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Small State Foreign Policy  

Baldur Thorhallsson and Sverrir Steinsson

Online publication date:
May 2017
Size matters in international relations. Owing to their unique vulnerabilities, small states have different needs, adopt different foreign policies, and have a harder time achieving ... More

Small States in the European Union  

Diana Panke and Julia Gurol

Smaller European Union member states face size-related challenges in the EU multilevel system, such as weighted voting in day-to-day policymaking in which EU secondary law is produced or ... More

Social and Political Power  

Keith Dowding

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Power is a complex topic that is viewed in entirely different ways by different writers. Power can be seen as a property of agents, with some agents having more power than others. It can ... More

Social Capital and Democracy in Africa  

Richard Asante

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
Social capital is a slippery concept that signifies different things for different authors, and its uses are not always consistent. Despite this lack of consensus, most scholars agree on ... More

Social Complexity, Crisis, and Management  

Emery Roe

Because social complexity is rarely defined beforehand, social science discussions often default to natural language concepts and synonyms. Assert a large sociotechnical system is complex ... More

Social Identity Theory: Status and Identity in International Relations  

Deborah Welch Larson

Online publication date:
May 2017
Social identity theory (SIT) from social psychology provides a means to explore the influence of identity and status concerns on foreign policy. The theory argues that groups are motivated ... More

Social Justice, Anti-Poverty Work, and Religion  

Lara Rusch, R. Khari Brown, Ronald E. Brown, and Francine Banner

Rev. Martin Luther King Jr.’s spiritual vision of a Beloved Community, equally valuing all humans, called for direct, transgressive action for political and cultural change. Despite his ... More

Social Media and Elections in Africa  

Iginio Gagliardone

The analysis of the diffusion of social media in Africa and its relevance for politics has been caught in a paradox. On the one hand, social media have been saluted for their newness and ... More

Social Media and Foreign Policy  

Trevor Rubenzer

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
Social media refer to websites and other Internet applications that enable users to create and share content with other users, as well as to react to such content in various ways. As ... More

Social Policy and European Union Politics  

Mary Daly

Online publication date:
Aug 2019
Social policy has a particular character and set of associated politics in the European Union (EU) context. There is a double contestation involved: the extent of the EU’s agency in the ... More

Social Structure and Voting Choice  

Oddbjørn Knutsen

Online publication date:
Jan 2017
The linkage between voters and political parties is to some degree based on stable social cleavages. Such cleavages express important and lasting societal divisions, allow parties and ... More

Sociological Institutionalism and European Integration  

Sabine Saurugger

Online publication date:
May 2017
Sociological institutionalism is part of the larger group of new institutionalisms, which share the basic understanding that institutions matter in social processes. Opposing a more ... More

Soft Balancing  

Huiyun Feng and Kai He

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Soft balancing is a conceptual product of one of the academic debates triggered by unipolarity in world politics. Examination of the soft balancing debate from 2005 to 2016 and critical ... More

Solidarity and European Union Politics  

Andreas Grimmel

Solidarity is one of most contentious and contested concepts in European Union (EU) politics. At the same time, it was, and remains, a central value of European integration that has been ... More

The Somatic Marker Hypothesis and Political Life  

Marco Verweij and Antonio Damasio

Online publication date:
May 2019
The somatic marker hypothesis has not always been fully understood, or properly applied, in political science. The hypothesis was developed to explain the personally and socially harmful ... More

Southern Africa: Regional Politics and Dynamics  

Stephen Chan

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Southern Africa is a region marked by huge tensions caused by the longevity of colonial rule and racial discrimination. Angola, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, and South Africa all achieved ... More

Sovereignty as a Resource and Curse in Africa  

Pierre Englebert

The sovereignty of postcolonial African states is largely derived from their recognition by other states and by the United Nations, irrespective of their actual effectiveness. Such ... More

Space, Mobility and Legitimacy  

Ettore Recchi

While migration has always existed, and its consequences have always been important, few people have lived a mobile life in the history of mankind. Population immobility has recurrently ... More

Special Relationships in Foreign Policy  

Sebastian Harnisch

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Special relationships are durable and exclusive bilateral relations between autonomous polities that are based on mutual expectations of preferential treatment by its members and outsiders ... More

Sport and Politics in Africa  

Michelle Sikes

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
African politics have always had a significant effect on sport, despite cherished mantras that sport and politics are mutually exclusive. Conversely, sport has played a meaningful role in ... More

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