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A Historical Perspective on Violence Against and Policing of LGBTQ Communities  

Courtenay W. Daum

Law enforcement has a lengthy history of policing LGBTQ communities. Throughout the 20th century, police utilized laws prohibiting same-sex sexual conduct to criminalize LGBTQ individuals, ... More

Aid, Political Conditionality, and Other International Efforts to Support Democracy in Africa  

Christine Hackenesch

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
Support for democracy, human rights, and good governance reforms in Africa has become a prominent objective in engagement by European Union (EU) institutions, EU member states, and the ... More

Akamatsu Waves  

Arno Tausch, Leonid Grinin, and Andrey Korotayev

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
In 1937, the Japanese economist Kaname Akamatsu discovered specific links between the rise and decline of the global peripheries. Akamatsu’s theory of development describes certain ... More

Ambivalence in Political Decision Making  

Dane Warner and Jason Gainous

Behavioral research largely treats attitudinal ambivalence as a component of attitude strength. Specifically, attitudinal ambivalence exists when someone simultaneously possesses positive ... More

American Grand Strategy and Political Economy Theory  

Kevin Narizny

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Nearly everything a state does has distributional consequences, including grand strategy. Societal groups with different stakes in the international economy and defense spending often have ... More

American Pragmatism in Foreign Policy Analysis  

Ulrich Franke and Gunther Hellmann

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
This article examines scholarship in the field of foreign policy analysis inspired by the philosophy and social theory of American Pragmatism. Pragmatism is reconstructed as a unified ... More

The American South and LGBT Politics  

Jay Barth

The cultural distinctiveness of the South led to a backlash in the region in the years following the rise of a national LGBTQ movement. In the decades that followed, political science ... More

The Americas in the Trans-Pacific Partnership  

Rubrick Biegon

Online publication date:
Oct 2019
Following the end of the Cold War, the hegemony of the United States in Latin America was intimately related to the globalization of the hemispheric political economy. Free-trade ... More

Analogies and Metaphors and Foreign Policy Decision Making  

William Flanik

Online publication date:
May 2017
Like all decision making, foreign policy decision making (FPDM) requires transferring meaning from one representation to another. Since the end of the Cold War, students of FPDM have ... More

Analytical Liberalism, Neoclassical Realism, and the Need for Empirical Analyses  

Mark R. Brawley

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Two approaches currently enjoy widespread popularity among foreign policy analysts: Analytical Liberalism and Neoclassical Realism. On the surface, they seem remarkably similar. Both ... More

Analytical Marxism  

Nicholas Vrousalis

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
Marxists believe that an understanding of human society presupposes an understanding of the nature of the production of its material surplus and the nature of control over that surplus. ... More

Anger in Political Decision Making  

Cengiz Erisen

Online publication date:
Jan 2020
One of the most frequently evoked emotions on a daily basis is anger. Regardless of time and context, anger is a central emotion of action and motivation. Closely related with a number of ... More

Animal Welfare and Disasters  

Steve Glassey

Online publication date:
Jan 2020
Public policy around animal welfare in disaster management is a new field, both in practice and in research. Early studies in the 1990s paved the way for a wider and more internationally ... More

Anxiety, Fear, and Political Decision Making  

Markus Wagner and Davide Morisi

Online publication date:
Nov 2019
Research has shown emotions affect decision-making in ways that do not simply undermine rationality. Instead, in recent decades researchers have recognized that emotions also motivate and ... More

Approaches to Explaining Regional Conflict and Peace  

Kentaro Sakuwa

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
The pattern of international conflict and peace differs from region to region. Regions differ from each other not only in terms of the simple presence or absence of war but also the degree ... More

Archival Research in Foreign Policy  

Deborah Welch Larson

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
Although more scholars have used archival evidence to analyze foreign policy in recent years, relatively little has been written on the methods involved in using archives as well as the ... More

Arctic Policy in the European Union  

Njord Wegge and Cristina-Elena Merticaru

Online publication date:
Oct 2019
The EU’s Arctic policy process represents and exemplifies a process of foreign-policy formation where forces from the Union’s internal dimension, involving tensions between member-state ... More

A Revisionist Perspective on Framing Effects  

Jiawei Liu and Dietram A. Scheufele

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
There is a dichotomy in framing research that can be traced back to its multidisciplinary origins in psychology and sociology. Definitions of framing rooted in psychology are concerned ... More

Arms Buildups and the Use of Military Force  

David F. Mitchell and Jeffrey Pickering

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
The empirical literature on arms buildups and the use of interstate military force has advanced considerably over the last half century. Research has largely confirmed that a relationship ... More

Arms Control and Arms Reductions in Foreign Policy  

Harald Mueller

Arms control is a strategy by governments to overcome the security dilemma with institutionalized cooperation. It comes in three versions, arms control proper, with stability as the main ... More

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