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HIV/AIDS Politics and Policy in U.S. States and Localities  

Patricia Siplon

From the earliest days of its recognition in the United States, the condition that came to be known as acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) has been associated with the gay community. ... More

HIV/AIDS Politics and Policy in Eastern Europe and Central Asia  

Ulla Pape

Eastern Europe and Central Asia (EECA) is the only region in the world where annual HIV infection rates continue to grow. According to the Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), ... More

HIV/AIDS Politics and Policy in Europe  

Paul DeBell

HIV/AIDS in Europe highlights the centrality of politics at local, state, and international levels to the successes and failures in fighting transnational, global threats. Though several ... More

HIV and AIDS in Africa: Global Politics and Domestic Consequences  

Alan Whiteside

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
AIDS is a new disease that was first recorded in 1981. In the 1980s and early 1990s, there were concerns that it would decimate populations; prevention was slow to take hold, and there was ... More

Ideas and Political Mobilization in Africa  

Anne Heffernan

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
Ideas play a key role in political mobilization around the world, and often ideas travel cross-nationally. It is important to recognize the diverse influences and iterative processes that ... More

Identity and Foreign Policy  

Srdjan Vucetic

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Identity has come to figure prominently in the study of foreign policy since the 1990s when it was first introduced by constructivist theorists in International Relations. Consensus on what ... More

The Impact and Conceptualization of Religious Identity Across Disciplinary Perspectives  

K. Amber Curtis and Laura R. Olson

Religion is among the most powerful forces in the world and therefore one of the most prominent sources of both individual and group identification. Because of this, scholars have spent ... More

The Inclusion-Moderation Thesis: India’s BJP  

Lars Tore Flåten

In 1925, the Hindu nationalist organization Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) was founded. The main aim of the RSS was to make India into a nation state defined according to Hindu cultural ... More

Indigenous Movements in Latin America  

Marc Becker and Richard Stahler-Sholk

Online publication date:
Aug 2019
Political developments in Latin America have driven academic interest in Indigenous movements. This phenomenon emerged most clearly in the aftermath of massive uprisings that led to a flood ... More

Indigenous Political Representation in Latin America  

Roberta Rice

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Indigenous peoples have become important social and political actors in contemporary Latin America. The politicization of ethnic identities in the region has divided analysts into those who ... More

Indigenous Politics and Resistance in Latin America: Continuity and Change  

Pascal Lupien

Indigenous social movements have become influential political actors in Latin America over the past three decades. Indigenous peoples continue to experience higher than average political, ... More

The Influence of Psychological Security Maintenance on Political Decision Making  

Joshua Hart

People are strongly motivated to maintain psychological security, or equanimity, which causes them to process and act on information in ways that are favorable to protecting against anxiety ... More

Interest Organizations and European Union Politics  

Justin Greenwood

Interest representation plays a systemic role in European Union (EU) policymaking and integration, recognized as such in the Treaty on European Union. Interest organizations supply ... More

Intergovernmental Organizations and LGBT Issues  

Christina Kiel and Jamie Campbell

Online publication date:
Jun 2019
Intergovernmental organizations (IGOs) and international institutions have proliferated since the end of World War II. This development has changed the landscape of international relations ... More

Intersectional Stereotyping in Political Decision Making  

Erin C. Cassese

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
Intersectionality is an analytic framework used to study social and political inequality across a wide range of academic disciplines. This framework draws attention to the intersections ... More

The Intersection of LGBT Rights and Religious Beliefs in the United States  

Emily R. Gill

Online publication date:
Dec 2019
Tension has long existed in the United State between the equality claims of LGBT individuals, on the one hand, and free exercise claims by those who hold that compelling equal treatment ... More

Islam and Islamic Studies in Scandinavia  

Susanne Olsson and Simon Sorgenfrei

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
Islam in the Scandinavian countries—Denmark, Norway, and Sweden—has a long history. There are evidences of contacts between Scandinavia and the Muslim world at least since the Middle Ages. ... More

Islam, Sexuality, and Gender Identity  

Sharyn Graham Davies

Online publication date:
Dec 2019
The terms LGBT and Islam mentioned together in a sentence rarely evoke positive connotations. Rather, LGBT and Islam are often considered inherently incompatible. While there is little ... More

Legal and Policy Battles Over Same-Sex Relationships  

Erez Aloni

Online publication date:
Oct 2019
Since the 1980s, lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) social movements worldwide have put significant energy into securing relationship rights. In the 1970s, however, the ... More

LGBT and Queer Politics in the Commonwealth  

Matthew Waites

The Commonwealth is the international governmental organization of states that emerged from the British empire, and since 2000 it has emerged as a focus for contestation relating to the ... More

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