online publication date:
Jun 2019
The East African region historically has comprised Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda. The politics of these countries have been shaped by the colonial heritage bequeathed at independence and its ... More

Ecological Modernization and the Politics of Sustainable Development in the Global Palm Oil Industry  

Rory Padfield

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics. Please check back later for the full article. The ... More

Economic and Monetary Union (EMU)  

Lucia Quaglia

Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) is one of the most important policy areas of the European Union (EU). Academic research on EMU in political science is well-established and ever-evolving, ... More

Economic Incentives as Weapons of War  

Katherine Barbieri

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
International relations scholars tend to differentiate between a state’s use of military and economic instruments of power and also between rewards and punishments. In conflict scenarios, ... More

Economic Interdependence and Conflict  

Hyo Joon Chang and Scott L. Kastner

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
Recent studies on commercial liberalism have paid more attention to microfoundations linking economic interdependence to peace. Using a bargaining model of war, these studies have ... More

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