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The Strategic Use of State Repression and Political Violence  

Jacqueline H. R. deMeritt

Online publication date:
Oct 2016
Repression is the act of subduing someone by institutional or physical force. Political violence is a particular form of repression involving the use of physical force to achieve political ... More

Strategic Violence Among Religious Parties in Pakistan  

Niloufer Siddiqui

Islamist parties in Pakistan are theologically diverse but grouped as such because of their belief in the state enforcement of religious law (shariah). While they have only achieved modest ... More

The Structure and Performance of African Electoral Commissions  

Jørgen Elklit

Electoral commissions are organizations responsible for the conduct of elections and referendums. Their performance level is of paramount importance for the development of electoral ... More

Suffrage Rights  

Humberto Llavador

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
The historical evolution of the right to vote offers three observations. First, almost all groups have seen their voting rights challenged at some point in time, and almost all political ... More

Suicide Terrorism Theories  

Susanne Martin and Ami Pedahzur

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Suicide terrorism has captured considerable attention since the attacks on September 11, 2001. Governments offered unprecedented support for scholars who were willing to research the ... More

Support for Democracy  

Robert Mattes

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
With the worldwide wave of democratization, scholars interested in the preservation of the new democracies dusted off old theories of regime maintenance. While commonly sharing the ... More

The Supreme Court Decision Making Process  

Timothy R. Johnson

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
The U.S. Supreme Court is but one of three political institutions within the structure of the U.S. federal government. Within this system of separated powers it rules on the ... More

Surveys and Their Use in Understanding African Public Opinion  

Jeffrey Conroy-Krutz

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
In the last two decades, there has been a significant increase in the number of public opinion surveys in Africa. While experts on economic development and health had long been collecting ... More

Sweden and the European Union  

Karl Magnus Johansson

Online publication date:
May 2017
Membership in the European Union (EU) entails adjustments or changes in national democracies. Sweden joined the EU in 1995, and EU membership has given rise to controversies in the public ... More

Symbolic Politics as International Relations Theory  

Stuart J. Kaufman

Online publication date:
May 2017
The symbolic politics theory of ethnic war starts from the insight that most political behavior is not rational but intuitive, driven by “symbolic predispositions” such as ideological ... More

Systemic Causes of Civil Wars  

Ann Hironaka

Online publication date:
May 2017
Civil wars in the contemporary world are deeply interpenetrated by international influences. There are six different conceptions of the international system and their effects on civil ... More

Systemic Leadership, Energy Considerations, and the Leadership Long-Cycle Perspective  

William R. Thompson and Leila Zakhirova

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
System leaders, sometimes referred to as hegemons or world powers, emerge based on a foundation of technological innovation and global military reach. To this foundation energy is now ... More

Taking China Seriously: Relationality, Tianxia, and the “Chinese School” of International Relations  

Salvatore Babones

China’s economic rise has been accompanied by the maturation and increasing professionalization of academic disciplines in China, including the discipline of international relations. The ... More

Taxation and Spending in Latin America  

David Doyle

Online publication date:
Aug 2018
The battle over state redistribution, and the means to pay for welfare transfers, lies at the heart of contemporary political economy. This has been one of the central plinths of political ... More

Technocratic Government and Economic Policy  

Despina Alexiadou

The surge in the appointments of technocrats to the top economic portfolios of finance since the 2009 Great Recession, and even the formation of fully technocratic governments in Europe, ... More

The Territorial Peace: A Research Program  

Douglas M. Gibler

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
The first argument that the democratic peace may, in fact, be the product of a larger, territorial peace among states was published in 2007. The argument was based on the strong findings ... More

The Territorial Peace: Theory, Evidence, and Implications  

Marc L. Hutchison and Daniel G. Starr

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
The territorial peace theory predicts that neighboring states with stable borders not only avoid conflict but that the removal of territorial threat facilitates the democratization process ... More

Territory, Contentious Issues, and International Relations  

Paul R. Hensel

Online publication date:
May 2017
Territorial issues have been prominent causes of armed conflict and war in the modern era. This observation has led to a rapidly growing body of academic literature on the sources, ... More

Terrorism and Foreign Policy  

Brian Lai

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
The effect of foreign policy on terrorism is an important area of research that bridges work on international relations and intrastate conflict by highlighting how an outside country can ... More

Terrorism and Religion: An Overview  

Peter Henne

The terrorist attacks of 9/11—in which al-Qaeda operatives flew airplanes into the World Trade Center and the Pentagon and attempted to crash an additional plane into the Capitol Building ... More

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