You are looking at  901-920 of 973 articles

View:

Toward an Evolutionary Theory of International Relations  

Rose McDermott and Christian Davenport

Online publication date:
Jan 2017
The current practice of conceiving and examining international relations within the dogma of the existing dominant paradigm in international relations unnecessarily truncates our ... More

Trade and Culture  

Kerry A. Chase

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
Government policies to protect and promote national culture are a perennial issue in the trading system. Controversy over trade and culture, in almost every instance, swirls around ... More

Trade Union Politics in Sub-Saharan Africa  

Nick Bernards

Although unionized workers have rarely represented more than a small minority of the population anywhere in sub-Saharan Africa, trade unions have played, and continue to play, a ... More

Trade Unions and Politics in Latin America  

Graciela Bensusán

Online publication date:
Aug 2019
The links between unions and political parties have been present throughout much of the 20th century and early 21st century in most Latin American countries. Since these links were ... More

Trade Unions in South Africa  

Ari Sitas and Bianca Tame

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics. Please check back later for the full article. South ... More

Traditional Institutions of Governance in Africa  

Kidane Mengisteab

Online publication date:
May 2019
Most African countries are characterized by parallel institutions, one representing the formal laws of the state and the other representing the traditional institutions that are adhered to ... More

Traditional Leaders and Development in Africa  

Lauren Honig

Traditional leaders have a significant role in the social, political, and economic lives of citizens in countries throughout Africa. They are defined as local elites who derive legitimacy ... More

Transfer and Learning: Do They Go Together?  

David P. Dolowitz

Online publication date:
May 2017
While a phenomena dating back to antiquity, it wasn’t until the 1960s that American and European social scientists began seriously discussing occurrences in which it appeared as if ... More

Transgender and Nonbinary Gender Policy in the Public Sector  

Nicole M. Elias

Online publication date:
May 2019
Our understanding and treatment of gender in the United States has evolved significantly over the past four decades. Transgender individuals in the current U.S. context enjoy more rights ... More

Transgender Law and Policy in the United States  

Shannon Gilreath

Online publication date:
Feb 2020
Transgender people have a complicated history in U.S. law and policy. Once thought of as a symptom of homosexuality, gender nonconformity has long been the subject of social disapprobation ... More

Transgender Rights Interest Groups in the United States  

Anthony J. Nownes

Online publication date:
May 2019
Although the Trump Administration has been decidedly unfriendly to transgender Americans, there is no question that transgender people have made substantial policy, political, and societal ... More

Transgender-Specific Policy in Latin America  

Baird Campbell

The situation of trans rights in Latin America varies greatly by country and region despite a binding 2017 opinion from the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (IACHR) clarifying member ... More

Transitional Justice During Armed Conflict  

Cyanne E. Loyle

Armed conflict is ultimately about the violent confrontation between two or more groups; however, there is a range of behaviors, both violent and nonviolent, pursued by governments and ... More

Transnational Social Movements in Latin America  

Marisa von Bülow

Online publication date:
Sep 2019
Latin American transnational social movements (TSMs) are key actors in debates about the future of global governance. Since the 1990s, they have played an important role in creating new ... More

Transport Policy and European Union Policy  

Cyril Alias, Bernd Kleinheyer, and Carla Fieber-Alias

In an integrated European Union, transport would be expected to be a major enabler of economic development and consumer services. This role, however, was not acknowledged, though laid down ... More

The Treaties of Rome  

Kiran Klaus Patel

Online publication date:
May 2019
Together with the Treaty of Paris (1951), which established the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), the two Treaties of Rome (1957) were the founding treaties of today’s European ... More

Treaty of Paris  

Desmond Dinan

Online publication date:
Feb 2020
On June 20, 1950, representatives of six countries (Belgium, France, the Federal Republic of Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands) met in Paris to launch what became the first ... More

Trial Courts in the United States  

Christina L. Boyd and Adam G. Rutkowski

Online publication date:
Feb 2020
Trial court judges are often referred to as the workhorses of the judicial system. This is unsurprising given that millions of civil and criminal cases are filed and resolved in U.S. state ... More

Trust and Social Relations in African Politics  

Dominic Burbidge

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
Africa is a place of low social trust. This fact is significant for understanding the politics and economics of the region, whether for questions of national unity or economic coordination ... More

Turkey and the European Union  

Birol A. Yesilada

Online publication date:
Feb 2020
The partnership between the European Union (EU) and Turkey has been unlike any other accession process. Turkey has had a close relationship with Western Europe since it joined the National ... More

View: