You are looking at  201-220 of 762 articles

View:

Emotions in Foreign Policy Decision Making  

Rose McDermott

Published Online:
Mar 2017
There are lots of ways that emotions have been studied in psychology and various ways that their use has been examined in the context of foreign policy. Perhaps one of the most useful ways ... More

Empires Versus States  

Josep M. Colomer

Published Online:
Jun 2017
The classical analytical category of “empire,” as opposed to “state,” “city,” “federation,” and other political forms, can account for a large number of historical and current experiences, ... More

Empirical Analyses of Deterrence  

Stephen L. Quackenbush

Published Online:
Aug 2017
Deterrence is an important subject, and its study has spanned more than seven decades. Much research on deterrence has focused on a theoretical understanding of the subject. Particularly ... More

Empirical Evidence for Empirical International Relations Theorizing: Tests of Epistemological Assumptions With Data  

Brian C. Rathbun

Published Online:
Sep 2017
Balancing theory with evidence, in which we form and adjust our theories at least in part based on their performance, might seem to be a part of any social scientific enterprise. However, ... More

Empirical Knowledge on Foreign Military Intervention  

Jeffrey Pickering and David F. Mitchell

Published Online:
Jun 2017
While the empirical literature on foreign military intervention has made considerable progress identifying the causes and consequences of military intervention, we still have much to learn ... More

Empirically Assessing the Bargaining Theory of War: Potential and Challenges  

Erik A. Gartzke and Paul Poast

Published Online:
Aug 2017
What explains war? The so-called bargaining approach has evolved quickly in the past two decades, opening up important new possibilities and raising fundamental challenges to previous ... More

The Empirical Promise of Game Theory  

Alexandre Debs

Published Online:
Aug 2017
Game theory is a set of mathematical tools used to analyze the strategic interaction between decision makers. Proponents of game theory have offered different perspectives about its ... More

Empirics of Stable Peace  

Reşat Bayer

Published Online:
Sep 2017
Much of the empirical international relations research implicitly equates peace with the absence of war. Moreover, causes of war are seen as sufficient for understanding peace. Such an ... More

Energy Policy  

Jale Tosun

Published Online:
Mar 2017
Energy policy comprises rules concerning energy sources; energy efficiency; energy prices; energy from abroad; energy infrastructure; and climate and environmental aspects of energy ... More

The English School: History and Primary Institutions as Empirical IR Theory?  

Barry Buzan and George Lawson

Published Online:
May 2017
How does the English School work as part of Empirical International Relations (IR) theory? The English School depends heavily on historical accounts, and this article makes the case that ... More

Enlargement Policy and European Union Politics  

Eli Gateva

Enlargement has always been an essential part of the European integration. Each enlargement round has left its mark on the integration project. However, it was the expansion of the ... More

Environmental Governance and the (Re-)Making of the African State  

Maano Ramutsindela and Bram Büscher

Published Online:
Mar 2019
State formation processes that are historically associated with the emergence of the modern state as well as the post-colony have been punctuated by the rise of environmentalism, ... More

Environmental Policy and Foreign Policy  

John Barkdull

Published Online:
Jul 2017
International agreements on environmental issues are the result of the coordination of states’ foreign policies. To understand the international politics of the environment requires ... More

E-Participation  

Marta Cantijoch and Rachel Gibson

Published Online:
Jan 2019
The study of e-participation is a young and growing discipline in which controversies are vibrant. One of these is the lack of a widely accepted definition of “e-participation.” Online ... More

Equality and Political Philosophy  

Iwao Hirose and Shlomi Segall

Published Online:
Aug 2016
Equality is an undisputed political and moral value. But until quite recently, political philosophers have not fully explored its complexity. The literature on equality and egalitarianism ... More

Ethics in Foreign Policy  

Dan Bulley

Published Online:
May 2017
Ethics and foreign policy have long been considered different arenas, which can only be bridged with great analytical and practical difficulty. However, with the rise of post-positivist ... More

The Ethics of Voting  

James Stacey Taylor

The first question that is often raised in a discussion of the ethics of voting is whether or not there is a duty to vote. The view that there is a duty to vote is supported by two main ... More

The European Council: Fascination and Frustration of Studying a Key Institution  

Wolfgang Wessels and Linda Dieke

Published Online:
Oct 2018
The observer´s first impression of the European Council is one of tired European Union (EU) leaders who, after dramatic late-night sessions, try to explain ambiguous compromises on key ... More

The European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) and the Committee of the Regions (CoR)  

Diana Panke

In the European Union (EU), there are two consultative committees, the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) and the Committee of the Regions (CoR). Both, the EESC and the CoR are ... More

The European Parliament: A Normal Parliament in a Polity of a Different Kind  

Ariadna Ripoll Servent and Christilla Roederer-Rynning

Published Online:
May 2018
The European Parliament (EP) has grown from a “talking shop” to a fully-fledged legislative body in the European Union (EU)’s bicameral system. This process of communautarization and ... More

View: