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Terrorism and Religion: Palestine  

Arie Perliger

In its early stages the Israeli-Palestinian conflict was dominated by two secular nationalist movements, which marginalized religious practices and institutions. However, since the early ... More

Terrorism as a Global Wave Phenomenon: An Overview  

David C. Rapoport

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Global terror began in the 1880s, but it took a century before a few scholars began to understand its peculiar dynamic. One reason for the difficulty was that many scholars and government ... More

Terrorism as a Global Wave Phenomenon: Anarchist Wave  

David C. Rapoport

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
The First Wave of global terrorism began in Russia. After Russia was humiliated in the Crimean War (1853–1856), Czar Alexander II decided to make it more like Western states which seemed ... More

Terrorism as a Global Wave Phenomenon: Anti-Colonial Wave  

David C. Rapoport

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
The Versailles Treaty ending World War I established a new international order by creating the League of Nations and, dividing the defeated empires in Europe into a number of ... More

Terrorism as a Global Wave Phenomenon: New Left Wave  

David C. Rapoport

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
By the 1960s the international world changed dramatically. While the nuclear balance of terror created by the atomic bomb prevented war between the First and the Second Worlds, proxy wars ... More

Terrorism as a Global Wave Phenomenon: Religious Wave  

David C. Rapoport

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Time gaps existed in the first three waves between precipitating political events and the development of terrorist activity. But now the time gap has disappeared because the precipitating ... More

The Foreign Policy Implications of Financial Crises  

Ronja Kempin

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
To what extent is the “Euro-crisis” a problem for the EU’s international standing and role? A conceptual framework has been developed based on the five distinct analytical categories: (a) ... More

The Foreign Relations of Subnational Governments  

Samuel Lucas McMillan

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Subnational governments are increasingly involved in foreign policy and foreign relations in activities usually labeled as paradiplomacy or constituent diplomacy. This phenomenon is due to ... More

The Inclusion Moderation Thesis: The U.S. Republican Party and the Christian Right  

Andrew R. Lewis

Conservative Christianity’s alignment with the Republican Party at the end of the 20th century is one of the most consequential political developments, both for American religion and ... More

The Inclusion-Moderation Thesis: Turkey's AKP, From Conservative Democracy to Conservatism  

Ayhan Kaya

The discussion on the relevance of the “inclusion-moderation” thesis to Islamist parties has always been very stimulating. The rise of the Justice and Development Party (AKP, Adalet ve ... More

The Theoretical and Empirical Approaches to Uncertainty and Conflict in International Relations  

Muhammet A. Bas and Robert Schub

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Uncertainty is pervasive in international politics. This uncertainty can have many sources. Each source has different origins and implications for the likelihood of conflict. Existing ... More

Theoretical Diversity in International Relations: Dominance, Pluralism, and Division  

Thomas C. Walker

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
The question of theoretical dominance has been the source of longstanding debates in the field of International Relations (IR). The folklore of the field tells of how realism fell from ... More

Theoretical Perspectives on Subnational Public Policy and LGBT Law  

Jason Pierceson

Subnational policymaking is central to LGBT politics and law, in contrast to other arenas of policymaking for marginalized groups. With barriers to national policymaking in Congress and in ... More

Theoretical Underpinnings of a Global Social Contract  

Takashi Inoguchi

Online publication date:
May 2017
In modeling a global social contract, theoretical underpinnings are provided, drawing from Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s The Social Contract and John Locke’s Two Treatises of Government. The ... More

Theories of Civil War Onset: Promises and Pitfalls  

Adrian Florea

Online publication date:
May 2017
Empirical research on civil war onset has been largely dominated by two approaches: a correlational or “correlates of civil war” approach which seeks to identify country-level ... More

Theories of International Norm Contestation: Structure and Outcomes  

Jeffrey S. Lantis

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
First-generation constructivist theories argue that international norms are constitutive and regulative—that they shape state behaviors and promote international cooperation. Theories ... More

Theories of Interstate Peace  

Paul F. Diehl and Gary Goertz

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Few theoretical formulations are specifically devoted to accounting for peace, as opposed to war. Nevertheless, the occurrence of peace requires a different explanation than that for war. ... More

Theorizing the U.S. Supreme Court  

Charles M. Cameron and Lewis A. Kornhauser

Online publication date:
Jan 2017
We summarize the formal theoretical literature on Supreme Court decision-making. We focus on two core questions: What does the Supreme Court of the United States do, and how can one model ... More

Theory and Evidence Regarding the Effectiveness of Human Rights Treaties  

Daniel W. Hill, Jr.

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
The adoption by the United Nations of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948 marked the beginning of the modern international human rights regime. Since then the number of ... More

The Theory of Lateral Pressure: Highlights of Quantification and Empirical Analysis  

Nazli Choucri and Gaurav Agarwal

The term lateral pressure refers to any tendency (or propensity) of states, firms, and other entities to expand their activities and exert influence and control beyond their established ... More

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