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date: 05 December 2022

Securitization Theory and Foreign Policy Analysislocked

Securitization Theory and Foreign Policy Analysislocked

  • Roxanna SjöstedtRoxanna SjöstedtDepartment of Political Science, Lund University


Since it was launched in the mid-1990s, the concept of securitization has consistently been in vogue, at least among European scholars of world politics and security studies. The idea of viewing security as intersubjective, where anyone or anything can be a threat if constructed as such, is both an appealing and useful conceptualization when analyzing security issues beyond the traditional, realist, state-centric view of security being equal to military issues. However, the precise aspects that make securitization appealing have also limited its broader impact on security studies or foreign policy analysis (FPA), as these fields often adhere to the assumption of threats being actor-based and external. Nevertheless, several studies demonstrate that both the theoretical assumptions of securitization theory and prior empirical applications of these assumptions are useful when analyzing different policy and security issues, and the concept can be applied to a broad range of issue areas, contexts, and actors. Although many studies are not self-proclaimed analyses of foreign policy, they capture important dynamics of the internal-external security nexus that epitomize politics in the globalized era. A securitization framework can bring added value to FPA.


  • World Politics

Updated in this version

Article text and references were updated and revised. Figure 1 has been updated. The conclusions and bibliography have also been updated.

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