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Satisficing in Political Decision Making  

Daniel Stevens

The idea of satisficing as a decision rule began with Herbert Simon. Simon was dissatisfied with the increasingly dominant notion of individuals as rational decision-makers who choose ... More

The Schuman Plan and the Start of Supranational European Integration  

Piers Ludlow

Online publication date:
May 2019
France turned to European integration out of an awareness of the weakness of its international position in 1950. In particular it was conscious of the way in which it had been marginalized ... More

The Search for Real-World Media Effects on Political Decision Making  

Thomas J. Leeper

Empirical media effects research involves associating two things: measures of media content or experience and measures of audience outcomes. Any quantitative evidence of correlation ... More

Searching for Middle Powers  

Laura Neack

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
What is a “middle power,” and what foreign policy is associated with it? Scholars and diplomats in Canada, Australia, and a more or less stable collection of northern countries—and ... More

Secession and Recognition in Foreign Policy  

James Ker-Lindsay

Online publication date:
May 2017
There are few questions more interesting and more important for the international community than the issue of how new states are created and accepted into the wider global system through ... More

Secularism and Politics  

Jeremiah J. Castle and Patrick L. Schoettmer

An increasingly important area within the subfield of religion and politics is the study of secularism, an ideology that seeks to limit the influence of religion in public and private ... More

Secularism and Religion  

Steven Kettell

The boundary between the religious and the secular spheres of life is contested in many parts of the world. From the latter decades of the 20th century, controversies over issues such as ... More

Secularization, Secularity, and Secularism in the New Millennium: Macro-theories and Research  

Jörg Stolz and Pascal Tanner

In the second half of the 20th century, theories on secularization and secularism have been dominated by three approaches: secularization theory, individualization theory, and market ... More

Securitization Theory and Foreign Policy Analysis  

Roxanna Sjöstedt

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Since it was launched in the mid-1990s, the concept of securitization has consistently been in vogue, at least among European scholars of world politics and security studies. The idea of ... More

The Selectorate Theory and International Politics  

Randolph M. Siverson and Bruce Bueno de Mesquita

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
The Selectorate Theory is based upon one simple, perhaps even commonplace assumption: Once in office, leaders want to remain in office. They have a variety of tools to enhance their ... More

The Separation of Powers in African Constitutionalism  

Charles Manga Fombad

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
One reason why dictatorships flourished in Africa until the 1990s was that constitutions concentrated excessive powers in presidents. The democratic revival of the 1990s led to the ... More

Sequences in Foreign Policy Decision Making  

Binnur Ozkececi-Taner

Online publication date:
May 2017
Discussion of some representative work from the scholars of foreign policy provides a review of the literature that can guide researchers in examining the separate yet interrelated stages ... More

Serbia and the European Union  

Matteo Bonomi and Milica Uvalic

Serbia is negotiating European Union (EU) membership, a process that started in 2014 after the Brussels-mediated agreement between Kosovo and Serbia was signed in April 2013. Although the ... More

Sex Reclassification for Trans and Gender Nonconforming People: From the Medicalized Body to the Privatized Self  

Ido Katri

Sex reclassification is a core issue of gender nonconforming legal engagements. Access to proper identification documents for trans and nonbinary people relates to lower levels of exposure ... More

Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity, and Political Decision Making  

Ewa A. Golebiowska

Public opinion on LGBT Americans’ rights has become more supportive of equal treatment over time. The movement toward greater egalitarianism has been particularly pronounced on attitudes ... More

Signaling in Foreign Policy  

Erik A. Gartzke, Shannon Carcelli, J Andres Gannon, and Jiakun Jack Zhang

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
Costly signaling offers a solution to many foreign policy dilemmas. Though most commonly studied in the context of the bargaining theory of war, signaling can also play an important role ... More

Simulation and ABM in Foreign Policy  

Ravi Bhavnani and David Sylvan

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
On several occasions in the past 70 years, simulation as a research program in FPA rose, then fell. We begin by defining what we mean by simulations before reviewing the two main streams ... More

Slovakia and the European Union  

Peter Loedel

Online publication date:
Aug 2019
Slovakia’s most recent crisis of identity involving the murder of journalist Jan Kuciak and his fiancée Martina Kusnirova, and the subsequent anti-government protests (the largest since ... More

Slovenia and the European Union  

Ana Bojinović Fenko and Marjan Svetličič

Despite having fought for their bare survival against hostile foreigners, after finally reaching their independence and international recognition in 1991/92, paradoxically, even before ... More

Slum Politics in Africa  

Jacqueline M. Klopp and Jeffrey W. Paller

Online publication date:
May 2019
Africa’s growing slums are complex, diverse neighborhoods with their own histories. Currently, these places, characterized by spatially concentrated poverty and human rights abuses, are ... More

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