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The Media and Political Behavior  

Hajo G. Boomgaarden and Rüdiger Schmitt-Beck

Media are key for the functioning of democracy. It is the essential link between politics and citizens, providing critical information and interpretation of politics and room for debate. ... More

Media-Effects Experiments in Political Decision Making  

Bryan Gervais

Recognizing its causal power, contemporary scholars of media effects commonly leverage experimental methodology. For most of the 20th century, however, political scientists and ... More

Media, Electoral Accountability, and Issue Voting  

Jennifer Jerit and Jason Barabas

Online publication date:
Oct 2016
Issue voting concerns the extent to which citizens reward or punish elected officials for their actions or inaction on legislative issues. There are debates about styles of issue voting as ... More

Mediation and Foreign Policy  

Robert U. Nagel and Govinda Clayton

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Mediation is now the most popular form of conflict management, and it has proven to be an effective means of resolving inter- and intrastate disputes. This article offers an overview ... More

Men’s Political Representation  

Elin Bjarnegård

In much research on gender and representation, the constraining factors for women’s political representation have served as a backdrop against which women’s activities are contextualized, ... More

Mercosur and the European Union: Comparative Regionalism and Interregionalism  

Andrés Malamud

Online publication date:
Feb 2020
Integration attempts in Latin America have historically been linked to the European experience. Transatlantic influence has gone from policy learning through institutional mimicry to direct ... More

The Merger Treaty: Creating a Single Commission and Council of the European Communities  

Finn Laursen

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
The Merger Treaty was the first reform of the founding treaties of the European Communities. It was signed by the Member States of the Communities in 1965 and entered into force in 1967. It ... More

Mestizaje, Racial Discrimination, and Inequality in Latin America  

Marcelo Paixão and Irene Rossetto

Latin America ranks highest in the world in markers of social and economic inequality, as well as in the negative effects of inequality on other realms of social life, such as access to ... More

Mexico and the European Union  

Roberto Dominguez and Marlena Crandall

Online publication date:
Dec 2019
The EU–Mexico relationship is symbolic of how a determined commitment to cooperation can lead to enduring partnerships between disparate and geographically distant states. The EU and Mexico ... More

Migrants and Refugees in Africa  

Aderanti Adepoju

Online publication date:
Jun 2019
Intraregional migration of cross-border workers, unskilled and temporary contract workers, undocumented migrants, highly skilled professionals, and refugees characterize the migration ... More

Military Defection and the Arab Spring  

Risa A. Brooks

The protests that began in Tunisia in December 2010, and quickly spread across the Arab world, have drawn significant attention to the impact of militaries and coercive institutions on ... More

The Military in African Politics  

Maggie Dwyer

Online publication date:
May 2019
Interstate conflict has been rare in sub-Saharan Africa and militaries often do not fit the image of a force focused on external threats. Instead, they have often been heavily engaged in ... More

Military Intervention in Interstate and Civil Wars: A Unified Interpretation  

Zachary C. Shirkey

Online publication date:
May 2017
Military intervention into interstate and civil wars is both common and important. It lengthens wars, makes them more severe, and shapes how they are fought. Even the mere possibility of ... More

Modern Populism: Research Advances, Conceptual and Methodological Pitfalls, and the Minimal Definition  

Takis S. Pappas

Populism is one of the most dynamic fields of comparative political research. Although its study began in earnest only in the late 1960s, it has since developed through four distinct waves ... More

Moral Emotions in Political Decision Making  

Eran Halperin and Noa Schori-Eyal

Online publication date:
Jun 2019
Moral emotions such as guilt, shame, and pride play a central role in motivating and regulating many of people’s thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. When moral emotions are experienced on ... More

Morality Policy  

Eva-Maria Euchner

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
Morality policies are a specific set of public issues that provoke fierce debates over the “right way” of living. Popular examples are the referendum on same-sex marriage in Ireland in ... More

More Than Mixed Results: What We Have Learned From Quantitative Research on the Diversionary Hypothesis  

Benjamin O. Fordham

Online publication date:
May 2017
In the three decades since Jack Levy published his seminal review essay on the topic, there has been a great deal of quantitative research on the proposition that state leaders can use ... More

Mormon Mobilization in Contemporary U.S. Politics  

Matthew R. Miles and Jason M. Adkins

In 2012, the Republican Party selected a Mormon, Mitt Romney, as their nominee for U.S. president. After decades of persecution and suspicion, many felt like the LDS Church was finally ... More

Motivated Reasoning and Political Decision Making  

Toby Bolsen and Risa Palm

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
Motivated reasoning is a pervasive force in politics. The concept of motivated reasoning was developed and elaborated in both psychology and economics as a way of understanding the way in ... More

Multiculturalism and Political Philosophy  

Annamari Vitikainen

Online publication date:
May 2017
Multiculturalism has been used both as a descriptive and a normative term, as well as a term referring to particular types of state policies. As a descriptive term, ... More

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