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Social Participation and Volunteering in Later Life  

Nancy Morrow-Howell, Yi Wang, and Takashi Amano

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
Social participation is a key element of a healthy later life; and from a life course perspective, social participation declines in later life, due to separation from employment and ... More

Social Psychology and Language  

Susan Baker, Bernadette Watson, and Cindy Gallois

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Psychology. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Social Relationships Across Adulthood and Old Age  

Cornelia Wrzus and Jenny Wagner

Online publication date:
Oct 2018
Over the entire life span, social relationships are essential ingredients of human life. Social relationships describe regular interactions with other people over a certain period and ... More

Sociocultural Aspects of Sport Injury and Recovery  

Diane M. Wiese-Bjornstal

Online publication date:
Oct 2018
The sociocultural aspects of sport injury and recovery include the broad landscape of social beliefs, climates, processes, cultures, institutions, and societies that surround the full ... More

A Sociocultural–Constructionist Epistemology for the Psychology of Aging  

Roger L. Peterson and Katherine A. Lambos

A sociocultural-constructionist epistemology stands alongside more traditional psychology epistemologies for the study of aging. These positions are not commensurable. Based on Donald ... More

Spatial Development  

Jeffrey J. Lockman, Nicholas E. Fears, and Emily A. Lewis

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Spatial ability is manifest across different psychological domains, including perception, action, and cognition. The development of spatial understanding originates in the ... More

Specific Language Impairment  

Laurence B. Leonard

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
Children with specific language impairment (SLI) have a significant deficit in their ability to acquire language that cannot be attributed to intellectual disability, neurological damage, ... More

Speech Comprehension and Cognition in Adult Aging  

Nicole D. Ayasse, Alexis R. Johns, and Arthur Wingfield

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
The comprehension of spoken language is a complex skill that requires the listener to map the acoustic input onto the meaningful units of speech (phonemes, syllables, and words). At the ... More

Spiritual and Religious Sources of Indian Psychology  

Kiran Kumar Keshavamurthy Salagame

Online publication date:
Jun 2019
Indian psychology is a nascent discipline, although it has a history that dates back many millennia. It differs from Western psychology both in its subject matter and its methodology. ... More

Sport Psychology Considerations in Intercollegiate Athletics in the United States  

Christopher M. Bader and Scott B. Martin

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
As a field of study, sport psychology is relatively young, gaining its formalized start in the United States in the 1920s. Then and now, the practice of sport psychology is concerned with ... More

Statistical Mediation in Lifespan Developmental Analyses  

Oscar Gonzalez and David P. MacKinnon

Online publication date:
Aug 2018
Lifespan developmental research studies how individuals change throughout their lifetime and how intraindividual or interindividual change leads to future outcomes. Lifespan researchers ... More

Stereotypes and Prejudice  

David Marx and Sei Jin Ko

Online publication date:
May 2019
Stereotypes are widely held generalized beliefs about the behaviors and attributes possessed by individuals from certain social groups (e.g., race/ethnicity, sex, age, socioeconomic ... More

Stigma and Health  

Katherine Nieweglowski and Patrick W. Corrigan

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
Stigma is a complex process that results from the interaction of stereotypes, prejudice, and discrimination. When applied to health conditions (e.g., mental illness, HIV/AIDS, diabetes, ... More

Strength Training and Sport Psychology  

E. Whitney G. Moore

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Strength training sessions are developed and overseen by strength and conditioning coaches, whose primary responsibilities are to maximize individuals’ athletic performance and minimize ... More

Stress and Coping Theory Across the Adult Lifespan  

Agus Surachman and David M. Almeida

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
Stress is a broad and complex phenomenon characterized by environmental demands, internal psychological processes, and physical outcomes. The study of stress is multifaceted and commonly ... More

Structure and Function of Attitudes  

Pablo Briñol, Richard E. Petty, and Maria Stavraki

Online publication date:
Oct 2019
Attitudes refer to general evaluations people have regarding people, places, objects, and issues. Attitudes serve a number of important functions such as guiding choices and actions and ... More

Subjective Aging and Health  

Gerben J. Westerhof and Susanne Wurm

Aging is often associated with inevitable biological decline. Yet research suggests that subjective aging—the views that people have about their own age and aging—contributes to how long ... More

Substance Use in Later Life  

Stephen J. Bright

In the 21st century, we have seen a significant increase in the use of alcohol and other drugs (AODs) among older adults in most first world countries. In addition, people are living ... More

Successful Aging: History and Prospects  

John W. Rowe and Dawn C. Carr

Online publication date:
Aug 2018
While the factors that influence the well-being of individuals in late life have long been a major concern of research in aging, they have been a particularly active area of research and ... More

Suicide in Later Life  

Kim Van Orden, Caroline Silva, and Yeates Conwell

Suicide in later life is a significant public health problem around the world—a problem that will increase in magnitude in the coming years with the impact of population aging. Adults age ... More

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