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Academic Capitalism  

Richard Münch

Online publication date:
May 2016
Academic capitalism is a unique hybrid that unites the scientific search for truth and the economic maximization of profits. It turns universities into enterprises competing for capital ... More

Accountability and Responsibility  

Robert Gregory

Accountability and responsibility are related ideas that are central to political, constitutional, and institutional arrangements in Western liberal democracies. However, political elites ... More

Activism of Political Parties in Africa  

George M. Bob-Milliar

Since the early 1990s, African states have been democratizing. Political parties now dominate the public spaces in many African democracies. The past 26 years have witnessed the growth and ... More

Administrative Culture  

Muiris MacCarthaigh and Leno Saarniit

Administrative culture is an established and prominent theme in public administration research. It is frequently used to explain or contextualize a variety of phenomena in the discipline, ... More

Administrative Styles and Policy Styles  

Louisa Bayerlein and Christoph Knill

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
There are distinct characteristics to the ways and procedures through which public administrations typically accomplish their daily tasks. The informal routines that characterize the ... More

Adoption and Evolution of Cash Transfer Programs in Latin America  

Fabián A. Borges

Online publication date:
Oct 2019
The last two decades witnessed an unprecedented decline in poverty across the developing world, a decline partly explained by the adoption of social cash transfer programs. Ironically, ... More

The Advocacy Coalition Framework  

Paúl Cisneros

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics. Please check back later for the full article. Paul ... More

Advocacy Coalitions in Foreign Policy  

Jonathan Pierce and Katherine Hicks

Online publication date:
May 2017
The advocacy coalition framework (ACF) was developed to explain policy processes where contentious coalitions of actors seek to translate competing belief systems into public policy. ... More

Affective Intelligence and Emotional Dynamics in Voters’ Decision Making Processes  

Pavlos Vasilopoulos

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
Affective intelligence theory offers a novel and systematic treatment on the impact of affective reactions on citizens’ information processes and political decisions based on neuroscience. ... More

African Agency in International Politics  

Jonathan Fisher

International Relations theory has tended to overlook the role of Africa and Africans in the international system. Traditionally, the discipline’s most influential theorists have focused ... More

The African Union: Successes and Failures  

Thomas Kwasi Tieku

The African Union (AU), an international organization comprising all 54 independent states in Africa and Western Sahara, was established in May 2001 to, among other things, promote ... More

The Aftermaths of Civil Conflicts  

Jaclyn M. Johnson and Clayton L. Thyne

Online publication date:
May 2017
The devastating Syrian civil war that began after the Arab Spring in 2011 has reminded the international community of the many consequences of civil war. However, this conflict is simply ... More

Agency and Structure in Foreign Policy Analysis  

Jarrod Hayes

Online publication date:
Aug 2018
For much of the history of the study of international relations, and of foreign policy as a distinctive subfield, scholars have debated the relative weight of agency and structure in ... More

Agenda Setting and Case Selection on the U.S. Supreme Court  

Elizabeth A. Lane and Ryan C. Black

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
The Supreme Court’s docket consists of thousands of cases each term, with petitioners hoping at least four justices will be compelled to grant review to their case. The decision to move a ... More

Agenda Setting and the Policy Process: Focusing Events  

Thomas A. Birkland and Kathryn L. Schwaeble

Online publication date:
Jun 2019
Agenda setting is a crucial aspect of the public policy process. Sudden, rare, and harmful events, known as focusing events, can be important influences on the policy process. Such events ... More

Agenda Setting in Political Decision Making  

Jonathan Klüser and Marco Radojevic

Online publication date:
Oct 2019
Research on policy agendas and agenda-setting has developed into an important subdiscipline of comparative politics, which seeks to understand how political actors allocate scarce ... More

Agent-Based Computational Modeling and International Relations Theory: Quo Vadis?  

Claudio Cioffi-Revilla

Agent-based computational modeling (ABM, for short) is a formal and supplementary methodological approach used in international relations (IR) theory and research, based on the general ABM ... More

The Age-Structural Theory of State Behavior  

Richard Cincotta

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
Over the past three decades, economic and political demographers, using various measures, have discerned that increased age-structural maturity makes significant statistical contributions ... More

Agrarian Elites and Democracy in Latin America after the Third Wave  

Belén Fernández Milmanda

Online publication date:
Jun 2019
The historical role of landed elites as obstacles to democratic consolidation in Latin America has been widely studied. Four decades after the onset of the third wave, however, the issue ... More

A Historical Perspective on Violence Against and Policing of LGBTQ Communities  

Courtenay W. Daum

Law enforcement has a lengthy history of policing LGBTQ communities. Throughout the 20th century, police utilized laws prohibiting same-sex sexual conduct to criminalize LGBTQ individuals, ... More

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